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(Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> ==Origin and History== The un...")
 
(Added info from the work of the Grosser Generalstab and Hohrath)
 
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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
The unit was incorporated into the Prussian Army on September 28 1741 as a dragoon regiment. It already existed since 1734 but was in the Württemberg service as a cuirassier regiment designated as “Kürassier-Regiment Duchess Marie Auguste”.
+
The unit was incorporated into the Prussian Army on September 28, 1741 as a dragoon regiment. It already existed since 1734 but was in the Württemberg service as a cuirassier regiment designated as “Kürassier-Regiment Duchess Marie Auguste”. In June 1742, the regiment arrived at Berlin. It was then stationed in Eastern Pomerania where, until 1784, it garrisoned Greifenberg, Massow, Naugard, Treptow an Rega and Wollin. It levied its recruits in the districts of Bütow, Lauenburg and Rummelsburg.
 +
 
 +
In 1744, during the [[War of the Austrian Succession]] (1740-48), the regiment ook part in the occupation of Prague; and in 1745, in the battles of Hohenfriedberg and Soor.
  
 
At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted 5 squadrons.
 
At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted 5 squadrons.
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:  
*since June 8 1749 until July 9 1769: Friedrich Eugen Duke of Württemberg  
+
*from June 8, 1749 until July 9, 1769: Friedrich Eugen Duke of Württemberg  
  
The regiment was disbanded on November 7 1806 after the capitulation of Ratekau.
+
The regiment was disbanded on November 7, 1806 after the capitulation of Ratekau.
  
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
 
On August 26 1756, when the Prussian Army proceeded to the [[1756 - Prussian invasion of Saxony|invasion of Saxony]], the regiment was part of the centre column led by [[Frederick II]]. More precisely, it belonged to [[Anhalt-Dessau, Moritz, prince von|Prince Moritz]]'s Corps. The centre column had concentrated in the area of Brietzen and advanced unopposed upstream along the Elbe River by Torgau and Wittenberg, leaving Meissen to its left. On September 6, it encamped at Rothschönberg and finally reached Wilsdruf. On September 10, it joined the army of Prince Moritz von Anhalt-Dessau blockading Pirna. On October 17, after the [[1756 - Prussian invasion of Saxony|capitulation of the Saxon Army at Pirna]], the 4 squadrons (each counting 6 officers, 8 NCOs, 2 drummers, 100 troopers and 1 farrier) of the Saxon [[Graf Rutowsky Light Dragoons]] were forcibly incorporated into the regiment as a second battalion. Exceptionally, the former Saxon regiment retained its red uniforms.
 
On August 26 1756, when the Prussian Army proceeded to the [[1756 - Prussian invasion of Saxony|invasion of Saxony]], the regiment was part of the centre column led by [[Frederick II]]. More precisely, it belonged to [[Anhalt-Dessau, Moritz, prince von|Prince Moritz]]'s Corps. The centre column had concentrated in the area of Brietzen and advanced unopposed upstream along the Elbe River by Torgau and Wittenberg, leaving Meissen to its left. On September 6, it encamped at Rothschönberg and finally reached Wilsdruf. On September 10, it joined the army of Prince Moritz von Anhalt-Dessau blockading Pirna. On October 17, after the [[1756 - Prussian invasion of Saxony|capitulation of the Saxon Army at Pirna]], the 4 squadrons (each counting 6 officers, 8 NCOs, 2 drummers, 100 troopers and 1 farrier) of the Saxon [[Graf Rutowsky Light Dragoons]] were forcibly incorporated into the regiment as a second battalion. Exceptionally, the former Saxon regiment retained its red uniforms.
  
