Origin and History
The regiment was created on September 4 1684. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments.
During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment occupied Lorraine in 1733. In 1734, it was at Philippsburg.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment served in Flanders from 1742 to 1748.
The regiment counted two battalions.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 73rd and was under the command of:
- since January 1 1748 until December 1762: marquis de Sablé
The regiment was disbanded on November 25 1762. Its grenadiers and officers were incorporated into the Grenadiers de France while its sergeants, corporals, fusiliers and drummers were offered the opportunity to serve at Saint-Domingue in the colonies by joining the Boulonnais, Foix or Quercy regiments.
Service during the War
In 1756, the regiment took part to the French expedition against Minorca. On April 20, it was sent ahead under the prince de Beauvau to maintain communication with an advanced party of grenadiers.
By August 1 1757, the regiment was garrisoning Toulon in Provence.
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross, the first and fourth cantons were blue with two aurore (light orange) vertical triangles pointing outwards and the second and third cantons aurore (light orange) with two blue vertical triangles pointing outwards.
Menguy, Patrice; Les Sujets du Bien Aimé
Mouillard, Lucien, Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891
Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre