Hessen-Darmstadt Leibgarde zu Pferde

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hesse-Darmstadt Army >> Hessen-Darmstadt Leibgarde zu Pferde

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1657 as the Leibgarde zu Pferde. It consisted of three companies, each of 60 men. There were also the cadets and the six companies of Landreiter (gensdarmes) making 360 troopers. In 1666 Oberst vom Baumbach took command of the unit as well as of the foot section of the Garde.

In 1717, a Grenadier Kompagnie zu Pferd (Horse Grenadier Company) was raised. In 1731, this company was converted to the Garde Dragoner (or Garde des Dragons) Regiment.

In 1747, a dismounted Leibgrenadiercorps was raised. By the time of its disbandment in 1768 it counted 260 men.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • no information available yet

In 1768, the regiment was renamed Garde du Corps.

In 1914, the unit was still in existence as the Garde Unteroffizier Kompagnie.

Service during the War

no information available yet

Uniform

Privates

Uniform Details in 1750as per Knötel
Headgear black tricorne with a silver scalloped lace with a black cockade fasted with a silver clip
Neckstock black
Coat dark blue lined red with white metal buttons
Collar none
Shoulder Straps dark blue fastened with a white metal button
Lapels red with white metal buttons and white lace loops and tassels (silver buttonholes for the parade uniform)
Pockets horizontal pockets laced white
Cuffs red with 3 white metal buttons and white lace loops and tassels (silver buttonholes for the parade uniform)
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat buff trimmed with silver, red and blue lace
Breeches buffs
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white bandoliers decorated with red and blue stripes
Waistbelt white decorated with red and blue stripes
Cartridge Box white pouch lid bearing the red and white crowned lion on a blue ground
Scabbard brown leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth blue shabraque trimmed white bearing the arms of Hessen-Darmstadt (red and white crowned lion surmounted by a gold crown and surrounded by white ornaments)
Housings blue holster covers trimmed white bearing the arms of Hessen-Darmstadt (red and white crowned lion surmounted by a gold crown and surrounded by white ornaments)
Blanket roll not applicable


Troopers were armed with a musket and a sword.

In 1768, when the regiment was renamed Garde du Corps, it changed uniform (wonderfully depicted in Knötel's plate no. 2 in volume XV of his Uniformkunde) which was now buff, faced red, with red and silver lace. The regiment retained this uniform until 1790.

Officers

Officers of the regiment had red coats faced and lined blue, no lapels, and ornate gold lace buttonholes.

Musicians

The musicians were clad in the house colours of red, white and blue. They wore blue coats with swallow nests at the shoulders.

Colours

no information available yet

References

Beck, Fritz: Geschichte der Grossherzoglich Hessischen Fahnen und Standarten, Berlin 1895.

Bredow-Wedel: Historische Rang- und Stammliste des deutschen Heeres three volumes, Verlag August Scherl, Berlin 1905.

Knoetel, Richard: Uniformkunde Lose Blaetter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der Militaerischen Tracht, Verlag von Max Babenzien, Rathenow, 1890 etc.

Knoetel`s plates are listed by Arabic numerals within the volumes, which are shown by Roman numerals: VIII 1 Leibgarde zu Pferde 1750; X 3 Regiment Schrautenbach 1717

Acknowledgments

Digby Smith for the initial version of this article.