Gruzinskiy Hussars

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Origin and History

The unit entered into Russian service as an irregular unit during the war against Turkey from 1736 to 1739.

At the beginning of the war with Sweden, on October 14 1741, the unit was transformed into a regular hussar regiment known as Gruzinskiy Hussarskiy (Georgian Hussar). In theory, it then counted 10 companies for a total of about 962 men (800 troopers). However, until July 1759, most Russian hussar regiments counted only 6 squadrons. Tielke specifically mentioned this regiment as counting 600 men during this period.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • in 1761: Colonel Prince Amilokhvarov

Service during the War

In 1756, at the outbreak of the war, the regiment was stationed in Kegsgolm and Pskov. During the winter of 1756-57, it joined the Russian field army.

In 1757, the regiment took part in the campaign in East Prussia under General-in-Chief Count Apraxin. On August 30, at the Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf, it was part of the vanguard and belonged to Dolgoruki<s Brigade. When the Russian army deployed, it was placed in the second line of the left wing.

In January 1758, the regiment took part in the Russian invasion of East Prussia. At the beginning of August, it took part in the [[invasion of Brandenburg. On August 25, it fought in the Battle of Zorndorf where it was part of the second line of the cavalry left wing. Around mid-November, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in Garnsee as part of Resanov's 2nd Division.

On July 23 1759, the regiment took part in the Battle of Paltzig where it was attached to Demiku's Light Cavalry Brigade deployed on the right wing of the first line. A few weeks later, on August 12, the regiment fought in the Battle of Kunersdorf where it was deployed in the vanguard behind the Cossacks as part of Riazanov's Light Cavalry Brigade.

At the beginning of October 1760, during the campaign in Brandenburg, the regiment formed part of Totleben's Corps who captured Berlin.

At the beginning of 1761, the regiment was transferred from Tottleben's Corps, wintering in Pomerania, to Rumyantsev's Corps. The regiment was initially stationed at Schlochau (present-day Człuchów). During the campaign in Pomerania and the siege of Colberg, it was part of Rumiantsev's Corps; more precisely, along with Slobodskiy Hussars, it belonged to Amialchnaroy's Brigade. In May, the regiment counted 836 men (including 35 sick). On September 23 near Kiełpin, 300 men of the regiment, under the command of Ratayev, were forced back by Platen's cavalry. On October 7, 2 sqns of the regiment were sent to Greifenberg (present-day Gryfice) as part of Colonel Apocnin's detachment (Rizhskiy Horse Grenadiers, 3rd and 4th converged grenadiers bns, Miller volunteer bn, Igerstrom volunteer bn and 400 Cossacks). At Koldemanz, they took part in the capture of Major Potscharly's Prussian detachment (300 men of Belling Hussars, 200 volunteers of Grenadier Battalion 17/22 Rothenburg and 1 gun). The regiment wintered in Pomerania.

To do: more details on the campaign of 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757
Source: David at Not By Appointment
Uniform Details
Headgear black kolback with a red bag and red cords, knots and tassels
Neck stock black
Pelisse yellow
Fur trim black
Lace 8 red braids
Buttons brass
Dolman yellow with 8 red braids and brass buttons
Collar yellow edged red
Cuffs yellow edged with a red chevron
Breeches red decorated with intricate yellow loops
Cloak unknown colour
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt black leather
Waist-sash black and yellow barrel sash
Scabbard black leather with iron fittings
Boots black Hungarian boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red with black wolf tooth edging
Sabretache yellow, wearing a red “EP” monogram and bordered with a red lace


Troopers were armed with a short, curved sabre and two pistols (no carbine). Zweguintzov mentions that Russian hussars also carried a carbine.

Officers

Officers wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • gold cords and lace
  • yellow Hungarian boots
  • pelisse trimmed with grey fur

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • gold cords, knots and tassels on the kolback
  • gold lace
  • a golden braid on the border of the collar
  • golden braids on the sleeve (2 for the vakhmistr, 1 for quartermaster)

Musicians

There was 1 kettle-drummer for the regiment and 1 trumpeter for each of the 10 companies. They wore uniforms identical to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • small wings on the shoulders
  • braids of an unknown colour

Trumpets and kettle drums were made of copper and decorated with red lace and cords.

Colours

Russian hussar regiments carried no standards during the Seven Years' War.

References

Funcken, L. and F.: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Gromoboy, Vlad: The Russian Pandours - Pandour Hussars (1741-61), Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XII No. 1

  • Großer Generalstab, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher). Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen. Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 4 Groß-Jägersdorf und Breslau, Berlin 1902
    • chapter A: Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 1-46
    • appendix: supplement 1, Das Kaiserlich Russiche Heer, page 3-18

Karpiński, Tomasz: Kampania 1761 r. na Pomorzu Zachodnim, manuscript

Konstam A. & Younghusband B.: Russian Army of the Seven Years War, Osprey, London, 1996

Maslowskij, D.: Russkaia armija, vol. 3, p. 43

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989

Tielke, J. G.: An Account of some of the most Remarkable Events of the War between the Prussians, Austrians and Russians from 1756 to 1763, Vol. 2, Walter, London, 1788

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

Zweguintzov: L'Armee Russe, 1973

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.