Difference between revisions of "Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons"

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(Added info from the work of the Grosser Generalstab and Hohrath)
 
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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
The regiment was formed on December 1 1743 from troops originating from [[Normann Dragoons|Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 1]].
+
The regiment was formed on April 16, 1741 from troops originating from the [[Normann Dragoons|Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 1]]. It garrisoned Deutsch-Eylau, Liebemühl, Marienwerder and Riesenburg in East Prussia; its canton covered the districts of Marienwerder and Mohrungen.
 +
 
 +
In 1745, during the [[War of the Austrian Succession]] (1740-48), the regiment took part in the Battle of Kesselsdorf.
  
 
At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted 5 squadrons.
 
At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted 5 squadrons.
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:  
*since October 27 1743: colonel Georg Ludwig, duke von Holstein Gottorp
+
*from October 27, 1743: [[Holstein-Gottorp, Georg Ludwig Duke zu|Colonel Georg Ludwig, Duke von Holstein Gottorp]]
*from April 9 1761 to August 23 1785: colonel Nikolaus Alexander von Pomeiske
+
*from April 9, 1761 to August 23, 1785: Colonel Nikolaus Alexander von Pomeiske
 +
 
 +
In 1806, the regiment was disbanded after the capitulation of Ratekau.
 +
 
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
In 1757, the regiment was part of Lehwaldt's army assigned to the defence of East Prussia against a [[1757 - Russian campaign in East Prussia|Russian invasion]]. On August 30, at the [[1757-08-30 - Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf|battle of Gross-Jägersdorf]], it was deployed in the first line of the cavalry right wing under the duke of Holstein. The cavalry of the Prussian right wing then attacked the cossacks deployed in front of the Russian left wing who feigned to retire, drawing the Prussian cavalry towards the 5 Russian infantry regiments who had deployed in line during the cavalry engagement. Holstein Dragoons forced their way through them, took a battery of 8 guns and cut down all who opposed them. However, the Prussian cavalry of the right flank was unable to maintain the advantage gained during the initial engagement. Artillery was soon brought to bear upon them, obliging them to retire. During this battle, the regiment lost 5 men killed and 50 wounded.  
+
In August 1756, the regiment formed part of the army left in East Prussia under [[Lehwaldt, Johann von|Field-Marshal Lehwaldt]] to observe the Russian army.
  
In January 1758, the regiment was part of Lehwaldt's army who proceeded to the invasion of Swedish Pomerania, bottling up the Swedes in Stralsund. On January 10, it was part of Holstein's corps who advanced into Mecklenburg, levied considerable contributions and took possession of Wismar (January 27) and Rostock (February 6). About mid February, Holstein's corps advanced into the duchy of Lüneburg and finally made a junction with the Allied army of [[Ferdinand of Brunswick]]. On May 26, the regiment was part of the corps of the prince von Holstein encamped at Dülmen. On May 31, this corps accompanied Ferdinand of Brunswick in his [[1758 - Allied campaign on the west bank of the Rhine|offensive on the west bank of the Rhine]]. On June 12, during the aborted attack on the French positions at Rheinberg, the regiment was in the Holstein (third) column of attack under major-general von Brandemer. On June 23, the regiment took part to the [[1758-06-23 - Battle of Krefeld|battle of Krefeld]] where it was deployed on the right wing under the command of the ''[[Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand|Erbprinz]]'' (hereditary prince) of Brunswick. Along with the Prussian [[Finckenstein Dragoons|Finckenstein dragoons]] and supported by the Hessian [[Hessian Leib Cavalry|Leib cavalry]] and [[Hessian Leib Dragoons|Leib dragoons]], it fell on the rear of the French infantry. After a fierce fight, they chased the French infantry out of its entrenchments. During the battle, the regiment captured a standard and the kettle-drums of Royal-Roussillon Cavalerie. On September 29, the regiment was part of the isolated Allied observation corps under the command of Prince Holstein which escaped the French unsuccessful [[1758-09-29 - Assault on Bork|night attack at Bork]].
+
In 1757, the regiment once more was part of Lehwaldt's Army assigned to the defence of East Prussia against a [[1757 - Russian campaign in East Prussia|Russian invasion]]. On August 30, at the [[1757-08-30 - Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf|Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf]], it was deployed in the first line of the cavalry right wing under the Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. The cavalry of the Prussian right wing then attacked the Cossacks deployed in front of the Russian left wing who feigned to retire, drawing the Prussian cavalry towards the 5 Russian infantry regiments who had deployed in line during the cavalry engagement. The Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons forced their way through them, took a battery of 8 guns and cut down all who opposed them. However, the Prussian cavalry of the right flank was unable to maintain the advantage gained during this initial engagement. Artillery was soon brought to bear upon them, obliging them to retire. During this battle, the regiment lost 5 men killed and 50 wounded.  
  
