Hauß Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hanoverian Army >> Hauß Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1665 under the name of "von Rastenfeldt". It later entered into Hanoverian service and garrisoned at Nienburg.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • since 1742: von Caupe
  • from 1746: von Hauß
  • from 1758: von Linstrow (also designated as von Lintzow in some publications)
  • from 1759: von Plessen

Service during the War

On February 23 1758, at 7:00 a.m., during the Allied winter offensive in Western Germany, the regiment was part of a detachment under the command of the Hereditary Prince who advanced on Hoya. It passed the Weser on boats and attacked the town. On May 26, the regiment was with Ferdinand's main force in the camp of Nottuln. On May 31, it accompanied Ferdinand in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 12, during the aborted attack on the French positions at Rheinberg, the regiment was in the second vanguard of the second column of attack under Major Stockhausen. On June 23, the regiment took part in the Battle of Krefeld where it was deployed on the left wing under the command of Lieutenant-General von Spörcken. On October 10, the regiment fought in the Battle of Lutterberg where it was deployed in the first line of the centre. It took its winter-quarters in Fürstenau.

During the first half of 1759, the regiment formed part of the Allied army of Ferdinand of Brunswick. It was attached to Linstrow's Brigade in the second line of the infantry centre. On April 13, it took part in the Battle of Bergen where it formed part of the second column under the Prince von Ysenburg, on the left wing of the Anglo-Allied army. Prinz Ysenburg, who had been a rallying point for Hessian resistance against the French, fell leading repeated assaults up a steep slope against the abattis surrounding the village. The French units in Bergen were strengthened by a reserve who blunted these repeated attacks. After repeated attempts to storm the village of Bergen, the Hanoverian and Hessian troops withdrew. In June, the regiment was part of Imhoff's Corps operating in Hesse. On July 30, Gilsa marched from the Allied camp near Minden at the head of 3 bns, including this regiment, to take post at Lübbecke to maintain communication with the Hereditary Prince. On August 1, the regiment was present at the Battle of Minden where it was deployed in Gilsa's detachment at Lübbecke.

On July 10 1760, the regiment fought in the combat of Corbach where it formed part of the right column under Lieutenant-General Count von Kilmannsegg.

On February 15 1761, the regiment took part in the Combat of Langensalza.

By May 23 1762, the regiment served with the main Allied army where it was attached to Lieutenant-General von Gilsa's Division. On June 24, it took part in the Battle of Wilhelmsthal. On July 23, it fought in the Combat of Lutterberg, covering the retreat of the Allied army after this coup-de-main.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced yellow with red and yellow pompoms and a black cockade with a sprig of oak leaves.
Grenadier
Hauß Infantry Grenadier Mitre Cap - Source: Hannoverdidi
Prussian mitre in the British pattern with a small front flap. Straw front and small red flap with white decorations. On the front was a plate with the Hanoverian White Horse inside a garter below a gold crown all on a red field. The small flap had a white border, bomb and scroll work, red sack, straw back base all piped in yellow lace.
Neck stock black
Coat red with 2 brass buttons and 2 yellow buttonholes under the lapels
Collar none
Shoulder Strap red (left shoulder only)
Lapels straw, each with 7 brass buttons and 7 yellow buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 brass buttons and 2 yellow buttonholes
Cuffs straw (slashed in the British pattern), each with 3 brass buttons and 2 yellow buttonholes just above each cuff on the sleeves
Turnbacks straw fastened with a brass button
Waistcoat straw with 2 horizontal pockets, each with 3 brass buttons
Breeches straw
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black


Troopers were armed with a musket and a sword (brass hilt), and carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Officers

Officers had gold lining the cuffs and lapels, a black cockade hat, a gold gorget with the arms of Hanover in the centre and carried a yellow sash slung over the right shoulder. Sergeants wore straw gloves. Partizans were carried.

Musicians

Drummers wore a red coat with swallows nest and lace in yellow.

The drum pattern had hoops in alternating straw and red diagonal stripes, white drum cords over a brass drum with the Arms of Hanover in the centre. The belt was red laced white.

Colours

Colonel Colour: white field bearing the arms of Hanover (common to all Hanoverian infantry regiments except 10-B).

Colonel Colour - Source: Hannoverdidi

Regimental Colour: pale straw field; centre device consisting of a red pyramid with blue serpent, surmounted by a white scroll carrying the motto PER ARDUA VIRTUS; corner devices consisting of bursting grenades. Hereafter, we present an illustration from the Reitzenstein Sammlung, dating from circa 1761 (left) and the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).

Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of the Reitzenstein Sammlung (circa 1761)
Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of user Hannoverdidi

References

Biles, Bill: The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3

Gmundener Prachtwerk, circa 1761

Knötel, H. der Jung, and Hans M. Brauer: Uniformbogen Nr. 45, Berlin

Pengel, R., and G. R. Hurt: German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Vial J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar