Hesse-Darmstadt Army

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Introduction

Various units of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1750. - Source: Richard Knötel Uniformkunde

The history of the Hessen-Darmstadt military establishment began in the XVIth century; on March 21 1621, when the Leib-Regiment was raised.

Guard

Leibgarde zu Pferde
Garde des Dragons

Leibgrenadiercorps

Line Infantry

Organisation

Generalities about the uniforms

No information available yet.

Generalities about the colours

Until the French Revolution, Hessen-Darmstadt infantry wore the national colours red, white and blue; each company carrying its own colour.

Units

Leib-Grenadier-Garde
Erbprinz
Prinz Georg

Militia

From 1699 to January 23, 1791 there were 4 Land-Bataillone. Each of them consisted of 4 companies of 125 men. They wore uniforms as for the line infantry.

Fock
Seebach
Nagel
Löwenfeld

Garrison

There were a few garrison companies stationed in the following towns:

Giessen
Marksburg

Heavy Cavalry

There were various regiments of horse raised in the XVth, XVIth and XVIIth centuries, but all were disbanded in 1648. From 1677 to 1678 a contingent of 400 cavalry was raised to serve with the Kreiskontingent for the Holy Roman Empire on the rivers Rhine and Saar.

In 1705 the regiment Franz Ernst Dragoner was raised to fight in the War of the Spanish Succession; it (and the Hessian artillery) were rented out to the electorate of Braunschweig-Lueneburg from 1705 to 1707.

In 1710 the regiment Prinz Friedrich Ernst Dragoner and the newly-raised Erbprinz Regiment zu Pferde, became together the Leib-Regiment zu Pferde, but this was disbanded in 1717.

The first regiment of Chevaulegers of the Hessen-Darmstadt Army, consisting of 4 squadrons, was raised on 6 April, 1790.

Light Troops

The first hussars of the Hessen-Darmstadt Army were raised by landgrave Ludwig VIII in 1763. They had the character of an internal security force.

The first light infantry of the Hessen-Darmstadt Army was the Leichtes-Infanterie-Bataillon von Wrede, of 4 companies raised from the Kreis-Regiment on September 15, 1790.

Artillery

Hessen-Darmstadt Artillery

References

  • Beck, Fritz and Karl von Hahn: Geschichte des Grossherzoglisch Hessischen Feldartillerie-Regiments Nr. 25, Berlin 1899
  • Beck, Fritz: Geschichte der Grossherzoglich Hessischen Fahnen und Standarten, Berlin 1895
  • Bigge, W.: Geschichte des Infanterie-Regiments Kaiser Wilhelm (2. Grossherzoglisch Hessisches) Nr. 116, Berlin 1903
  • Bredow, Claus, von; Wedel, Ernst von: Historische Rang- und Stammliste des deutschen Heeres, Berlin 1905
  • Diersburg, Roeder von: Geschichte des 1. Grossherzoglisch Hessischen Infanterie-(Leibgarde-) Regiments Nr. 115 1621-1899, Berlin 1899
  • Keim, A.: Geschichte des Infanterie-Leibregiments Grossherzogin (3. Grossherzoglisch Hessisches) Nr. 117 und seiner Stammtruppen, Berlin 1903
  • Keim, A.: Geschichte des 4. Grossherzoglisch Hessischen Infanterie-Regiments (Prinz Karl) Nr 118 und seiner Staemme, Berlin 1879
  • Knötel, Richard: Die Hessen-Darmstädtischen Truppen im Jahre 1799, in: Mitteilungen zur Geschichte der militärischen Tracht, no. 3 & 4 (1899), page 10-14
  • Knötel, Richard: Uniformkunde, Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, Rathenow 1890-1921, vol. II, No. 48 Kreis-Regiment 1752; vol. IV, no. 2 Leib-Regiment 1768 - 1790; vol. VIII, no. 1 Leibgarde zu Pferde 1750; vol. VIII, no. 8 Leib-Grenadier und Leib-Grenadier-Garde 1750; vol. VIII, no. 9 Husaren 1763; vol. IX, no. 7 Prinz Friedrich Ernst Dragoner 1717; vol. X, no. 3 Regiment Schrautenbach 1717; vol. XV, no. 2 Four Landbataillone 1777; vol. XIX, no. 7 Kreis-Regiment 1788; vol. XIX, no. 47 Leib-Grenadier-Garde 1788; vol. XX, no. 10 Regiment Landgraf 1788; vol. XX, no. 16 Leib-Grenadier-Garde 1777
  • Pfeiffer, Rainer: Neue Erkenntnisse über das löbl. Hessen-Darmstädtische Infanterie-Regiment Prinz Georg im Feldzugsjahr 1757, in: Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für Hessische Militär- und Zivilgeschichte, no. 4 (2007), page 32-48
  • Schäfer-Wilkens, Klaus: Das Pirmasenser Leibhusarenkorps, in: Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für Hessische Militär- und Zivilgeschichte, no. 3 (2005), page 55-65 and 172-178
  • Schäfer-Wilkens, Klaus: Die vier landgräflich Hessen-Darmstädtischen Landbataillons 1739-1768, in: Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für Hessische Militär- und Zivilgeschichte, no. 4 (2007), page 7-18
  • Wilkens, Klaus: Das Hessen-Darmstädtische Leibgrenadierkorps 1747-1768, in: Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für Hessische Militär- und Zivilgeschichte, no. 2 (2003), page 52-81 and 205-216

Acknowledgments

Digby Smith for the initial version of this article.