Kreisinfanterieregiment Baden-Baden

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Reichsarmee >> Kreisinfanterieregiment Baden-Baden

Origin and History

The regiment had two battalions each with 5 musketeer companies and 1 grenadier company, two 3-pdrs guns and an authorised strength of 1,690 men. It consisted of elements from 42 estates.

1st battalion: 2 coys from the Margraviate of Baden-Baden, 1 coy from the Princedom of Öttingen-Wallenstein, 1 coy from Ellwangen, 1 coy from the Princedom of Schwarzenberg, 1 coy from the County of Fugger
2nd battalion: 1 coy from the secular territory of the Bishop of Konstanz, 1 coy from the Imperial City of Überlingen, 1 coy from the Princedom of Scherr, 1 coy from the Imperial Town of Wolfegg, 1 coy from the Mastery of Mindelheim, 1 coy from the Imperial City of Memmingen
Furthermore, there were 31 small contingents. Officers were provided by 11 estates.

In May 1758 the regiment had two battalions, 2 grenadier companies, two 3-pdr guns and a strength of 1,436 men.

The regiments was raised in 1691. The successive regimental Inhaber were:

  • since 1691: Landgrave Karl Egon von Fürstenberg Möskirch
  • from 1703: Baron Anton Friedrich von Roth
  • from 1743: Margrave August Georg von Baden-Baden
  • from 1772: Count Maximilian Heinrich Truchses von Wolfsegg
  • from 1799 to 1801: Count Alexander von Königsegg-Stulendorf

From 1696 till 1731 another Swabian District regiment called Baden-Baden existed. The successive regimental Inhaber were:

  • since 1696: Margrave Ludwig von Baden-Baden
  • from 1707 to 1731: Margrave Ludwig Georg von Baden-Baden

Service during the War

In 1757, the regiment was with the Reichsarmee operating in Thuringia and Saxony. In August, this army combined with a French contingent under the Prince de Soubise to form the Franco-Imperial Army for the planned reconquest of Saxony. Soubise rated this regiment as "poor".

On September 8 1759, the regiment took part in the Combat of Zinna where it was deployed in the second line of the infantry centre.

To do: campaign of 1760

Uniform

Privates

Uniform - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details
according to Boehm, Rottgardt, Weirich
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white
Grenadier Austrian style grenadier cap with brown fur, blue bag and white seam
Neckstock black
Coat dark blue in Prussian cut
Collar white
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels white with yellow buttons
Pockets probably horizontal pockets with yellow buttons
Cuffs white with yellow buttons
Turnbacks white
Waistcoat white
Breeches white
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white with two small ammunition pockets
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard brown
Footgear black


Troopers were armed with a brown musket and a sword.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

n/a

Colours

Concerning the colours the situation is unclear.

In 1731 the Roth Regiment was renamed Baden-Baden. The colours then had the following look:
Silver head, yellow-white curled bar. Rag white with 6 blue double flames, thereupon a white double eagle with silver beak and claws, silver halos, silver crown lined red, a silver sword with a silver handle in its right claws, a blue and silver Imperial orb in its left claws. In the shield on the breast of the double eagle: Upper half: a white cross on a black field, Lower half: 3 black leopards on a yellow field.

Here follows a tentative reconstruction of this flag.

Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL

However, if the old flags of the regiment Baden-Baden were retained the flags had the following look:

  • Colonel Colour: white field with the Arms of the Prince of Baden-Baden (oval shield with four quarters. Golden crown above. 1st and 4th field gold with red diagonal bar, so called Badischer Straß (above left to below right) , 2nd and 3rd field red-white checkered field of Hochberg).
  • Regimental Colours: yellow field
    • obverse: 7 double flames black-black-red-white-red-black-black (from above to below), thereupon the Arms of of the Prince of Baden-Baden (same as on the colonel flag).
    • reverse: the same double flames, thereupon in the centre, a brown double eagle with silver beak and claws, gold halos, gold crown lined red, a silver sword with a gold handle in its right claws, a blue and gold Imperial orb in its left claws, in an oval shield on the breast of the double eagle, the arms of Baden-Baden.


Here follow tentative reconstructions of these colours.

Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL


There are also descriptions of a colour horizontally divided (instead of the double flames) in the colours black-yellow-red-white-red-yellow-black. The changeover between yellow and black partially curled.

References

Becher, Johann Christian: Wahrhaftige Nachricht derer Begebenheiten, so sich in dem Herzogthum Weimar by dem gewaltigen Kriege Friedrichs II., Königs von Preußen, mit der Königin von Ungarn, Marien Theresen, samt ihren Bundesgenossen zugetragen, Weimar, ca. 1757-1760

  • Original (Stiftung Weimarer Klassik - Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek Weimar)
  • Copy (Bibliothèque nationale de France, De Ridder collection)

Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D.: Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. I. Teil: Zusammensetzung und Organisation, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J

Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D.; Weirich, W.-D.: Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. II. Teil: Die einzelnen Einheiten, ihre Stärke, Zusammensetzung, Uniform und Feldzeichen, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.

Deutsche Uniformen, Bd. 1, Das Zeitalter Friedrich des Großen, 240 Bilder von Herbert Knötel d. J., Text and explanations by Dr. Martin Letzius, published by Sturm-Zigaretten GmbH, Dresden 1932

Knötel, R.: Uniformkunde, Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, Rathenow 1890-1921, volume VI, plate 7 - Die Truppen des Schwäbischen Kreises 1781

Kühlmann, Hermann: Kurze Geschichte der Fahnen des schwäbischen Kreises, in: Die Zinnfigur, vol. 8 (1959), no. 1, page 12-14 and no. 2, page 37

Military Miniatures Magazin, Schwäbischer Kreis - Kaiserliche Reichs Executions Armée 1757 - 1763

Schultz, Johann Gottfried: Abbildung Preußischer Kayser und Französischer Soldaten aus dem siebenjährigen Kriege ca. 1757/1760 (Grafisches Kabinett des Kulturhistorischen Museums Görlitz)

Soden, Karl Freiherr von: Nachricht von den Fränkischen Craistruppen. Nebst einem Anhang von den Schwäbischen Creisregimentern, Nürnberg, bey Gabriel Nicolaus Raspe, 1782

Tessin, Georg: Die Inhaber der Fränkischen und Schwäbischen Kreisregimenter, in: Zeitschrift für Heereskunde, No. 319, Mai/Juni, IL Jg. (1985), page 81-83

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.