In April 1757, this second battalion was disbanded because of heavy desertion. On April 21, at the [[1757-04-21 - Combat of Reichenberg|Combat of Reichenberg]], the regiment was deployed in the second line of Duke of Brunswick-Bevern's force. While the Prussian infantry was assaulting the Austrian abatis, Bevern ordered the regiment along with [[Normann Dragoons]] and [[Oertzen Dragoons|Katte Dragoons]] to attack the Austrian cavalry, which they completely routed. During the ensuing pursuit, the Prussian dragoons exposed their right flank to the fire of the Austrian infantry which had retired behind the second abatis. The Prussian dragoons suffered considerable losses and were thrown into disorder. The Austrian cavalry took advantage of this to set itself in order and to attack the Prussian cavalry, throwing it back. The sudden attack of the [[Puttkamer Hussars]] on the flank of the pursuing Austrian cavalry, allowed the Prussian dragoons to rally and to counterattack, putting their opponent to flight. On May 6, the regiment took part in the [[1757-05-06 - Battle of Prague|Battle of Prague]] where it was deployed in the second line of the left wing under the Prince Schönaich. On September 7, when an Austrian force under the command of [[Nádasdy auf Fogaras, Franz Leopold von|General Nádasdy]] attacked [[Winterfeldt, Hans Karl von|Winterfeldt]]'s isolated corps in the [[1757-09-07 - Combat of Moys|Combat of Moys]], the regiment was deployed in the second line on the extreme left wing. On November 22, the regiment took part in the [[1757-11-22 - Battle of Breslau|Battle of Breslau]] where it was deployed in the Prince of Württemberg's Brigade, in the second line of the left wing under [[Zieten, Hans Joachim von|Lieutenant-general von Zieten]]. On December 5 at the [[1757-12-05 - Battle of Leuthen|Battle of Leuthen]], the regiment was deployed in the vanguard.  
+
In April 1757, this second battalion was disbanded because of heavy desertion and its remaining troops distributed among [[Truchseß Dragoons|Meinicke Dragoons]], [[Oertzen Dragoons|Katte Dragoons]], [[Zieten Hussars]], [[Puttkamer Hussars]], [[Wartenberg Hussars]] and [[Wechmar Hussars|Werner Hussars]]. In April, the regiment took part in the [[1757 - Prussian invasion of Bohemia|invasion of Bohemia]]. On April 21, at the [[1757-04-21 - Combat of Reichenberg|Combat of Reichenberg]], the regiment was deployed in the second line of the [[Braunschweig-Bevern, August Wilhelm, Duke of|Duke of Brunswick-Bevern]]'s force. While the Prussian infantry was assaulting the Austrian abatis, Bevern ordered the regiment along with [[Normann Dragoons]] and [[Oertzen Dragoons|Katte Dragoons]] to attack the Austrian cavalry, which they completely routed. During the ensuing pursuit, the Prussian dragoons exposed their right flank to the fire of the Austrian infantry which had retired behind the second abatis. The Prussian dragoons suffered considerable losses and were thrown into disorder. The Austrian cavalry took advantage of this to set itself in order and to attack the Prussian cavalry, throwing it back. The sudden attack of the [[Puttkamer Hussars]] on the flank of the pursuing Austrian cavalry, allowed the Prussian dragoons to rally and to counterattack, putting their opponent to flight. On May 6, the regiment took part in the [[1757-05-06 - Battle of Prague|Battle of Prague]] where it was deployed in the second line of the left wing under the Prince Schönaich. On September 7, when an Austrian force under the command of [[Nádasdy auf Fogaras, Franz Leopold von|General Nádasdy]] attacked [[Winterfeldt, Hans Karl von|Winterfeldt]]'s isolated corps in the [[1757-09-07 - Combat of Moys|Combat of Moys]], the regiment was deployed in the second line on the extreme left wing. On November 22, the regiment took part in the [[1757-11-22 - Battle of Breslau|Battle of Breslau]] where it was deployed in the Prince of Württemberg's Brigade, in the second line of the left wing under [[Zieten, Hans Joachim von|Lieutenant-General von Zieten]]. On December 5 at the [[1757-12-05 - Battle of Leuthen|Battle of Leuthen]], the regiment was deployed in the vanguard.  
  
On July 29 1758, during the Prussian retreat after the failed [[1758 - Prussian invasion of Moravia|invasion of Moravia]], the regiment covered the crossing of the Mettau by the main army. On October 14, it was present at the [[1758-10-14 - Battle of Hochkirch|Battle of Hochkirch]] where it covered the retreat of the Prussian Army.
+
On July 29, 1758, during the Prussian retreat after the failed [[1758 - Prussian invasion of Moravia|invasion of Moravia]], the regiment covered the crossing of the Mettau by the main army. On October 14, it was present at the [[1758-10-14 - Battle of Hochkirch|Battle of Hochkirch]] where it covered the retreat of the Prussian Army.
  
On September 25 1759, the regiment fought at Hoyerswerda. On October 29, it took part in the engagement at Pretzsch. On November 20, 4 squadrons of the regiment took part in the [[1759-11-20 - Battle of Maxen|Battle of Maxen]] where they were attached to Platen's Brigade deployed on the extreme right of the Prussian positions. Completely surrounded, the entire Prussian force finally surrendered as prisoners of war.
+
On September 25, 1759, the regiment fought at Hoyerswerda. On October 29, it took part in the engagement at Pretsch. On November 20, 4 squadrons of the regiment took part in the [[1759-11-20 - Battle of Maxen|Battle of Maxen]] where they were attached to Platen's Brigade deployed on the extreme right of the Prussian positions. Completely surrounded, the entire Prussian force finally surrendered as prisoners of war.
  
