Fier (60)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> French Navy >> Fier (60)

Origin and History

This ship of the line was built by Chapelle in Toulon (France) in 1745. She was launched in 1745.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • 1756: de Herville

The ship was striken off of the fleet in 1780.

Service during the War

In 1756, the ship participated to the amphibious expedition against Minorca. On May 20, she took part to the battle of Minorca against admiral Byng's squadron where a French fleet prevented him to bring reinforcement to Fort St. Philip in Mahon.

In 1759, the ship was part of the fleet assembled at Toulon under de la Clue which was destined to reinforce the main French fleet at Brest for the planned invasions of Great Britain. By mid May, de la Clue's squadron was almost ready for sea when a British squadron under the command of Boscawen, conducting operations in the Mediterranean, appeared off Toulon and blockaded the harbour. At the beginning of July, Boscawen was compelled to go to Gibraltar for provisions and repairs. On August 5, de la Clue set sail from Toulon to make a junction with de Conflans' fleet at Brest. On August 17, de la Clue's fleet (10 ships of the line, 2 50-gun ships and 3 frigates) passed the straits of Gibraltar where it was sighted by the Gibraltar (20). Alarmed, Boscawen set sail from Gibraltar to intercept de la Clue. During the night of August 17 to 18, this ship along with 4 others of de la Clue's squadron lost sight of his flagship and steered for Cadiz. She did not take part in the disastrous battle of Lagos in the afternoon of August 18.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 60
1st deck 24 x 18-pdrs
2nd deck 26 x 12-pdrs
3rd deck 10 x 6-pdrs
Crew n/a
Length 138 feet (42.06 m)
Width 38 feet (11.58 m)
Depth 17.8 feet (5.43 m)
Displacement 1100 tons (998 metric tons)

References

Anonymous, A Complete History of the Present War, from its Commencement in 1756, to the End of the Campaign, 1760, London, 1761

Fortescue J. W., A History of the British Army Vol. II, MacMillan, London, 1899, pp. 291-295

Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VI, Paris, 1891, pp. 3-19

Unknown author, Répertoire des vaisseaux de ligne français 1682-1780