Fusiliers-Guides de Plinchamp

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Fusiliers-Guides de Plinchamp

Origin and History

The unit was created by a decree dated December 26, 1756. It consisted of a single company of fusiliers-guides comprising:

  • 1 captain
  • 1 lieutenant
  • 1 second-lieutenant
  • 2 sergeants (including 1 mounted sergeant)
  • 2 corporals (including 1 mounted corporal)
  • 2 ansepessades
  • 21 fusiliers (including 10 mounted fusiliers)

The company was attached to the maréchal-des-logis of the army where it served. It was charged to carry urgent orders.

On March 19 1760, the mounted fusiliers were increased from 12 men to 40 men.

During the Seven Years' War, the unit was commanded by:

  • since 1756: M. de Plinchamp
  • from 1760: M. de Brunelli (aka Brunelly)

The company, then consisting of only 40 mounted soldiers and serving with the French army in Germany, was disbanded by a royal decree dated November 20, 1762.

Service during the War

By August 1757, this units was with the French army in Germany.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Jean-Louis Vial of Nec Pluribus Impar
Uniform Details as per
Ordonnance of 1756, États militaires of 1758-1759 and La Chesnaye in 1759
Headgear black tricorne laced false silver with a white cockade fastened with a small pewter button
Neckstock black
Coat blue lined blue with pewter buttons on the right side
Collar blue (as per Raspe) or white (as per Taccoli)
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Cuffs blue with 3 pewter buttons
Turnbacks blue
Waistcoat blue with pewter buttons
Breeches blue
Gaiters white or white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white leather
Waistbelt white leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear ankle boots


Armaments consisted of:

  • for mounted troops: a musket and a dragoon style bayonet, a pistol, a sabre and a cartridge box (20 cartridges);
  • for foot soldiers: a shorter musket (6 inches shorter), a hunting knife style bayonet, a cartridge box (20 cartridges) 1 tool (shovel, axe or pickaxe).

Mounted troops rode 4'5 to 4'6 horses equipped with a saddle, a blue bordered white saddle cloth and blue bordered white housings.

Officers

Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • silver laced tricorne
  • silver buttons
  • no turnbacks
  • black boots with white knee covers

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • sergeants: silver laced tricorne with 3 silver brandebourgs on each sleeve
  • corporal: 3 white woollen brandebourgs on each sleeve
  • anspessade: 2 white woollen brandebourgs on each sleeve.

Musicians

There were no musicians attached to this company.

Colours

This company carried no colours.

References

Expilly, Louis Alexandre; Dictionnaire géographique, historique et politique des Gaules et de la France‬, 1764

Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé

Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 220

Mouillard, Lucien; Les Régiments sous Louis XV; Paris 1882

Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service Historique de l'armée de terre; Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757

Raspe, Gabriel Nicolas, Recueil de toutes les troupes qui forment les armées françoises, Nuremberg 1761

Taccoli, Alfonso; Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760

Acknowledgements

Jean-Louis Vial of Nec Pluribus Impar for the initial version of this article.