On November 3, 1760, the regiment took part in the [[1760-11-03 - Battle of Torgau|Battle of Torgau]].
+
In the summer of 1760, the regiment was brought back its full strength of 5 squadrons. On November 3, it took part in the [[1760-11-03 - Battle of Torgau|Battle of Torgau]].
  
On July 21 1762, the regiment was at the [[1762-07-21 - Battle of Burkersdorf|Battle of Burkersdorf]]. On August 16, it fought in the [[1762-08-16 - Battle of Reichenbach|Battle of Reichenbach]].  
+
In 1761, the regiment took part in various combats during the [[1761 - Siege of Colberg|Siege of Colberg]]: on October 22, in the [[1761-10-22 - Combat of Gollnow|Combat of Gollnow]]; on December 12, in the [[1761-12-12 - Combat of Spie|Combat of Spie]].
  
To do: more details on the campaigns from 1760 to 1762
+
In 1762, the regiment campaigned in Silesia. On July 21, it was at the [[1762-07-21 - Battle of Burkersdorf|Battle of Burkersdorf]]. On August 16, it fought in the [[1762-08-16 - Battle of Reichenbach|Battle of Reichenbach]]. It then covered the [[1762 - Siege of Schweidnitz|Siege of Schweidnitz]] which surrendered on October 9.
  
 
==Uniform==
 
==Uniform==
Line 36: Line 38:
 
N.B.: for combat, the tricorne was reinforced with an iron cap
 
N.B.: for combat, the tricorne was reinforced with an iron cap
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Neckstock'''||black
+
|'''Neck&nbsp;stock'''||black
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Coat'''||cobalt blue with 2 white buttons under the lapel and 3 white buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks  
+
|'''Coat'''||cobalt blue with straw lining and with 2 white buttons under the lapel and 3 white buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks  
 
{| class="tblunin"
 
{| class="tblunin"
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Collar'''||black
 
|'''Collar'''||black
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Shoulder strap'''||left shoulder: blue fastened with a white button<br/>right shoulder: white with a white aiguillette
+
|'''Shoulder strap'''||left shoulder: blue fastened with a white button<br>right shoulder: white aiguillette
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Lapels'''||black with 6 white buttons grouped 2 by 2
 
|'''Lapels'''||black with 6 white buttons grouped 2 by 2
Line 87: Line 89:
  
 
Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.
 
Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.
 +
===NCOs===
  
 +
NCOs wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following exceptions:
 +
*black within white pompoms in the lateral "cornes" of the tricorne
 +
*silver lace edging the cuffs
 
===Officers===
 
===Officers===
 
[[File:Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons Officer Lace.jpg|left|frame|Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons Officer Lace - Source: Kling, C., ''Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres'']]
 
[[File:Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons Officer Lace.jpg|left|frame|Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons Officer Lace - Source: Kling, C., ''Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres'']]
 
The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:  
 
The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:  
 
*black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade (attached with a silver clip) and red and silver pompoms
 
*black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade (attached with a silver clip) and red and silver pompoms
*8 silver buttonholes
+
*a silver aiguillette on the right shoulder
<br clear="all"/>
+
*silver embroidery loops
 +
**6 on each lapel
 +
**2 under each lapel at the waist
 +
**1 on each side in the small of the back
 +
**1 on each side on the left and right of the waist button
 +
**2 on each pocket
 +
**2 on each cuff
 +
<br clear="all">
 
===Musicians===
 
===Musicians===
 
[[File:Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons Drummer Lace.jpg|right|frame|Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons Drummer Lace - Source: Kling, C., ''Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres'']]
 
[[File:Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons Drummer Lace.jpg|right|frame|Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons Drummer Lace - Source: Kling, C., ''Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres'']]
Drummers of the regiments wore the same uniform as the troopers but decorated on the seams with a braid at the livery of Württemberg (white braid bordered by 2 outer red braids and 2 inner yellow braids, with a ventral pattern of red and black decorations).
+
Drummers of the regiments wore the same uniform as the troopers but decorated around the lapels and the edges of the front, the rear, the side waist slit, the pocket flaps, the cuffs and the shoulders with a braid at the livery of Württemberg (white braid bordered by 2 outer red braids and 2 inner yellow braids, with a ventral pattern of red and black decorations).
<br clear="all"/>
+
<br clear="all">
 
==Colours==
 
==Colours==
 
Standards were made of damask. They were swallow-tailed and measured some 50 cm along the pole,  65 cm from the pole to the extremity of a point and 50 cm from the pole to the centre of the indentation. The cords and knots were of silver threads. The pole of the standard was a  tournament lance (same colour as the field of the standard) reinforced with iron hinges. The golden spearhead wore the crowned monogram of Frédéric (FR).
 