On August 1 1759, the regiment took part to the [[1759-08-01 - Battle of Minden|battle of Minden]], capturing [[Comte de La Marche Infanterie]], 2 flags and 10 guns. During this battle the regiment lost 67 men.
+
In January 1758, the regiment was part of  Lehwaldt's Army who proceeded to the [[1758 - Swedish campaign in Pomerania|invasion of Swedish Pomerania]], bottling up the Swedes in Stralsund. On January 10, it was part of Holstein's Corps who advanced into Mecklenburg, levied considerable contributions and took possession of Wismar (January 27) and Rostock (February 6). About mid February, Holstein's Corps advanced into the Duchy of Lüneburg and finally made a junction with the Allied army of [[Ferdinand of Brunswick]]. On May 26, the regiment was part of the corps of the Prince of Holstein-Gottorp encamped at Dülmen. On May 31, this corps accompanied Ferdinand of Brunswick in his [[1758 - Allied campaign on the west bank of the Rhine|offensive on the west bank of the Rhine]]. On June 12, during the aborted attack on the French positions at Rheinberg, the regiment was in the Holstein-Gottorp (third) column of attack under Major-General von Brandemer. On June 23, the regiment took part in the [[1758-06-23 - Battle of Krefeld|Battle of Krefeld]] where it was deployed on the right wing under the command of the ''[[Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand|Erbprinz]]'' (hereditary prince) of Brunswick. Along with the Prussian [[Finckenstein Dragoons|Finckenstein Dragoons]] and supported by the Hessian [[Hessian Leib Cavalry|Leib cavalry]] and [[Hessian Leib Dragoons|Leib Dragoons]], it fell on the rear of the French infantry. After a fierce fight, they chased the French infantry out of its entrenchments. During the battle, the regiment captured a standard and the kettle-drums of [[Royal-Roussillon Cavalerie]]. On September 29, the regiment was part of the isolated Allied observation corps under the command of Prince Holstein-Gottorp which escaped the French unsuccessful [[1758-09-29 - Assault on Bork|night attack on Bork]].
+
On August 15 1760, the regiment was present the battle of Liegnitz but did not take part to the fighting.  
+
  
In September 1761, the regiment was transferred to Pomerania to relieve the [[1760 - Siege of Colberg|besieged fortress of Colberg]].
+
During the first half of 1759, the regiment formed part of the Allied army of Ferdinand of Brunswick. It was attached to Mostyn’s Division in the first line of the cavalry right wing. On April 13, it took part in the [[1759-04-13 - Battle of Bergen|Battle of Bergen]] where it formed part of the third column under the Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. In June, the regiment was still part of the main Allied army under the command of Ferdinand of Brunswick. On August 1, the regiment took part in the [[1759-08-01 - Battle of Minden|Battle of Minden]] where it was deployed in the first line of the 8th column under Lieutenant-General Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. It took part in the capture of a French battery near Malbergen and drove the Touraine and Rouergue infantry brigades out of their defensive positions, capturing the [[Comte de La Marche Infanterie]], 2 colours and 10 guns. During this battle the regiment lost 67 men.
  
In 1762, the regiment was part of Wied's corps.  
+
On Sunday August 3, 1760, when [[Frederick II]] resolved to march towards Silesia, the regiment formed the vanguard of the third column. On August 15, it was present at the [[1760-08-15 - Battle of Liegnitz|Battle of Liegnitz]] but did not take part in combat. On September 17, it took part in the [[1760-09-17 - Combat of Hochgiersdorf|Combat of Hochgiersdorf]] where it was deployed in the second column under Lieutenant-General Count zu Wied.
  
