Flandres Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Flandres Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on September 1 1684. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.

During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment served in Italy from 1733 to 1735.

From 1739 to 1741, the regiment occupied the island of Corsica.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment served in the Alps in 1743. In 1744, it was transferred to Nice. In 1745, it was at Pavia and Asti. In 1746, the regiment surrendered and its troops spent most of the year as prisoners of war before being exchanged. From 1747 to 1748, the regiment was stationed at Genoa.

On March 15 1749, the regiment incorporated the troopers of the disbanded Montcalm Infanterie.

The regiment counted two battalions.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 70th and was under the command of:

  • since December 3 1751 to December 10 1762: marquis de Nozières

When the French infantry was reorganised, on December 10 1762, the regiment was disbanded and its troops incorporated into Touraine Infanterie.

Service during the War

In 1756, the regiment was sent to Corsica under the command of the marquis de Castries to prevent a British invasion and to fight against the nationalist movement led by Paoli. It remained in this island until 1762.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes militaires 1758,
and Etat militaire 1761
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold and silver with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold and silver with a black cockade
Neckstock black
Coat grey-white
Collar none (blue in 1761)
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets in the shape of a half escutcheon (3 copper and 2 pewter buttons alternating on each pocket : 2 on each side and 1 at the bottom)

N.B.: 3 copper and 3 pewter alternating buttons in 1761

Cuffs blue with 2 copper and 2 pewter alternating buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat blue
Breeches grey-white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

n/a

Colours

The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and four blue cantons each traversed by a horizontal yellow band. The ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1684 to 1762.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

Duc de Castries, Le Maréchal de Castries (1727-1800), Flammarion, 1956

Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé

Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006