Standards were made of damask. They were swallow-tailed and measured some 50 cm along the pole,  65 cm from the pole to the extremity of a point and 50 cm from the pole to the centre of the indentation. The cords and knots were of silver threads. The pole of the standard was a  tournament lance (same colour as the field of the standard) reinforced with iron hinges. The golden spearhead wore the crowned monogram of Frédéric (FR).
Line 113: Line 126:
 
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''
 
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''
  
Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II, ''Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen'', Part 3 ''Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763'', Vol. 1 ''Pirna und Lobositz'', Berlin, 1901, p. 124
+
Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II, ''Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen'', Part 3 ''Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763'', Vol. 1 ''Pirna und Lobositz'', Berlin, 1901, p. 124, Appendix 1
  
Nelke, R.: [http://www.preussenweb.de/ Preussen]
+
Hohrath, Daniel: ''The Uniforms of the Prussian Army under Frederick the Great from 1740 to 1786''; Vol. 2; Verlag Militaria, Vienna: 2011, pp. 608-613
  
 
Vial, J. L.: [http://vial.jean.free.fr/new_npi/ Nec Pluribus Impar]
 
Vial, J. L.: [http://vial.jean.free.fr/new_npi/ Nec Pluribus Impar]

Latest revision as of 14:54, 1 June 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons

Origin and History

The unit was incorporated into the Prussian Army on September 28, 1741 as a dragoon regiment. It already existed since 1734 but was in the Württemberg service as a cuirassier regiment designated as “Kürassier-Regiment Duchess Marie Auguste”. In June 1742, the regiment arrived at Berlin. It was then stationed in Eastern Pomerania where, until 1784, it garrisoned Greifenberg, Massow, Naugard, Treptow an Rega and Wollin. It levied its recruits in the districts of Bütow, Lauenburg and Rummelsburg.

In 1744, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment ook part in the occupation of Prague; and in 1745, in the battles of Hohenfriedberg and Soor.

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted 5 squadrons.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from June 8, 1749 until July 9, 1769: Friedrich Eugen Duke of Württemberg

The regiment was disbanded on November 7, 1806 after the capitulation of Ratekau.

Service during the War

On August 26 1756, when the Prussian Army proceeded to the invasion of Saxony, the regiment was part of the centre column led by Frederick II. More precisely, it belonged to Prince Moritz's Corps. The centre column had concentrated in the area of Brietzen and advanced unopposed upstream along the Elbe River by Torgau and Wittenberg, leaving Meissen to its left. On September 6, it encamped at Rothschönberg and finally reached Wilsdruf. On September 10, it joined the army of Prince Moritz von Anhalt-Dessau blockading Pirna. On October 17, after the capitulation of the Saxon Army at Pirna, the 4 squadrons (each counting 6 officers, 8 NCOs, 2 drummers, 100 troopers and 1 farrier) of the Saxon Graf Rutowsky Light Dragoons were forcibly incorporated into the regiment as a second battalion. Exceptionally, the former Saxon regiment retained its red uniforms.

In April 1757, this second battalion was disbanded because of heavy desertion and its remaining troops distributed among Meinicke Dragoons, Katte Dragoons, Zieten Hussars, Puttkamer Hussars, Wartenberg Hussars and Werner Hussars. In April, the regiment took part in the invasion of Bohemia. On April 21, at the Combat of Reichenberg, the regiment was deployed in the second line of the Duke of Brunswick-Bevern's force. While the Prussian infantry was assaulting the Austrian abatis, Bevern ordered the regiment along with Normann Dragoons and Katte Dragoons to attack the Austrian cavalry, which they completely routed. During the ensuing pursuit, the Prussian dragoons exposed their right flank to the fire of the Austrian infantry which had retired behind the second abatis. The Prussian dragoons suffered considerable losses and were thrown into disorder. The Austrian cavalry took advantage of this to set itself in order and to attack the Prussian cavalry, throwing it back. The sudden attack of the Puttkamer Hussars on the flank of the pursuing Austrian cavalry, allowed the Prussian dragoons to rally and to counterattack, putting their opponent to flight. On May 6, the regiment took part in the Battle of Prague where it was deployed in the second line of the left wing under the Prince Schönaich. On September 7, when an Austrian force under the command of General Nádasdy attacked Winterfeldt's isolated corps in the Combat of Moys, the regiment was deployed in the second line on the extreme left wing. On November 22, the regiment took part in the Battle of Breslau where it was deployed in the Prince of Württemberg's Brigade, in the second line of the left wing under Lieutenant-General von Zieten. On December 5 at the Battle of Leuthen, the regiment was deployed in the vanguard.