To do: more details on the campaigns from 1759 to 1762
+
In August 1761, the regiment formed part of the Prussian army under the command of King Frederick II encamped in the entrenched camp of Bunzelwitz (present-day Bolesławice) near Schweidnitz in Lower Silesia. In September, the regiment took part in a [[1761 - Prussian second raid in Greater Poland|raid in Greater Poland]] against Russian magazines. On September 15, it was at the [[1761-09-15 - Engagement of Gostyn|Engagement of Gostyn]]. At the end of September, it was transferred to Pomerania to relieve the [[1761 - Siege of Colberg|besieged Fortress of Colberg]]. On October 22, it fought in the [[1761-10-22 - Combat of Gollnow|Combat of Gollnow]]; and on December 12, in the [[1761-12-12 - Combat of Spie|Combat of Spie]]. At the end of December, the regiment was attached to the corps of Generals Schenckendorff and Platen which marched by Schwedt and Berlin and took up its winter-quarters in Saxony.
 +
 
 +
In 1762, the regiment was part of Wied's Corps. On July 6, the regiment took part in the [[1762-07-06 - Combat of Adelsbach|Combat of Adelsbach]]. By August, it was among the Prussian units who were taking part in the [[1762 - Siege of Schweidnitz|Siege of Schweidnitz]].
  
 
==Uniform==
 
==Uniform==
Line 30: Line 35:
 
|+<big>'''Uniform in 1757'''
 
|+<big>'''Uniform in 1757'''
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Headgear'''||black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small white button and white within blue pompons
+
|'''Headgear'''||black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small white button and white within blue pompoms
  
 
N.B.: for combat, the tricorne was reinforced with an iron cap
 
N.B.: for combat, the tricorne was reinforced with an iron cap
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Neckstock'''||black
+
|'''Neck&nbsp;stock'''||black
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Coat'''||cobalt blue with 8 white buttons and 8 white buttonholes on the chest and 3 white buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks  
+
|'''Coat'''||cobalt blue with 8 white buttons and 8 white braided loops on the chest and 3 white buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks  
 
{| class="tblunin"
 
{| class="tblunin"
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Collar'''||cobalt blue
 
|'''Collar'''||cobalt blue
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Shoulder strap'''||left shoulder: blue fastened with a white button<br/>right shoulder: white with a white aiguillette
+
|'''Shoulder strap'''||left shoulder: blue fastened with a white button<br>right shoulder: white with a white aiguillette
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Lapels'''||''none''
 
|'''Lapels'''||''none''
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Pockets'''||horizontal pockets each with 2 white buttons and 2 white buttonholes
+
|'''Pockets'''||horizontal pockets, each with 2 white buttons and 2 white braided loops
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Cuffs'''||blue (Swedish style) with 2 white buttons and 2 white buttonholes
+
|'''Cuffs'''||blue (Swedish style), each with 2 white buttons and 2 white braided loops
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Turnbacks'''||cobalt blue
 
|'''Turnbacks'''||cobalt blue
Line 86: Line 91:
 
Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.
 
Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.
  
 +
===NCOs===
 +
 +
NCOs wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following exceptions:
 +
*black within white pompoms in the lateral "cornes" of the tricorne
 +
*silver braided loops instead of white braided loops
 
===Officers===
 
===Officers===
 
[[File:Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons Officer Lace.jpg|left|frame|Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons Officer Lace - Source: Kling, C., ''Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres'']]
 
[[File:Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons Officer Lace.jpg|left|frame|Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons Officer Lace - Source: Kling, C., ''Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres'']]
 
The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:  
 
The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:  
*black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade (attached with a silver fastener) and black and silver pompons
+
*black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade (attached with a silver fastener) and black and silver pompoms
*8 silver buttonholes
+
*silver embroidery loops
 +
**6 on each lapel
 +
**2 under each lapel at the waist
 +
**1 on each side in the small of the back
 +
**2 (1 to the left and 1 to the right) on each side at the waist
 +
**2 on each pocket
 +
**2 on each cuff
 
<br clear="all"/>
 
<br clear="all"/>
 
===Musicians===
 
===Musicians===
 
[[File:Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons Drummer Lace.jpg|right|frame|Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons Drummer Lace - Source: Kling, C., ''Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres'']]
 
[[File:Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons Drummer Lace.jpg|right|frame|Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons Drummer Lace - Source: Kling, C., ''Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres'']]
Drummers of the regiments wore the same uniform as the troopers but decorated on the seams with a white lace decorated with 2 outer blue bands and a central blue zigzag.
+
Drummers of the regiments wore the same uniform as the troopers but without braided loops and ornamented on the seams, edges, pocket flaps and cuffs with a white lace decorated with 2 outer blue bands and a central blue zigzag.
<br clear="all"/>
+
<br clear="all">
 
==Colours==
 
==Colours==
 
Standards were made of damask. They were swallow-tailed and measured some 50 cm along the pole,  65 cm from the pole to the extremity of a point and 50 cm from the pole to the centre of the indentation. The cords and knots were of silver threads. The pole of the standard was a yellow tournament lance reinforced with iron hinges. The golden spearhead wore the crowned monogram of Frédéric (FR).
 
