Horion Infanterie

From Project Seven Years War
Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Horion Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on March 25 1757 by the Comte de Horion.

This regiment counted 2 battalions.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 121st and was under the command of:

  • since March 25 1757 until November 25 1762: Comte de Horion

The regiment was disbanded in 1762.

Service during the War

By August 1 1757, the regiment was garrisoning Philippeville in Hainault.

At the beginning of August 1758, the regiment formed part of the French force defending Cherbourg during the second British expedition against the French Coasts. It garrisoned the town along with Clare Infanterie.

By May 23 1760, the regiment was part of the second line of Broglie's Army, placed under the command of the Prince de Croy. On July 10, the regiment took part in the Combat of Corbach where it was attached to Broglie's vanguard under the Baron de Clausen, deployed in the wood to the left of Corbach at the beginning of the action. On October 2, Broglie sent M. d'Aubigny's detachment (including this regiment) from Stainville's Corps towards the Lower Rhine. On October 11, this detachment took position between Neuss and Meerbusch. On October 16, the regiment took part in the Battle of Clostercamp where it was deployed on the far right of the first line.

To do: campaigns from 1761 to 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Abrégé du Dictionnaire Militaire 1759
Etat Militaire 1758, 1760 and 1761

completed where necessary according to Taccoli's illustration in "Teatro Militare dell' Europa" of 1760"
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Neck stock black
Coat blue lined red
Collar small red collar
Shoulder Straps white fastened with a small yellow button (left shoulder)
Lapels long red lapels extending down to the waist, each with 12 yellow buttons and 12 yellow buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 yellow buttons and 3 yellow buttonholes
Cuffs red, each with 3 yellow buttons and 3 yellow buttonholes
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat red with 12 yellow buttons and, on each side, 12 yellow buttonholes; horizontal pockets, each with 3 yellow buttons and 3 yellow buttonholes
Breeches blue (as per Taccoli) or red (as per Raspe)
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

Officers wore uniform quite similar to those of the privates with the following differences:

  • gold laced tricorne
  • golden buttonholes
  • a black and silver sash around the waist
  • no turnbacks
  • a wooden cane

Musicians

no information found

Colours

The colonel flag of the regiment was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross carrying a golden columns on a pedestal.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

The article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 212

Other sources

Funcken, Liliane et Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Raspe, Gabriel Nicolas: Recueil de toutes les troupes qui forment les armées françoises, Nuremberg 1761

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service Historique de l'armée de terre - Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757

Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part I, Vol. II, Madrid, 1760

Vial, J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar