Frei Hussars Fürst Lubomirski
Origin and History
Prince Lubomirski offered to King Frederick to raise a regiment of hussars at his own expense in exchange for the rank of major-general. The king finally agreed to let him raise a first battalion at the condition that it would be entirely recruited from Poles. The 3 first squadrons were mostly recruited among Austrian prisoners but also included former Prussian deserters. They assembled at Öls (present day Oleśnica) in Lower Silesia.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- since September 1758 till Mid November 1758: Fürst Lubomirski
From October 12 1758, part of the unit were gradually transferred to Garrison Regiment II Sydow, Garrison Regiment V Mützschefahl and existing Prussian regiments of hussars; and this short lived regiment ceased to exist on November 13 1758. Prince Lubomirski fled to Poland.
Service during the War
On September 28 1758, the 3 first squadrons were instructed to join the army. However, Prince Lubomirski had difficulties to bring his squadrons to full strength and to pay them regularly. Some 300 men for which he had not been able to provide horses were transferred to Garrison Regiment II Sydow and Garrison Regiment V Mützschefahl. Finally, on October 11, Lubomirski was instructed to distribute the remaining 150 mounted hussars of his unit among existing Prussian cavalry regiments in Silesia.
There are numerous interpretations of the uniforms of this short lived unit. We have chosen to illustrate a variant repeatedly mentioned.
|Headgear||black mirliton with a black wing edged white; carmine red cords, knots and tassels; a crowned "FR" cypher in front|
|Dolman||blue edged white with 10 white cords and 3 rows of white buttons
|Trousers||blue edged white|
Troopers were probably armed with a short curved sabre, two pistols and a carbine.
Schmalen (later followed by Menzel) illustrates a very different uniform in 1760 with a very similar pelisse but with yellowish green dolman, trouser with white cords, laces and buttons and a brown kolback with a leaf green bag with yellow cords and silver knots and tassels. However, in 1759, Schmalen had illustrated another variant: dark blue pelisee with carmine red dolman and trousers...
Officers wore the same uniforms as troopers with the following distinctions:
- no cord, knot or tassel on the kolback
- golden cords and laces on the pelisse
- golden cords and laces on the dolman
- silver sash
NCOs wore the same uniforms as the troopers with the following distinctions:
- black and white cords, knots and tassels on the kolback
- white cords and yellow laces on the pelisse
no information available yet
None of the Freikorps units carried official colours, standards or guidons to the exception of von Kleist Frei Korps.
Anon.: Accurate Vorstellung der sämtlich Koeniglichen Preusischen Armee..., Hrsg. u. gezeichnet I.C. v. S.(chmalen), Nürnberg, 1759
Anon.: Uniformen der Preußischen Armee, 1758
Bleckwenn, Hans (Hrsg.): Das Altpreussische Heer - Erscheinungsbild und Wesen 1713-1807, Teil III: Übersichten altpreußischer Uniformgestaltung, Band 5: Die Uniformen der preußischen Technischen Truppen, Rückwärtigen Dienste und Kriegsformationen 1753-1786, Osnabrück 1984
Cremer, Peter: Die Preussischen Freikorps im Siebenjährigen Krieg: Auflistung der Freikorps, ihrer Einsätze, der Uniformen, der Chefs und deren Geschichte, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin 1901, Anlage 1-2
Knötel, Herbert d.J.; Brauer, Hans M.: Heer und Tradition Heeres-Uniformbogen ("Brauer-Bogen"), Berlin 1926 -1962
Menzel, Adolf v.: Die Armee Friedrichs des Großen in ihrer Uniformierung, Vol. 3: Rest der Infanterie, die besonderen Corps und Chargen, Anhang u. Ergänzungen, Berlin 1857 , Plate 425
Michael Zahn for the information provided for the creation of the initial version of this article.