Standards were made of damask. They were swallow-tailed and measured some 50 cm along the pole,  65 cm from the pole to the extremity of a point and 50 cm from the pole to the centre of the indentation. The cords and knots were of silver threads. The pole of the standard was a yellow tournament lance reinforced with iron hinges. The golden spearhead wore the crowned monogram of Frédéric (FR).
Line 109: Line 125:
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
Funcken, Liliane and Fred , ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''
+
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: ''Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle''
  
Nelke, R., [http://www.preussenweb.de/ Preussen]
+
Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: ''Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen'', Part 3 ''Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763'', Vol. 1 ''Pirna und Lobositz''Berlin, 1901, Appendix 1
  
Rogge, Christian; ''The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War'', Frankfurt, 2006
+
Hohrath, Daniel: ''The Uniforms of the Prussian Army under Frederick the Great from 1740 to 1786''; Vol. 2; Verlag Militaria, Vienna: 2011, pp. 594-597
  
Thümmler, L.-H., [http://www.grosser-generalstab.de/ Preußische Militärgeschichte]
+
Rogge, Christian: ''The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War'', Frankfurt, 2006
  
 
Vial J. L., [http://vial.jean.free.fr/new_npi/ Nec Pluribus Impar]
 
Vial J. L., [http://vial.jean.free.fr/new_npi/ Nec Pluribus Impar]

Latest revision as of 14:21, 28 April 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons

Origin and History

The regiment was formed on April 16, 1741 from troops originating from the Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 1. It garrisoned Deutsch-Eylau, Liebemühl, Marienwerder and Riesenburg in East Prussia; its canton covered the districts of Marienwerder and Mohrungen.

In 1745, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment took part in the Battle of Kesselsdorf.

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted 5 squadrons.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

In 1806, the regiment was disbanded after the capitulation of Ratekau.

Service during the War

In August 1756, the regiment formed part of the army left in East Prussia under Field-Marshal Lehwaldt to observe the Russian army.

In 1757, the regiment once more was part of Lehwaldt's Army assigned to the defence of East Prussia against a Russian invasion. On August 30, at the Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf, it was deployed in the first line of the cavalry right wing under the Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. The cavalry of the Prussian right wing then attacked the Cossacks deployed in front of the Russian left wing who feigned to retire, drawing the Prussian cavalry towards the 5 Russian infantry regiments who had deployed in line during the cavalry engagement. The Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons forced their way through them, took a battery of 8 guns and cut down all who opposed them. However, the Prussian cavalry of the right flank was unable to maintain the advantage gained during this initial engagement. Artillery was soon brought to bear upon them, obliging them to retire. During this battle, the regiment lost 5 men killed and 50 wounded.

In January 1758, the regiment was part of Lehwaldt's Army who proceeded to the invasion of Swedish Pomerania, bottling up the Swedes in Stralsund. On January 10, it was part of Holstein's Corps who advanced into Mecklenburg, levied considerable contributions and took possession of Wismar (January 27) and Rostock (February 6). About mid February, Holstein's Corps advanced into the Duchy of Lüneburg and finally made a junction with the Allied army of Ferdinand of Brunswick. On May 26, the regiment was part of the corps of the Prince of Holstein-Gottorp encamped at Dülmen. On May 31, this corps accompanied Ferdinand of Brunswick in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 12, during the aborted attack on the French positions at Rheinberg, the regiment was in the Holstein-Gottorp (third) column of attack under Major-General von Brandemer. On June 23, the regiment took part in the Battle of Krefeld where it was deployed on the right wing under the command of the Erbprinz (hereditary prince) of Brunswick. Along with the Prussian Finckenstein Dragoons and supported by the Hessian Leib cavalry and Leib Dragoons, it fell on the rear of the French infantry. After a fierce fight, they chased the French infantry out of its entrenchments. During the battle, the regiment captured a standard and the kettle-drums of Royal-Roussillon Cavalerie. On September 29, the regiment was part of the isolated Allied observation corps under the command of Prince Holstein-Gottorp which escaped the French unsuccessful night attack on Bork.

During the first half of 1759, the regiment formed part of the Allied army of Ferdinand of Brunswick. It was attached to Mostyn’s Division in the first line of the cavalry right wing. On April 13, it took part in the Battle of Bergen where it formed part of the third column under the Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. In June, the regiment was still part of the main Allied army under the command of Ferdinand of Brunswick. On August 1, the regiment took part in the Battle of Minden where it was deployed in the first line of the 8th column under Lieutenant-General Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. It took part in the capture of a French battery near Malbergen and drove the Touraine and Rouergue infantry brigades out of their defensive positions, capturing the Comte de La Marche Infanterie, 2 colours and 10 guns. During this battle the regiment lost 67 men.

