Herzog Clemenz Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Bavarian Army >> Herzog Clemenz Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment consisted of 2 battalions. Each of these battalions counted 4 fusilier companies (140 men each) and 1 grenadier company (100 men). Furthermore, each battalion had 2 light 4-pdr battalion guns.

Since June 20 1756, the garrison place of the regiment was Straubing. In July 1757, it recruited in Landshut. In May 1758, it recruited in Straubing.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment Inhaber was:

  • since May 23 1738: Duke Clemenz of Bavaria
  • from August 12 1770: Lieutenant-general Ludwig Count Holnstein aus Bayern

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • since 1736: Colonel Franz Emanuel Baron von Lerchenfeld
  • from 1756 to 1758: Colonel Joseph Gerhard Count von Rambaldi
  • from 1758 to 1763: Colonel Franz Martin de la Colonie
  • in 1763: Colonel Ernst von Schober

On September 29 1764, the regiment was transferred to Ingolstadt to assume garrison duty.

Service during the War

In April 1757, the first battalion of the regiment was assigned to the Auxiliary Corps which was being assembled to serve with the Austrian Army on the basis of a subsidy contract settled with France on March 29. In July, its second battalion also joined this Auxiliary Corps which was assigned to the Austrian corps under the command of Count Nádasdy. In October, the regiment took part to the siege and capture of Schweidnitz. On November 22, both battalions were at the battle of Breslau where they formed part of the corps of Count Seyssel d’Aix on the right wing of the second line. A few weeks later, on December 5 at the battle of Leuthen, the regiment was part of Nádasdy's corps on the left wing. It was deployed in the center of this corps in the first line between the Leibregiment (on the left) and Preysing Infantry (on the right) near the Württemberger contingent whose fate they shared, being routed by the Prussian troops who attacked the flank of the left wing.

In April 1758, each Bavarian regiment contributed 1 company of fusiliers and 1 company of grenadiers to a converged regiment placed under the command of Colonel de la Rosée. During the siege of Olmütz, this converged regiment distinguished itself against the Prussian besiegers but it lost more than 100 men in these combats. In July, the various companies forming this converged regiment rejoined their respective units. In August, the Herzog Clemenz regiment took part to the siege of Neisse. After the withdrawal of the Prussians, the regiment counted only some 1,000 men.

In January 1759, the regiment returned to Straubing, its garrison place while one of its companies of grenadiers assumed garrison duty in Stadtamthof. The regiment remained in Bavaria till the end of the war.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: rf-figuren
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white
Grenadier Austrian style bearskin with a red bag laced white with a white tassel
Neckstock red
Coat Austrian style blue coat with 3 yellow buttons under the lapel and 1 yellow button in the small of the back
Collar light red
Shoulder Straps blue fastened with a small yellow button (on the left shoulder)
Lapels light red with 8 yellow buttons
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 yellow buttons
Cuffs light red with 3 yellow buttons
Turnbacks light red
Waistcoat light red with yellow buttons
Breeches blue
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard none
Footgear black shoes


Other interpretations

Both Gillardone and Schirmer illustrate yellow distinctive, yellow waistcoat and white buttons.

Stadlinger illustrates white or straw breeches.

Officers

The officers were distinguished by a silver lace on the tricorne which was also decorated with a black cockade fastened with a silver lace, and a silver gorget decorated with golden arms of Bavaria.

The horses of the mounted officers had a red shabraques and red pistol covers, all trimmed in yellow.

Musicians

Drummers wore the uniform of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • white/blue woollen chevrons on the sleeves
  • white/blue laced swallow nest at the shoulders
  • white/blue laced cuffs

White bandolier edged white/blue.

The white drum barrel was decorated with blue flames and with the crowned arms of Bavaria. The hoops were decorated with white and blue stripes.

Colours

Bavarian regiments carried 2 colours per battalion. The first battalion of each regiment carried the Leibfahne and a Kompaniefahne while other battalions carried two Kompaniefahne.

Colonel Flag - Source: Volker Scholz and Richard Couture from a template by PMPdeL
Ordonnance Flag - Source: PMPdeL


N.B.: the colour of the robe of the Madonna could vary from one regiment to another

References

Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D., Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. I. Teil: Zusammensetzung und Organisation, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J

Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D.; Weirich, W.-D., Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. II. Teil: Die einzelnen Einheiten, ihre Stärke, Zusammensetzung, Uniform und Feldzeichen, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.

Funken, Liliane and Fred, Historische Uniformen, Vol. 2

Military Miniatures Magazin

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, hrsg. von der KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, überarb. u. aktual. Neuauflage 1989

Staudinger, Karl, Geschichte des kurbayerischen Heeres unter Kurfürst Karl Albrecht - Kaiser Karl VII. - und Max III. Joseph 1726 - 1777, (Geschichte des bayerischen Heeres 3), J. Lindauer, Munich, 1909

Acknowledgments

rf-figuren for the initial version of this article