Hadik, Andreas

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Personalities >> Hadik, Andreas

Andreas Count Hadik von Futak

Austrian General Feldwachtmeister (1748-57) Feldmarshall Lieutenant (1757-58) and General of Cavalry (1758-1763)

born October 16, 1710, Schütt Island, Kőszeg, Hungary

died March 12, 1790, Vienna, Austria

Description

Painting of Andreas Count Hadik circa 1757 - Copyright: MILAK Wiener Neustadt

Andreas Hadik was born in a Hungarian family of lesser nobility.

In 1731, Hadik volunteered for the Ghilányi Hussar Regiment.

In 1732, Hadik was given the rank of officer and became the standard bearer in the Dessewffy Hussar Regiment in the Austrian Army.

During the War of the Polish Succession (1733–1738) and the Russo-Turkish War of 1735–1739, Hadik fought in several campaigns.

In 1738, Hadik was promoted to the rank of captain.

During the War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748), Hadik gained fame for his actions against the Prussians at the City of Neisse (present-day Nysa) using surprise attacks and tricks under the unwritten laws of the so-called kleinkrieg (guerilla war), relying on the excellent quality of his light cavalry hussars. During this war, he was promoted once more, this time to the rank of lieutenant-colonel by Maria Theresa, the Queen of Hungary and Archduchess of Austria.

In 1744, Hadik gained the rank of commanding colonel of the Beleznay Hussar Regiment.

In 1748, Hadik attained the rank of General Feldwachtmeister (major-general) and was appointed commander of a cavalry brigade.

In 1753, Hadik also became inhaber (owner) of a hussar regiment bearing his name: Hadik Hussars.

In October 1757, the already famous Hadik conducted a raid on Berlin while the main Prussian armies were busy fighting the Austrian in Silesia and the Franco-Imperials in Thuringia. With a force of 5,000 men (mostly hussars), Hadik occupied Berlin for a day and obtained a negotiated ransom of 200,000 thalers before leaving the city. For this brilliant action, Hadik was promoted Feldmarshall Lieutenant and received the Great Cross of the Maria Theresien Order.

In 1758, Hadik was promoted General of Cavalry. He fought with the Reichsarmee.

In 1763, after the war, Hadik was made count and governor of the fortress of Ofen .

In 1764, Hadik became governor of the Siebenbürgen (present-day Transylvania), then president of the Congress of Karlowitz. He later received the estates of Futak.

In 1772, after the partition of Poland, Hadik became governor of the part of Poland attributed to Austria (Galicia and Lodomeria) an office that he assumed until June 1774.

In 1774, Hadik was finally promoted Feldmarshall.

In 1776, Emperor Joseph II made him Reichsgraf (Count of the Empire). Hadik also assumed the office of President of the Hofkriegsrat (Court War Council) until 1790. In two occasions, in 1778 and 1789, Hadik took the field at the head of the main Austro-Hungarian army.

References

Skala, Harald, Österreichische Militärgeschichte

Wikipedia - Andreas Hadik