Fouqué Fusiliers

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Origin and History

Uniform in 1770 (unchanged since the SYW) - Source: Anonymous work of 1770

The unit was raised in 1740 as a fusilier regiment. Its soldiers came from the garrison of Magdeburg and from a grenadier company contributed by other Prussian regiments.

At the beginning of the War of the Austrian Succession, in April 1741, the regiment joined the Observation Corps of Dessau in Southern Brandenburg. It then garrisoned Berlin for the winter. In May 1742, it reinforced the town of Oppeln. At the end of the year, it was stationed at the Fortress of Glatz where it would be assigned as garrison until 1806. For the campaign of 1744, it joined the corps covering Upper Silesia. In 1745, the regiment escorted the magazine being transferred from Jägerndorf to Neustadt.

The regiment recruited in the Catholic County of Glatz.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

The regimental numbering system (Stammliste) was first used by Leopold I., Fürst von Anhalt-Dessau (Der alte Dessauer) in the Dessauer Spezifikation from 1737. Around 1780 the numbers were used in the printed Stammlisten, still with some variations for the fusilier regiments. It became official by "Cabinets-Ordre" from October 1, 1806. The present infantry regiment was attributed number 33.

The regiment was disbanded in 1806 after the capitulations of Magdeburg and Anklam.

Service during the War

In 1756, the regiment was part of the Army of Silesia under Field-Marshal Schwerin. During this campaign, this army was initially posted on the border between Silesia and Bohemia. It later conducted operations in Eastern Bohemia.

In the spring of 1757, the regiment took part in the invasion of Bohemia in Schwerin's Corps. On May 6, it fought at the Battle of Prague where it was deployed in the first line in Fouqué's Brigade. After this battle, it participated in the siege of Prague.

In the Spring of 1758, the regiment took part in the invasion of Moravia. It was present at the unsuccessful Siege of Olmütz.

On June 23 1760, the second battalion of the regiment took part in the Battle of Landeshut where it was deployed on the Mummelberg on the left wing under Colonel von Rosen. It was attacked in the rear by Loudon Infantry while several Austrian grenadier battalions attacked it frontally. It was taken prisoners during this engagement.

After the war, the regiment was re-established with troops from the former Saxon Plotho Fusiliers.

N.B.: During the war the grenadiers from the wing grenadier companies were put together with the grenadiers of Fusilier Regiment 42, forming the Grenadier Batallion 33/42 (please refer to this article for the details of the service of the grenadiers during the war).

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Dal
Uniform Details
Headgear
Fusilier
IR33 Fusilier Mitre Cap - Source: Digby Smith and rf-figuren
mitre with polished brass front plate; light orange headband with polished brass ornaments; light orange backing; polished brass braids and spike
Grenadier mitre with polished brass front plate; light orange headband with a white and red braid and polished brass ornaments; light orange backing with similar braid; red within light orange within white pompom (see Grenadier Batallion 33/42 for an illustration)
Neck stock black
Coat Prussian blue lined red with 2 brass buttons under the right lapel and 3 brass buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar white
Shoulder Straps white (Prussian blue as per Hohrath) fastened with a small brass button
Lapels white with 6 brass buttons grouped 2 by 2 on each lapel
Pockets horizontal pockets edged in red, each with 3 brass buttons
Cuffs white (in the Swedish pattern) with 2 brass buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat white
Breeches white
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Cross-belt one white belt over the left shoulder for the cartridge box and one narrower white belt over the right shoulder for the haversack
Waist-belt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard brown
Footgear black shoes


Privates were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a curved blade sabre.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • black and white quartered pompoms
  • no shoulder strap
  • cuffs edged with golden lace braids
  • yellowish leather gloves
  • black and white sabre tassel

NCOs were armed with a sabre and a white (maybe brown) half-pikes measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.37 m.) in the fusilier companies and 13 Rhenish feet (4.10 m.) in the grenadier companies (carried by the 3 most senior NCOs while other grenadier NCOs were armed with rifled muskets since 1744).

