Guardia del Corpo

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Modenese Army >> Guardia del Corpo

Origin and History

On the eve of the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1740, the duke Francesco III of Modena could field only his bodyguards (Guardia del Corpo) of 200 men and one infantry regiment: Palude Infantry which would become the Guardie a piedi (Foot Guards) in 1750.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • no information found yet

Service during the War

In April 1759, after the appointment of the Duke Francesco III as governor of Milan by Maria Theresa, there were some 2,700 Modenese soldiers in the territory of Milan assuming garrison duties. However, the Guardia del Corpo remained in the duchy of Modena.

Uniform

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced in fake silver with a black cockade fastened on the left side with a silver strap
Neckstock black
Coat turquin blue edged silver; silver braid on the seems of the sleeves; 7 silver buttons on the right side; 7 silver laced buttonholes on each side
Collar none
Shoulder strap white fastened with a silver button
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets edged silver, each with 3 silver buttons and 3 silver laced buttonholes
Cuffs camoscio (buff), each with 3 silver buttons and 3 silver laced buttonholes
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat camoscio (buff) with a single row of silver buttons and with horizontal pockets (each with 3 silver buttons)
Breeches buff
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt camoscio (buff) squares edged silver
Waistbelt camoscio (buff) squares edged silver
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard black with gilt decorations
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth turquin blue edged with a thick silver braid
Sabretache turquin blue edged with a thick silver braid
Blanket roll n/a


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a carbine.

Officers

The officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with more elaborate laces on the cuffs and pockets.

Musicians

The officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with the royal lace (alternating light blue and white squares) instead of the silver laces of the troopers.

The aprons of the trumpets were turquin blue bordered with the royal lace and decorated with the eagle of the House of Este (white eagle with a gold crown, and golden beak and claws) in their centre and 1 golden fleur de lys in each corner. The aprons of the kettledrums were similarly decorated.

Colours

Colonel standard: blue field bordered and fringed white; centre device consisting of the eagle of the House of Este (white eagle with a gold crown, and golden beak and claws); 1 golden fleur de lys in each corner.

References

Antonini, Eraldo and G.C. Boeri; Bandiere Militari Estensi del '700, in Bellica

Archivio Stato Modena; 1750 Stato delle Truppe di S.A. S.ma di Modena, Reggio, Mirandola

Ferri Personali, Fabrizio; L'Esercito Estense, in Araldica Nobili e Cavalieri

Menziani, Dr. Alberto; La Storia militare del Ducato di Modena - è tratto dal periodico illustrato di storia, arte, tradizioni e dialetti], in Il Ducato - Terre Estensi, Associazione Culturale “Terra e Identità”, Modena

Vinkhuijzen Collection of military uniforms, Italy – Modena, 1625-1765 New York Public Library

Acknowledgments

Luc Antonelli for gathering most of the information about this regiment