Kielmannsegg Infantry

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Origin and History

A new regiment of three battalions was raised in 1741 and allocated to Colonel Daniel von Bourdon. Each battalion counted five companies of 150 men each. In 1745, at the death of its colonel, the regiment was subdivided into three distinct regiments, each counting a single battalion of seven companies. The present regiment became the property of Count von Kielmannsegg.

In 1747, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment was sent to the Austrian Netherlands. In March 1748, it took part in the affair of Rosenthal not far from Berg-op-Zoom. At the end of the year, it returned to Hanover.

During the Seven Years War the regimental inhaber was:

  • from November 1745: Colonel Georg Ludewig, Count von Kielmannsegg (promoted to major-general in 1747; to lieutenant-general in 1758; retired in 1776 as general of infantry)

Service during the War

In May 1756, the regiment was part of the Hanoverian Contingent sent to reinforce Great Britain who feared a French invasion. On May 21, the contingent landed at Chatham. At the beginning of November, it became clear that Brunswick-Lüneburg (aka Hanover) was more seriously threatened than England and it was decided to gradually send the Hanoverian contingent back to the continent.

In March 1757, the regiment returned to its garrison place. It soon joined the Allied army on the Weser. On July 26, during the French invasion of Hanover, the regiment took part in the battle of Hastenbeck where it was deployed in the second line of the left wing under the command of Lieutenant-general Imhoff.

In March, during the Allied winter offensive in Western Germany, the regiment was at the siege and capture of Minden. On May 26, the regiment was with Ferdinand's main force in the camp of Nottuln. On May 31, it accompanied Ferdinand in his offensive on the west bank of the Rhine. On June 23, the regiment took part in the Battle of Krefeld where it was deployed in the centre in Lieutenant-General von Oberg's Brigade. This brigade was ordered to make diversion towards Sankt-Tönis. In August, during the retreat of the Allied army, the regiment formed part of the rearguard and participated in a combat against three French dragoon regiments near Kleve.

In June 1759, during the French offensive in Western Germany, the regiment was part of Wangenheim's Corps who had taken position at Dülmen in Westphalia to observe the movement of a French corps under the Marquis d'Armentières. On August 1, the regiment took part in the Battle of Minden where it was deployed in Wangenheim's Corps between Kutenhausen and the Weser, in the first line of the infantry centre. At the end of August, the regiment fought an action against the Chasseurs de Fischer near Wettern.

On January 7, 1760, the regiment took part in the relief of the Castle of Dillenburg. In September, it followed the Hereditary Prince when he advanced on the Fortress of Wesel. On October 16, the regiment was left behind in front of Wesel when the Hereditary Prince unsuccessfully attacked the French at the Battle of Clostercamp.

At the beginning of January 1761, the regiment took part in the recapture of Duderstadt. On February 15, it took part in the Combat of Langensalza where it was attached to Spörcken's Corps. During the following campaign in Western Germany, on July 16, the regiment took part in the battle of Vellinghausen where it was attached to Lieutenant-General Oheimb's Brigade deployed on the right wing.

By May 23 1762, the regiment was attached to the Corps of the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick operating in Westphalia. On August 30 1762, the regiment took part in the Combat of Nauheim where it was attached to Lieutenant-general von Hardenberg's Column. Around 11:00 AM, the regiment was part of those who passed the Wetter to attack the Johannisberg. On September 21, the regiment was present at the Combat of Amöneburg where it formed part of Zastrow's Corps occupying the ground immediately before the Brücker Mühle (Zastrow commanded in the absence of Lieutenant-general Hardenberg) where it lost Lieutenant-Colonel von Brunck, killed; and Captain von Estorf and Ensign von Anderten, severely wounded.

In 1763, the regiment garrisoned Stade.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with red and green pom poms with a black cockade and a sprig of oak leaves
Grenadier
Kielmannsegg Infantry Grenadier Mitre Cap - Source: Hannoverdidi

Prussian mitre in the British pattern with a small front flap. Grass green front with a crowned red field with GR and the Order of the Garter. Small green flap with white grenade and scrollwork. Red sack, green base piped in white lace.

Neckstock black
Coat red lined grass green with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes under the lapels
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red (left shoulder)
Lapels grass green with 7 pewter buttons and 7 white buttonholes
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 2 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes
Cuffs grass green (slashed in the British pattern) with 3 pewter buttons and 2 white buttonholes just above each cuff on the sleeves
Turnbacks grass green fastened with a pewter button
Waistcoat grass green with 2 horizontal pockets, each with 3 pewter buttons
Breeches straw yellow
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard black
Footgear black


Troopers were armed with a musket and a sword, and carried a dark brown haversack with a metal canteen on the left hip.

Wissel mentions that the distinctive colour of the regiment was changed from grass green to white in 1761.

Officers

Officers had silver lace lining the cuffs and lapels, a black cockade hat, a gold gorget with the arms of Hanover in the centre and carried a yellow sash slung over the right shoulder. Sergeants wore straw gloves. Partizans were carried.

Musicians

Drummers wore a red coat with swallows nest and lace in white.

The drum pattern had hoops in alternating green and red diagonal stripes, white drum cords over a brass drum with the Arms of Hanover in the centre.

Colours

Colonel Flag: White field bearing the arms of Hanover (common to all Hanoverian infantry regiments except 10-B).

Colonel Colour - Source: Hannoverdidi

Regimental Flag: Green field. A crowned wreath within which a sword and shield armored warrior stands. Ciphers and crowns in the corners with scroll below crown reading MISCETUR DECORI VIRTUS. Hereafter, we present an illustration from the Reitzenstein Sammlung, dating from circa 1761 (left) and the interpretation of Hannoverdidi (right).

Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of the Reitzenstein Sammlung (circa 1761)
Regimental Colour - Source: Interpretation of user Hannoverdidi

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

Other sources

Biles, Bill: The Hanoverian Army in the 18th Century, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. VI No. 3

Gmundener Prachtwerk, circa 1761

Knötel, H. der Jung, and Hans M. Brauer: Uniformbogen Nr. 45, Berlin

Pengel, R., and G. R. Hurt: German States in the Seven Years War 1740 to 1762, Imperial Press

Reitzenstein Sammlung, Bomann Museum, Celle

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Vial, J. L., Nec Pluribus Impar