Hessen-Darmstadt Leib-Grenadier-Garde

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hesse-Darmstadt Army >> Hessen-Darmstadt Leib-Grenadier-Garde

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on June 1, 1741.

During the Seven Years' War, the chef of the regiment was:

  • no information available yet

On October 19, 1768 the regiment was increased to 2 battalions.

In 1790, the regiment became the Hanau-Lichtenbergisches Grenadier-Bataillon, then the 2nd Leib-Grenadier-Bataillon of 4 companies.

On 1 June 1 1803, the regiment was disbanded, the men going to form the Fusilier-Bataillon of the newly-raised Brigade Landgraf.

Service during the War

The regiment saw no action during the Seven Years' War.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform of the Leib-Grenadier-Garde in 1750 - Source: Richard Knötel
Uniform Details from 1750
as per Darmstädter Grenadierbilder 1750
Headgear
Hessen-Darmstadt Leib-Grenadier-Garde Mitre Cap in 1750 - Source: Digby Smith and Richard Couture
mitre cap framed in brass on a dark blue background carrying the white Hessian lion (white with 4 red stripes); red bottom label edged in brass carrying the star of the Order of the Black eagle (silver star with a gilt centre bearing a black Pussian eagle) with yellow decorative edging which might have been metal and green leaves; red headband edged in yellow; probably white backing with yellow braid; dark blue within red pompom
Neckstock red
Coat dark blue lined red with 2 yellow buttons under the right lapel and 2 white buttonholes with white tassels under each lapel; 1 yellow button and 1 white buttonhole with a white tassel on each side at the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red fastened by a yellow button (left shoulder only)
Lapels red with 6 yellow buttons and 6 white buttonholes with white tassels grouped 2 by 2
Pockets horizontal pockets with yellow buttons
Cuffs red with 2 yellow buttons and 2 white buttonholes with tassels on each sleeve
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat buff with 1 row of yellow buttons and with horizontal pockets
Breeches buff
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard no information available
Scabbard brown with brass ornaments
Footgear black shoes


Privates were armed with a musket (red sling), a bayonet and a sabre.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:

  • cuffs edged silver
  • buff gauntlets
  • silver, red and white sword knots

NCOs carried canes.

Officers

The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne edged in scalloped gold lace
  • white neck stock
  • silver and gold gorget
  • gold twisted loop buttonholes with gold tassels
  • no turnbacks
  • white silk sash with red and blue stripes worn around the waist, worn under the coat
  • buff gauntlets

All company officers carried spontoons and gilt-topped Spanish canes.

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours (1739-1768)

Colonel flag (Leibfahne): white field; centre device consisting of the crowned Hessian crest, held by two lions.

Regimental flags (Kompaniefahnen): field consisting of 8 groups of blue, white and red flames; centre device consisting of the crowned, red and white Hessian lion on a blue field within a golden laurel wreath.


Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour – Source: PMPdeL

The finials bore the crowned double “L”. The staffs were black, the cordons and tassels were red, white and blue.

References

Beck, Fritz: Geschichte der Grossherzoglich Hessischen Fahnen und Standarten, Berlin 1895.

Bigge, W.: Geschichte des Infanterie-Regiments Kaiser Wilhelm (2. Grossherzoglisch Hessisches) Nr 116, E S Mittler und Sohn, Berlin 1903.

Bredow-Wedel: Historische Rang- und Stammliste des deutschen Heeres three volumes, Verlag August Scherl, Berlin 1905.

Knoetel, Richard: Uniformkunde Lose Blaetter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der Militaerischen Tracht, Verlag von Max Babenzien, Rathenow, 1890 etc. (plate VIII 8 - Hessen-Darmstadt)

Acknowledgments

Digby Smith for the initial version of this article.