Frei-Infanterie von Schack

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Frei-Infanterie von Schack

Origin and History

In December 1760, Frederick II instructed Major Quintus Icilius to raise 7 new Frei-Infanterie battalions. The battalion raised in Lingen was placed under the command of Major Schack, formerly from Frei-Infanterie Icilius.

According to Bleckwenn's classification system, the unit is designated as “Frei-Infanterie Regiment F11”. The battalion consisted of 4 companies of musketeers and 1 company of grenadiers, each of:

    • 4 officers
    • 7 NCOs
    • 1 drummer
    • 140 privates
    • 10 jägers
  • 2 x 3-pdr guns.

During the Seven Years' War, the unit was under the command of:

  • since December 1760 until 1763: Major Otto Wilhelm Christian von Schack

In 1763, at the end of the Seven Years' War, the battalion (519 men) was drafted into various Silesian regiments.

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1761, the battalion was attached to the corps operating in Saxony under the command of Prince Henri.

For the campaign of 1762, the battalion was once more attached to the army of Prince Henri operating in Saxony. On January 21, the battalion was almost entirely taken prisoners at Deutschbora. However, it was soon reconstituded in Düben, its officers coming from the disbanded Frei-Infanterie de la Badie regiment. On October 29, the unit fought at the battle of Freiberg.

To do: more details on the campaigns from 1761 to 1762.

Uniform

Musketeer Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1761 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne without lace, with 1 brass button, 1 light blue pompom and 1 smaller similar pompom in each lateral corne
Grenadier probably a bearskin
Neck stock black
Coat Prussian blue lined red; 6 brass buttons arranged 2-2-2 on the chest; 2 brass buttons at the waist on the right side; and 3 brass buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar light blue
Shoulder Straps light blue fastened with a brass button on the left shoulder; a yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets piped red, each with 2 brass buttons
Cuffs light blue “Swedish-style” cuffs, each with 2 brass buttons
Turnbacks red fastened with a small brass button
Waistcoat light blue with one row of brass buttons
Breeches light blue
Gaiters black gaiters
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard brown
Footgear black


Privates were armed with a short musket, a bayonet and a curved blade sabres.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne with wide golden lace and black and white quartered pompoms
  • no shoulder strap
  • golden edged cuffs
  • golden aiguillette

NCOs were probably armed with a sabre and a half-pikes measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.37 m.).

NCOs also carried canes (normally attached to a button at the top of the right front while carrying the half-pike).

Officers

Officers had tricorne with a scalloped gold lace, a black cockade fastened with a small gold button and a golden strap; and 2 black and white pompoms (1 in each lateral corne of the tricorne). They also wore a black and silver sash around the waist. Their coats were similar to those of the privates but with a golden aiguillette on the right shoulder and without turnbacks nor shoulder straps.

Officers probably carried spontoons measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.36 m.).

Musicians

no information found

Jäger Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1751 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne without lace with 1 brass button, alight green cockade and light green pompoms (1 in each lateral corne)
Neck stock black
Coat dark green lined light green; 6 brass buttons arranged 2 by 2 on both sides; 2 brass buttons under the lapel on the right side; and 3 brass buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar light green
Shoulder Straps yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 brass buttons
Cuffs light green "Swedish style" cuffs with 2 brass buttons
Turnbacks light green fastened with a small brass button
Waistcoat light green with one row of brass buttons
Breeches natural leather
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt buff
Waistbelt buff
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard brown
Footgear black boots


Privates were armed with a rifle and a curved blade sabres.

NCOs

NCOs probably wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • tricorne with wide golden lace and black and white quartered pompoms
  • no shoulder strap
  • golden edged cuffs
  • golden aiguillette

Officers

Officers had tricorne with a scalloped gold lace, a black cockade fastened with a small gold button and a golden strap; and 2 black and white pompoms (1 in each lateral corne of the tricorne). They also wore a black and silver sash around the waist. Their coats were similar to those of the privates but with a golden aiguillette on the right shoulder and without turnbacks nor shoulder straps.

Colours

None of the Freikorps units carried official colours or standards to the exception of von Kleist Frei Korps.

References

Bleckwenn, Hans (Hrsg.): Das Altpreussische Heer - Erscheinungsbild und Wesen 1713-1807, Teil III: Übersichten altpreußischer Uniformgestaltung, Band 5: Die Uniformen der preußischen Technischen Truppen, Rückwärtigen Dienste und Kriegsformationen 1753-1786, Osnabrück 1984

Cremer, Peter: Die Preussischen Freikorps im Siebenjährigen Krieg: Auflistung der Freikorps, ihrer Einsätze, der Uniformen, der Chefs und deren Geschichte, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.

Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin 1901, Anlage 1-2

Jany, Curt: Geschichte der Königlich Preußischen Armee bis zum Jahre 1807, Zweiter Band: Die Armee Friedrichs des Großen 1740-1763, Reprint Osnabrück 1967

Acknowledgments

Michael Zahn and Digby Smith for the information provided for the creation of the initial version of this article.