On Sunday August 3, 1760, when Frederick II resolved to march towards Silesia, the regiment formed the vanguard of the third column. On August 15, it was present at the Battle of Liegnitz but did not take part in combat. On September 17, it took part in the Combat of Hochgiersdorf where it was deployed in the second column under Lieutenant-General Count zu Wied.

In August 1761, the regiment formed part of the Prussian army under the command of King Frederick II encamped in the entrenched camp of Bunzelwitz (present-day Bolesławice) near Schweidnitz in Lower Silesia. In September, the regiment took part in a raid in Greater Poland against Russian magazines. On September 15, it was at the Engagement of Gostyn. At the end of September, it was transferred to Pomerania to relieve the besieged Fortress of Colberg. On October 22, it fought in the Combat of Gollnow; and on December 12, in the Combat of Spie. At the end of December, the regiment was attached to the corps of Generals Schenckendorff and Platen which marched by Schwedt and Berlin and took up its winter-quarters in Saxony.

In 1762, the regiment was part of Wied's Corps. On July 6, the regiment took part in the Combat of Adelsbach. By August, it was among the Prussian units who were taking part in the Siege of Schweidnitz.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1757
Headgear black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small white button and white within blue pompoms

N.B.: for combat, the tricorne was reinforced with an iron cap

Neck stock black
Coat cobalt blue with 8 white buttons and 8 white braided loops on the chest and 3 white buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar cobalt blue
Shoulder strap left shoulder: blue fastened with a white button
right shoulder: white with a white aiguillette
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 white buttons and 2 white braided loops
Cuffs blue (Swedish style), each with 2 white buttons and 2 white braided loops
Turnbacks cobalt blue
Waistcoat straw yellow with one row of small white buttons and horizontal pockets, each with white buttons
Breeches buff
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black leather
Scabbard brown leather
Bayonet scabbard brown leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth blue with pointed corners; bordered with a wide white braid decorated with 2 thin red braids
Housings blue pointed housings; bordered with a wide white braid decorated with 2 thin red braids
Blanket roll cobalt blue


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.

NCOs

NCOs wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following exceptions:

  • black within white pompoms in the lateral "cornes" of the tricorne
  • silver braided loops instead of white braided loops

Officers

Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons Officer Lace - Source: Kling, C., Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres

The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade (attached with a silver fastener) and black and silver pompoms
  • silver embroidery loops
    • 6 on each lapel
    • 2 under each lapel at the waist
    • 1 on each side in the small of the back
    • 2 (1 to the left and 1 to the right) on each side at the waist
    • 2 on each pocket
    • 2 on each cuff


Musicians

Holstein-Gottorp Dragoons Drummer Lace - Source: Kling, C., Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres

Drummers of the regiments wore the same uniform as the troopers but without braided loops and ornamented on the seams, edges, pocket flaps and cuffs with a white lace decorated with 2 outer blue bands and a central blue zigzag.

Colours

Standards were made of damask. They were swallow-tailed and measured some 50 cm along the pole, 65 cm from the pole to the extremity of a point and 50 cm from the pole to the centre of the indentation. The cords and knots were of silver threads. The pole of the standard was a yellow tournament lance reinforced with iron hinges. The golden spearhead wore the crowned monogram of Frédéric (FR).

Colonel Standard (Leibstandarte): white field with waved red corners, fringed silver with a yellow central medallion surrounded by a silver laurel wreath and decorated with an armed black eagle surmounted by a white scroll laced silver bearing the silver motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Decoration in silver in each corner (crowns, laurel wreaths and “FR” ciphers). Squadron Standard (Eskadronstandarte): yellow field with waved red corners, fringed silver with a silver central medallion surrounded by a silver laurel wreath and decorated with an armed black eagle surmounted by a yellow scroll laced silver bearing the silver motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Decoration in silver in each corner (crowns, laurel wreaths and “FR” ciphers).
Colonel Standard – Source: Dal Gavan
Squadron Standard – Source: Dal Gavan

References

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 1 Pirna und LobositzBerlin, 1901, Appendix 1

Hohrath, Daniel: The Uniforms of the Prussian Army under Frederick the Great from 1740 to 1786; Vol. 2; Verlag Militaria, Vienna: 2011, pp. 594-597

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Vial J. L., Nec Pluribus Impar

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.