Frei-Infanterie de Jeney

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Frei-Infanterie de Jeney

Origin and History

In December 1760, Frederick II instructed Major Quintus Icilius to raise 7 new Frei-Infanterie battalions. This battalion was raised on December 23 of the same year in Emden and Aurich. Most of its recruits came from the disbanded Garrison Regiment XII Kalckreuth. The battalion was placed under the command of Jeney and was also known as the “Volontaires d'Ostfriese”.

According to Bleckwenn's classification system, the unit is designated as “Frei-Infanterie Regiment F10”. The unit consisted of one battalion:

  • 5 musketeer companies, each of:
    • 4 officers
    • 7 NCOs
    • 1 drummer
    • 150 privates
  • 2 x 3-pdr guns.

...and of a 15 to 30 hussars.

During the Seven Years' War, the unit was under the command of:

  • since December 23 1760 till the end of the war: Major Ludwig de Jeney

In 1763, at the end of the Seven Years' War, the battalion was disbanded in Emden and its soldiers drafted into various Silesian regiments.

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1761, the battalion was attached to the corps operating in Saxony under the command of Prince Henri.

For the campaign of 1762, the battalion was once more attached to the army of Prince Henri operating in Saxony. On October 29, the unit fought at the battle of Freiberg where it was attached to the fourth column of the left wing, acting as flank guard.

To do: more details on the campaigns from 1761 to 1762.

Uniform

Fusilier Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1761 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne without lace with 1 pewter button, 1 light blue within white within light blue pompom and 1 smaller similar pompom in each lateral corne
Neck stock black
Coat Prussian blue lined red; 2 pewter buttons at the waist on the right side; 2 white laced buttonholes with white tassels at the waist on each side; 1 white laced buttonole with tassel on each side in the small of the back; and 3 pewter buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar light blue
Shoulder Straps white fastened with a pewter button
Lapels light blue with 6 pewter buttons and 6 white laced buttonholes with white tassels arranged 2 by 2 on both sides
Pockets horizontal pockets piped red, each with 2 pewter buttons
Cuffs light blue “Swedish-style” cuffs with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white laced buttonholes with white tassels
Turnbacks red fastened with a small pewter button
Waistcoat light blue with one row of pewter buttons (maybe edged white with pockets edged white)
Breeches light blue
Gaiters tall black gaiters
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard brown
Footgear black


Privates were armed with a short musket, a bayonet and a curved blade sabres.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne with wide silver lace and black and white quartered pompoms
  • no shoulder strap
  • no laced buttonholes on the lapels
  • simpler silver laced buttonholes without tassels under the lapels, on each cuff and in the small of the back
  • no tassel to the remaining laced buttonholes

NCOs were probably armed with a sabre and a half-pikes measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.37 m.).

NCOs also carried canes (normally attached to a button at the top of the right front while carrying the half-pike).

Officers

Officers had tricorne wearing a scalloped silver lace, a black cockade fastened with a small silver button and a silver strap; and 2 black and white pompoms (1 in each side corne of the tricorne). Their coats were similar to those of the privates but had no turnbacks nor shoulder straps. White laces at the buttonholes were replaced by richly embroidered silver laces with silver tassels. Furthermore, each pocket had 2 silver embroidered buttonholes with silver tassels.

Officers probably carried spontoons measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.36 m.).

Musicians

no information found yet

Hussar Uniform

Privates

Uniform Details
Headgear black mirliton
Neck stock black
Pelisse light blue with cuffs edged white along the fur trim
Fur trim white
Lace white braids
Buttons pewter
Dolman light blue with white braids and pewter buttons
Collar no information available
Cuffs no information available
Trousers buff leather with light blue overtrousers
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waist-sash light blue and white barrel sash
Scabbard no information available
Boots black Hungarian boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth light blue edged with a wide white braid
Sabretache light blue edged with a wide white braid


Privates were armed with a rifle and a curved blade sabres.

NCOs

no information found yet

Officers

no information found yet

Musicians

no information found yet

Colours

None of the Freikorps units carried official colours or standards to the exception of von Kleist Frei Korps.

References

Bleckwenn, Hans (Hrsg.): Das Altpreussische Heer - Erscheinungsbild und Wesen 1713-1807, Teil III: Übersichten altpreußischer Uniformgestaltung, Band 5: Die Uniformen der preußischen Technischen Truppen, Rückwärtigen Dienste und Kriegsformationen 1753-1786, Osnabrück 1984

Cremer, Peter: Die Preussischen Freikorps im Siebenjährigen Krieg: Auflistung der Freikorps, ihrer Einsätze, der Uniformen, der Chefs und deren Geschichte, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.

Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin 1901, Anlage 1-2

Jany, Curt: Geschichte der Königlich Preußischen Armee bis zum Jahre 1807, Zweiter Band: Die Armee Friedrichs des Großen 1740-1763, Reprint Osnabrück 1967

Acknowledgments

Michael Zahn and Digby Smith for the information provided for the creation of the initial version of this article.