NCOs also carried canes (normally attached to a button at the top of the right front while carrying the half-pike).

Officers

Officer uniform in 1770 (unchanged since the SYW) - Source: Anonymous work of 1770

The uniforms of the officers were very similar to those of the privates with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne with a golden scalloped lace, black and white quartered pompoms and a black cockade fastened with a golden band and a yellow button. (officers always wore tricornes notwithstanding if they were commanding musketeers, fusiliers or grenadiers)
  • black neck stock
  • no shoulder strap on the coat
  • no trimming
  • no turnbacks on the coat
  • black and silver sash around the waist

Officers carried white (maybe brown) spontoons measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.36 m.) and an officer stick.

Musicians

Lace of the drummer uniform - Source: E. Boltze Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen...

The lace of the drummers consisted of a 3cm wide white braid decorated with three Prussian blue stripes.

The uniforms of the drummers were similar to those of the privates but had much more elaborate lacing and other peculiarities:

  • no shoulder strap
  • swallow nest on each shoulder decorated with 4 vertical drummer laces and 1 horizontal drummer lace
  • coat edged with the drummer lace
  • lapels, pockets and cuffs edged with the drummer lace


Colours

Colonel colour (Leibfahne): White field. Centre device consisting of a cornflower blue medallion surrounded by a silver laurel wreath and surmounted by a silver crown. The medallion is decorated with a black eagle holding a sword and lightning bolts surmounted by a white scroll bearing the silver motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Corner monograms (crowns, laurel wreaths, “FR” ciphers) and grenades in silver.

Regimental colours (Kompaniefahnen): Cornflower blue field. Centre device consisting of a white medallion surrounded by a silver laurel wreath and surmounted by a silver crown. The medallion is decorated with a black eagle holding a sword and lightning bolts surmounted by a cornflower blue scroll bearing the silver motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Corner monograms (crowns, laurel wreaths, “FR” ciphers) and grenades in silver.

Colonel Colour - Source: Dawid from a template by Hannoverdidi
Regimental Colour - Source: Dawid from a template by Hannoverdidi

The pikes used as staffs for the colours were white (maybe brown).

References

Accurate Vorstellung der sämtlich Koeniglichen Preusischen Armee Worinnen zur eigentlichen Kenntniss der Uniform von jedem Regiment ein Officier und Gemeiner in Völliger Montirung und ganzer Statur nach dem Leben abgebildet sind. Nebst beigefügter Nachricht 1.) von der Stiftung. 2.) Denen Chefs. 3.) der Staerke und 4.) der in Friedenszeiten habenden Guarnisons jedes Regiments. Hrsg. u. gezeichnet I.C. v. S.(chmalen), Nürnberg 1759 and 1762

Bleckwenn, Hans: Die Uniformen der Preußischen Infanterie 1753-1786, Teil III/Bd. 3, Osnabrück 1973

Bleckwenn, Hans, Die friderzianischen Uniformen 1753-1786, Bd. I Infanterie I, Osnabrück 1984

Boltze, Eberhard: Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen nach dem Stande von 1785 nebst Rückblick bis 1740, Dresden, November 1927, pp. 27, Annex III and IV

Brauer, M.: Heer und Tradition / Heeres-Uniformbogen (so-called “Brauer-Bogen”), Berlin 1926 -1962

Engelmann, Joachim and Günter Dorn: Die Infanterie-Regimenter Friedrich des Grossen, Podzun-Pallas, 2000

Die Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung der Armee Friedrichs des Großen: Eine Dokumentation aus Anlaß seines 200. Todesjahres, 2 erw. Auflage, Raststatt 1986

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, Appendix 1

Guddat, Martin: Grenadiere, Musketiere, Füsiliere: Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen, Herford 1986

Hohrath, Daniel: The Uniforms of the Prussian Army under Frederick the Great from 1740 to 1786; Vol. 2; Verlag Militaria, Vienna: 2011, pp. 266-273

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.