Haynault Infanterie

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Origin and History

The regiment was created on September 4 1684. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.

During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment occupied Lorraine in 1733. In 1734, it was at Philippsburg.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment served in Flanders from 1742 to 1748.

The regiment counted two battalions.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 73rd and was under the command of:

  • since January 1 1748 until December 1762: marquis de Sablé

The regiment was disbanded on November 25 1762. Its grenadiers and officers were incorporated into the Grenadiers de France while its sergeants, corporals, fusiliers and drummers were offered the opportunity to serve at Saint-Domingue in the colonies by joining the Boulonnais, Foix or Quercy regiments.

Service during the War

In 1756, the regiment took part to the French expedition against Minorca. On April 20, it was sent ahead under the prince de Beauvau to maintain communication with an advanced party of grenadiers.

By August 1 1757, the regiment was garrisoning Toulon in Provence.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes militaires 1758,
and Etat militaire 1761
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade

towards 1759, bearskins became increasingly common among grenadiers

Neckstock black
Coat grey-white
Collar none (red in 1761)
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets in the shape of a half escutcheon (9 copper buttons on each pocket)
Cuffs red with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat red
Breeches grey-white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

n/a

Colours

The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross, the first and fourth cantons were blue with two aurore (light orange) vertical triangles pointing outwards and the second and third cantons aurore (light orange) with two blue vertical triangles pointing outwards.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé

Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre