Origin and History
The regiment was raised on June 1, 1741.
During the Seven Years' War, the chef of the regiment was:
- no information available yet
On October 19, 1768 the regiment was increased to 2 battalions.
In 1790, the regiment became the Hanau-Lichtenbergisches Grenadier-Bataillon, then the 2nd Leib-Grenadier-Bataillon of 4 companies.
On 1 June 1 1803, the regiment was disbanded, the men going to form the Fusilier-Bataillon of the newly-raised Brigade Landgraf.
Service during the War
The regiment saw no action during the Seven Years' War.
|Coat||dark blue lined red with 2 yellow buttons under the right lapel and 2 white buttonholes with white tassels under each lapel; 1 yellow button and 1 white buttonhole with a white tassel on each side at the small of the back
|Waistcoat||buff with 1 row of yellow buttons and with horizontal pockets|
Privates were armed with a musket (red sling), a bayonet and a sabre.
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:
- cuffs edged silver
- buff gauntlets
- silver, red and white sword knots
NCOs carried canes.
The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:
- black tricorne edged in scalloped gold lace
- white neck stock
- silver and gold gorget
- gold twisted loop buttonholes with gold tassels
- no turnbacks
- white silk sash with red and blue stripes worn around the waist, worn under the coat
- buff gauntlets
All company officers carried spontoons and gilt-topped Spanish canes.
no information available yet
Colonel flag (Leibfahne): white field; centre device consisting of the crowned Hessian crest, held by two lions.
Regimental flags (Kompaniefahnen): field consisting of 8 groups of blue, white and red flames; centre device consisting of the crowned, red and white Hessian lion on a blue field within a golden laurel wreath.
The finials bore the crowned double “L”. The staffs were black, the cordons and tassels were red, white and blue.
Beck, Fritz: Geschichte der Grossherzoglich Hessischen Fahnen und Standarten, Berlin 1895.
Bigge, W.: Geschichte des Infanterie-Regiments Kaiser Wilhelm (2. Grossherzoglisch Hessisches) Nr 116, E S Mittler und Sohn, Berlin 1903.
Bredow-Wedel: Historische Rang- und Stammliste des deutschen Heeres three volumes, Verlag August Scherl, Berlin 1905.
Knoetel, Richard: Uniformkunde Lose Blaetter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der Militaerischen Tracht, Verlag von Max Babenzien, Rathenow, 1890 etc. (plate VIII 8 - Hessen-Darmstadt)
Digby Smith for the initial version of this article.