Graf Rutowsky Light Dragoons

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Saxon Army >> Graf Rutowsky Light Dragoons

Origin and History

Trooper of Graf Rutowsky Light Dragoons in 1756 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli

The regiment was raised in 1742 in Saxony by Colonel Vitzthum von Eckstädt.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment served in the campaigns of 1744 and 1745 in Saxony.

In 1756, the regiment was captured at Pirna and incorporated into the Prussian Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons. Two bodies, under Sergeants Ehring and Heysing, and a third, under Corporal Eichler, escaped Prussian service and reformed in Moravia. The men were distributed among the Chevauxlegers regiments. Both sergeants were made captains, and Corporal Eichler was promoted cornet in 1761. The remaining dragoons served as grenadiers with the Saxon infantry till 1761. That year, they were re-mounted for cavalry service.

At the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, in 1756, the regiment consisted of 4 squadrons, each of 2 companies, for a total theoretical strength of some 514 men.

During the Seven Years' War the regiment had the following Chefs:

During the Seven Years' War the regiment had the following Kommandeur:

  • since 1745: Colonel Baron von Dyherrn, later lieutenant-general (died in 1759 from the wounds suffered at the battle of Bergen)
  • from 1759: Colonel von Schlieben, promoted major-general in 1761 becoming commander of the newly raised cavalry regiment, and killed in 1762 in the second combat of Lutterberg

In 1763, the regiment reformed in 4 squadrons by incorporating the Frei-Husaren von Schill squadron. The latter received ‘German’ dragoon uniforms in 1764.

Service during the War

At the end of August 1756, when Frederick II proceeded to the invasion of Saxony, the regiment retired to Pirna with the rest of the Saxon army. At Pirna, the regiment was deployed on the right wing under von Arnim, as part of Rechenberg's Brigade. The Prussians blockaded the Saxon army in Pirna from September 9 until October 15 when the Saxons finally had to surrender. The regiment was then incorporated into the Prussian Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons.

In 1757, two bodies, under Sergeants Ehring and Heysing, and a third, under Corporal Eichler, escaped Prussian service and reached Moravia where they were distributed among the Chevauxlegers regiments. Both sergeants were made captains, and Corporal Eichler was promoted cornet in 1761. The remaining dragoons served as grenadiers with the Saxon infantry till 1761. That year, they were re-mounted for cavalry service.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756
Source: David at Not By Appointment
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced yellow with a white cockade fastened with a small yellow button
Neckstock red
Coat red
Collar black
Shoulderknot white aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels black with yellow buttons
Cuffs black, each with 2 yellow buttons
Turnbacks black fastened with a yellow button
Waistcoat buff with yellow buttons
Breeches buff leather
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white with a brass buckle
Cartridge Box no information available
Scabbard brown with brass fittings
Footgear black boot
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth two interpretations:
  1. red bordered with a wide white braid with two black stripes
  2. black bordered with a wide white braid with two black stripes and decorated in the rear corner with a crowned white "AR" cipher
Sabretache two interpretations:
  1. red bordered with a wide white braid with two black stripes
  2. black bordered with a wide white braid with two black stripes and decorated with a crowned white "AR" cipher
Blanket roll no information available


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a musket.

Officers

 To do: specify particularities of the uniforms of the officers

Musicians

 To do: specify particularities of the uniforms of the musicians

Colours

To do: brief textual description of flags 

Colonel Flag: ???

Regimental Flag: ???

References

Geschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand der Kursächsischen Armee. [History and present state of the Saxon Army.] 2nd edition, part IX, Dresden 1793.