Hessen-Darmstadt Leibgrenadiercorps

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hesse-Darmstadt Army >> Hessen-Darmstadt Leibgrenadiercorps

Origin and History

The dismounted unit was raised in 1747.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet

The unit was disbanded in 1768; by this date it counted 260 men.

Service during the War

no information available yet

Uniform

From 1747 to 1751, this unit wore dark blue coats, faced red, with brass buttons. In 1751, its uniforms changed to the uniform depicted below.

Privates

Uniform in 1751 as per Richard Knötel - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details in 1751
as per Richard Knötel
Headgear
Leibgrenadiercorps bearskin in 1750 – Source: Digby Smith as per Zernin
dark brown bearskin of Austrian pattern with a small gilt brass plate bearing the Hessian lion and red bag laced white
Neckstock red
Coat white with 9 brass buttons grouped 3 by 3 on each side on the chest and 1 brass button in the small of the back on each side
Collar red
Shoulder Straps white fastened by a brass button (left shoulder only)
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 brass buttons
Cuffs red
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat white with 1 row of brass buttons and with horizontal pockets
Breeches white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black pouch decorated with 5 brass grenades
Bayonet Scabbard no information available
Scabbard brown with brass ornaments
Footgear black shoes


Troopers were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a sabre.

Officers

Officers wore white coats with red collars, Swedish cuffs and lining (no turnbacks) and yellow buttons, red waistcoat (with gold embroidery) red breeches, white gaiters. They wore a gold aiguilette on the right shoulder and wore their sash over the right shoulder. At the front of the waist, they had a small gilt embroidered pouch on a gold embroidered belt. They also wore a brown bearskin as the privates with the difference that it was laced in gold and had golden tassels.

Officers carried carbines.

Musicians

We have found no documentation yet describing the uniforms of the musicians during the Seven Years' War. Knötel depicts the uniform of the musicians of these units as follows for the year 1777.

'Uniform Details in 1757
as per Knötel
(volume XX plate no. 16)
Headgear mitre cap in the Prussian pattern with a yellow metal front plate decorated with a red and white Hessian lion on a blue field; a yellow metal headband; white backing piped gold; white pompom decorated with vertical red and blue stripes
Neckstock red
Coat blue with1 brass button; 1 white buttonhole (decorated with red and blue stripes) in the small of the back on each side; swallow nests at the shoulders (4 vertical lace and 1 horizontal lace all decorated with red and blue stripes); chevons of the same lace on the sleeves bordered with 1 vertical similar lace on each side
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels red with brass buttons and white large buttonholes (same lace as above)
Pockets horizontal pockets laced white (same lace as above), each with 2 brass buttons
Cuffs red Prussian cuffs laced white (same lace as above)
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat white
Breeches white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box not applicable
Bayonet Scabbard not applicable
Scabbard brown with brass ornaments
Footgear black shoes

Colours

no information available yet

References

Beck, Fritz: Geschichte der Grossherzoglich Hessischen Fahnen und Standarten, Berlin 1895.

Bredow-Wedel: Historische Rang- und Stammliste des deutschen Heeres three volumes, Verlag August Scherl, Berlin 1905.

Knoetel, Richard: Uniformkunde Lose Blaetter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der Militaerischen Tracht, Verlag von Max Babenzien, Rathenow, 1890 etc.

Knoetel`s plates are listed by Arabic numerals within the volumes, which are shown by Roman numerals: VIII 8 Leib-Grenadier und Leib-Grenadier-Garde 1750; Leib-Grenadier-Garde 1788; XX 16 Leib-Grenadier-Garde 1777.

Acknowledgments

Digby Smith for the initial version of this article.