Hammerstein Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hanoverian Army >> Hammerstein Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1648.

During the Seven Years' War, the regimental inhabers were:

  • since 1733: von Hammerstein
  • from 1760: von Jüngermann
  • from 1761: August Sprengel (Alt-Sprengel)

The regiment was disbanded in 1803.

Service during the War

In July 1757, during the French invasion of Hanover, the regiment took part in the battle of Hastenbeck where it was deployed in the cavalry right wing. The cavalry was not really tested in this battle. They were superbly mounted, but drilled in the old German style tactics which meant that they were steady, but slow. They would have charged at a trot and quite likely would have received an enemy charge at the halt placing their trust in their firearms.

On May 26 1758, the regiment was with Ferdinand's main force in the camp of Nottuln. On May 31, it accompanied Ferdinand in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 23, the regiment took part in the battle of Krefeld where it was located in the left wing as part of the brigade under Lieutenant-general von Spörcken.

During the first half of 1759, the regiment formed part of the Allied army of Ferdinand of Brunswick. It was attached to Schulenburg Brigade in the first line of the cavalry left wing. On April 13, it took part in the battle of Bergen where it formed part of the vanguard of the second column under Prince von Ysenburg. The cavalry of this column covered the flank of the attempted infantry advances into Bergen. In this battle, the regiment saw very little action other than the occasional skirmish. In June, the regiment was part of Imhoff's corps operating in Hesse. On August 1, the regiment took part in the battle of Minden where it was deployed in the first line of the 8th column under Lieutenant-general Duke of Holstein. It took part in the capture of a French battery near Malbergen and drove the Touraine and Rouergue infantry brigades out of their defensive positions.

By May 23 1762, the regiment served in Granby's Corps which formed the left wing of the Allied Army towards Dörnberg. On June 24, still part of Granby's Corps, it fought at the battle of Wilhelmsthal.

Uniform

Accurate Vorstellung der saemtlichen Churfürstl. hannöverischen Armee zur eigentlichen Kentniß der Uniform von jedem Regimente nebst beygefügter Geschichte, worinne von der Stiftung, denen Chefs, der Staercke und den wichtigsten Thaten jedes Regiments Nachricht gegeben wird Nürnberg: Raspe 1763 (Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt)

Privates

Uniform - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear black tricorne laced yellow with oak leaves as a field sign, a black cockade and green/white small bobs on the hat (green bobs in 1761)
Neckstock black
Coat white with 6 brass buttons grouped 2 by 2 on the right side and 1 brass button at the small of the back on each side
Collar none
Shoulderknot none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal, each with 3 brass buttons
Cuffs dark green with 3 brass buttons
Turnbacks dark green
Waistcoat straw (dark green in 1761)
Breeches chamois
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt buff
Waistbelt buff
Cartridge Box black
Scabbard black
Footgear black
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth basic color dark green; border from inner edge out red-yellow-red wavy line spiralling around similar white-red-white wavy line, outer line of diagonal stripes with the pattern blue-white-red-white-yellow-white-black-white-blue, etc.; emblem of a blue garter with white lettering within garter is the Royal monogram in white on a red background gold crowned with red interior.

N.B.: some sources mention a different emblem on the saddle-cloth: the White Horse within the Garter surmounted by a crown

In 1761, the saddle was fastened with a green and white girth.

Sabretache see saddlecloth
Blanket roll crimson


Troopers were armed with a Pallasch (straight steel hilted sword), two pistols and a carbine. The carbine was slung from the shoulder belt on a swivel hook.

Officers

Officers wore a yellow silken sash across the right shoulder; a silver gorget, a silver porte-epee; a golden lace on the tricorne. They did not carry any cross-belt.

NCOs

NCOs had golden laces on the cuffs, pockets and waistcoat. They did not carry any cross-belt.

Musicians

Musicians comprised trumpeters and one kettle-drummer. They were dressed in reverse colours and probably had swallow nests at the shoulders. Staff trumpeter probably carried NCO distinctives.

The kettle-drums were made of copper.

The kettle-drum apron and trumpet banners were white, probably fringed in gold, and carried the White Horse on a red ground within the Garter; the motto “NEC ASPERA TERRENT” underneath

Standards

The regiment carried one Leibstandarte and one regimental standard.

Colonel Standard (Leibstandarte): white field, the metal of the embroideries and fringe is not specified in any of the sources that we consulted (we illustrated golden embroideries and fringe since the uniform had brass buttons)

  • obverse: centre device consisting of the Silver Horse on a red ground within the Garter with the motto “DIEU ET MON DROIT” underneath
  • reverse: centre device consisting of a silver column with uneven gold scales; a drawn sword on the scales; a trophy of arms below the column and the motto “PRO LEGE ET GREGE” underneath
Leib Standard – Source: rf-figuren

Regimental Standard: white field, the metal of the embroideries and fringe is not specified in any of the sources that we consulted (we illustrated golden embroideries and fringe since the uniform had brass buttons)

  • obverse: centre device consisting of a White Horse on a red ground; the motto “DIEU ET MON DROIT” underneath
  • reverse: centre device consisting of a column with two uneven gold scales; a drawn sword on the scales; a trophy of arms below the column and the motto “PRO LEGE ET GREGE” underneath
Regimental Standard – Source: rf-figuren

References

Manley, S., Uniforms of the Danish and German States' Armies 1739 - 1748, Potsdam Publications

Pengel & Hurt, German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Rogge, Christian, The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006