Origin and History
The regiment was created on September 1 1684. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served in Italy from 1733 to 1735.
From 1739 to 1741, the regiment occupied the island of Corsica.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment served in the Alps in 1743. In 1744, it was transferred to Nice. In 1745, it was at Pavia and Asti. In 1746, the regiment surrendered and its troops spent most of the year as prisoners of war before being exchanged. From 1747 to 1748, the regiment was stationed at Genoa.
On March 15 1749, the regiment incorporated the troopers of the disbanded Montcalm Infanterie.
The regiment counted two battalions.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 70th and was under the command of:
- since December 3 1751 to December 10 1762: marquis de Nozières
When the French infantry was reorganised, on December 10 1762, the regiment was disbanded and its troops incorporated into Touraine Infanterie.
Service during the War
In 1756, the regiment was sent to Corsica under the command of the marquis de Castries to prevent a British invasion and to fight against the nationalist movement led by Paoli. It remained in this island until 1762.
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and four blue cantons each traversed by a horizontal yellow band. The ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1684 to 1762.
Duc de Castries, Le Maréchal de Castries (1727-1800), Flammarion, 1956
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé
Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891
Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006