On July 29, 1758, during the Prussian retreat after the failed invasion of Moravia, the regiment covered the crossing of the Mettau by the main army. On October 14, it was present at the Battle of Hochkirch where it covered the retreat of the Prussian Army.

On September 25, 1759, the regiment fought at Hoyerswerda. On October 29, it took part in the engagement at Pretsch. On November 20, 4 squadrons of the regiment took part in the Battle of Maxen where they were attached to Platen's Brigade deployed on the extreme right of the Prussian positions. Completely surrounded, the entire Prussian force finally surrendered as prisoners of war.

In the summer of 1760, the regiment was brought back its full strength of 5 squadrons. On November 3, it took part in the Battle of Torgau.

In 1761, the regiment took part in various combats during the Siege of Colberg: on October 22, in the Combat of Gollnow; on December 12, in the Combat of Spie.

In 1762, the regiment campaigned in Silesia. On July 21, it was at the Battle of Burkersdorf. On August 16, it fought in the Battle of Reichenbach. It then covered the Siege of Schweidnitz which surrendered on October 9.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1757
Headgear black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small white button and straw yellow pompoms

N.B.: for combat, the tricorne was reinforced with an iron cap

Neck stock black
Coat cobalt blue with straw lining and with 2 white buttons under the lapel and 3 white buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar black
Shoulder strap left shoulder: blue fastened with a white button
right shoulder: white aiguillette
Lapels black with 6 white buttons grouped 2 by 2
Pockets horizontal pockets each with 2 white buttons
Cuffs black (Swedish style) with 2 white buttons
Turnbacks straw yellow
Waistcoat straw yellow with one row of small white buttons and horizontal pockets, each with white buttons
Breeches buff
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black leather
Scabbard brown leather
Bayonet scabbard brown leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red with rounded corners; bordered with a wide white braid
Housings red with pointed corners; bordered with a wide white braid
Blanket roll cobalt blue


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.

NCOs

NCOs wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following exceptions:

  • black within white pompoms in the lateral "cornes" of the tricorne
  • silver lace edging the cuffs

Officers

Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons Officer Lace - Source: Kling, C., Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres

The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade (attached with a silver clip) and red and silver pompoms
  • a silver aiguillette on the right shoulder
  • silver embroidery loops
    • 6 on each lapel
    • 2 under each lapel at the waist
    • 1 on each side in the small of the back
    • 1 on each side on the left and right of the waist button
    • 2 on each pocket
    • 2 on each cuff


Musicians

Herzog von Württemberg Dragoons Drummer Lace - Source: Kling, C., Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres

Drummers of the regiments wore the same uniform as the troopers but decorated around the lapels and the edges of the front, the rear, the side waist slit, the pocket flaps, the cuffs and the shoulders with a braid at the livery of Württemberg (white braid bordered by 2 outer red braids and 2 inner yellow braids, with a ventral pattern of red and black decorations).

Colours

Standards were made of damask. They were swallow-tailed and measured some 50 cm along the pole, 65 cm from the pole to the extremity of a point and 50 cm from the pole to the centre of the indentation. The cords and knots were of silver threads. The pole of the standard was a tournament lance (same colour as the field of the standard) reinforced with iron hinges. The golden spearhead wore the crowned monogram of Frédéric (FR).

Colonel Standard (Leibstandarte): white field, fringed silver with a red central medallion surrounded by a silver laurel wreath and decorated with an armed black eagle surmounted by a white scroll laced silver bearing the silver motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Decoration in silver in each corner (crowns, laurel wreaths and “FR” ciphers). Squadron Standard (Eskadronstandarte): red field, fringed silver with a silver central medallion surrounded by a silver laurel wreath and decorated with an armed black eagle surmounted by red scroll laced silver bearing the silver motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Decoration in silver in each corner (crowns, laurel wreaths and “FR” ciphers).
Colonel Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert
Squadron Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert

References

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II, Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und Lobositz, Berlin, 1901, p. 124, Appendix 1

Hohrath, Daniel: The Uniforms of the Prussian Army under Frederick the Great from 1740 to 1786; Vol. 2; Verlag Militaria, Vienna: 2011, pp. 608-613

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.