Hampton Court (70)
Origin and History
The ship was built at Rotherhithe and launched in 1709.
In November 1739, the ship took part in the attack on Porto Bello.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the ship captured the French privateer Lys (32) on December 11 1745 and brought her back into Plymouth. In March 1747, along with other British ships, she took part to the capture of two French privateers: the Comte de Lowendahl (20) and the Neptune.
During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:
- 1756: captain James Webb
- February 1758: captain Augustus John Hervey
The ship was broken up in 1774.
Service during the War
In the latter part of May 1756, the ship was part of commodore Broderick's squadron of 5 ships of the line which had been sent from Great Britain to the Mediterranean to reinforce Byng fleet. The squadron arrived at Gibraltar on June 15 where it joined Byng's fleet which had been defeated at the battle of Minorca on May 20.
At the beginning of 1758, a British squadron of 11 ships of the line and 9 frigates operated in the Mediterranean under the command of admiral Henry Osborn. This squadron intercepted a smaller French squadron which had sailed from Toulon for North America, forcing it to take refuge in the harbour of Cartagena. In February, the French sent a relief squadron (only 5 ships of the line and a frigate) under M. Duquesne. On February 28, Osborn off Cape de Gata, Osborn sighted 4 of these sail near his fleet and ordered them to be chased while the main part of the British squadron continued off Carthagena to watch the French ships there. The Monmouth (64), along with the Swiftsure (70) and the Hampton Court (70) chased the largest of the enemy, the Foudroyant (80). The Hampton Court get up too late to take part to the engagement which resulted in the capture of the Foudroyant.
To do campaigns from 1759 to 1762
|Guns||70 (listed as a 64 by Clowes for the campaign of 1756)
Clowes, Wm. Laird, The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present, Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, pp. 146-160
Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.