Guardia del Corpo
Origin and History
On the eve of the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1740, the duke Francesco III of Modena could field only his bodyguards (Guardia del Corpo) of 200 men and one infantry regiment: Palude Infantry which would become the Guardie a piedi (Foot Guards) in 1750.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:
- no information found yet
Service during the War
In April 1759, after the appointment of the Duke Francesco III as governor of Milan by Maria Theresa, there were some 2,700 Modenese soldiers in the territory of Milan assuming garrison duties. However, the Guardia del Corpo remained in the duchy of Modena.
|Headgear||black tricorne laced in fake silver with a black cockade fastened on the left side with a silver strap|
|Coat||turquin blue edged silver; silver braid on the seems of the sleeves; 7 silver buttons on the right side; 7 silver laced buttonholes on each side
|Waistcoat||camoscio (buff) with a single row of silver buttons and with horizontal pockets (each with 3 silver buttons)|
Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a carbine.
The officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with more elaborate laces on the cuffs and pockets.
The officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with the royal lace (alternating light blue and white squares) instead of the silver laces of the troopers.
The aprons of the trumpets were turquin blue bordered with the royal lace and decorated with the eagle of the House of Este (white eagle with a gold crown, and golden beak and claws) in their centre and 1 golden fleur de lys in each corner. The aprons of the kettledrums were similarly decorated.
Colonel standard: blue field bordered and fringed white; centre device consisting of the eagle of the House of Este (white eagle with a gold crown, and golden beak and claws); 1 golden fleur de lys in each corner.
Archivio Stato Modena; 1750 Stato delle Truppe di S.A. S.ma di Modena, Reggio, Mirandola
Ferri Personali, Fabrizio; L'Esercito Estense, in Araldica Nobili e Cavalieri
Menziani, Dr. Alberto; La Storia militare del Ducato di Modena - è tratto dal periodico illustrato di storia, arte, tradizioni e dialetti], in Il Ducato - Terre Estensi, Associazione Culturale “Terra e Identità”, Modena
Vinkhuijzen Collection of military uniforms, Italy – Modena, 1625-1765 New York Public Library
Luc Antonelli for gathering most of the information about this regiment