Kreisregiment Württemberg Dragoons

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Reichsarmee >> Kreisregiment Württemberg Dragoons

Origin and History

Kreisregiment Württemberg Dragoon - Source: von Soden, 1782

The regiment was raised in 1683 as the Schwäbisches Kreis Regiment zu Pferd (Swabian District Horse Regiment) von Höhnstett.

In 1731, this horse regiment was transformed into a dragoon regiment designated as the Kreisdragonerregiment Württemberg.

The regiment counted 8 companies organised in 2 squadrons for a total of 300 men.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was owned by:

  • in 1756: duke Karl Eugen von Württemberg
  • from 1759: duke Friedrich Wilhelm von Württemberg

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • 1737: lieutenant-colonel von Brandenstein
  • ???: lieutenant-colonel von Phull
  • ???: colonel von Weiß
  • ???: colonel Karl Friedrich von Eßdorf

In 1769, the regiment was integrated into the regular troops of the duchy of Württemberg.

In 1775, the regiment was amalgamated with the Grenadiers à Cheval regiment.

Service during the War

From 1757 to 1762, the regiment served with the Reichsarmee against Prussia.

In 1757, the regiment was with the Reichsarmee operating in Thuringia and Saxony. In August, this army combined with a French contingent under Soubise to form the Franco-Imperial army. The regiment fought at Rossbach on November 5, it was placed in the first line of the right wing under the Prinz von Hohenzollern.

To do: details of the campaigns from 1758 to 1762

Uniform

Becher, Johann Christian: Wahrhaftige Nachricht derer Begebenheiten, so sich in dem Herzogthum Weimar by dem gewaltigen Kriege Friedrichs II., Königs von Preußen, mit der Königin von Ungarn, Marien Theresen, samt ihren Bundesgenossen zugetragen, Weimar, ca. 1757-1760

  • Original (Stiftung Weimarer Klassik - Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek Weimar)
  • Copy (Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin)
  • Copy (Bibliothèque nationale de France, De Ridder collection)

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90 and Richard Couture from a template by Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1759
as per Becher completed where necessary by information from Raspe
Headgear
Trooper black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade with a black fastener and a yellow button
Horse Grenadier no information available yet
Neckstock black
Coat dark blue (sky blue before 1759, indeed an event that occurred during the battle of Rossbach in 1757 confirms this, a contemporary text mentions "Because of the similarity of their uniform with that of the Prussian Dragoon Regiment Nr.1 "von Normann", the [Swabian] Dragoon Regiment Duke of Württemberg was raided by the Austrian Hussar Regiment Szecheny and lost its standard")
Collar none
Shoulder Straps yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels black laced yellow (ornamented with a dark blue wavy line and red dots) with yellow buttons
Pockets horizontal pockets with yellow buttons
Cuffs black laced yellow (same lace as above) with 3 yellow buttons
Turnbacks red (Yellow before 1759)
Waistcoat white
Breeches straw
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Gloves straw
Bayonet Scabbard none
Scabbard brown
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth dark blue bordered in white with 2 blue wavy lines and carrying the arms of Württemberg surrounded by white palms in the rear corners
Housing dark blue bordered in white with 2 blue wavy linesand carrying the arms of Württemberg surrounded by white palms


Troopers were armed with a sword, a musket and a pair of pistols.

Officers

Officers wore a gold and black sash.

Musicians

The following description is based on the uniform worn by the musicians of the contingent of Baden-Durlach in 1790.

  • dark blue coat with black collar, cuffs and turnbacks, no lapels; hanging sleeves laced yellow fastened at the waist; yellow buttons
  • white waistcoat and breeches

Colours

In 1731, when the unit was reorganized as a dragoon regiment, every company received a standard with a centre device consisting of the ducal coat of arms surmounted by a crown. The standard of the first company was usually white, the color of the remaining companies is unknown. Later in the century, the standards were changed to conform with the new standardised Swabian pattern.

Around 1793-1794, the regiment carried two standards.

Golden finial and brown pole.

Colonel Flag: white

Regimental Flag: yellow with golden fringes, in the middle a round emblem surrounded by green branches. Emblem two-folded, left black with white cross, right yellow with 3 black leopards.

References

  • Becher, Johann Christian: Wahrhaftige Nachricht derer Begebenheiten, so sich in dem Herzogthum Weimar by dem gewaltigen Kriege Friedrichs II., Königs von Preußen, mit der Königin von Ungarn, Marien Theresen, samt ihren Bundesgenossen zugetragen, Weimar, ca. 1757-1760
    • Original (Stiftung Weimarer Klassik - Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek Weimar)
    • Copy (Deutsches Historisches Museum)
    • Copy (Bibliothèque nationale de France, De Ridder collection)
  • Boehm, E.; Rottgardt, D.; Weirich, W.-D.; Die Reichsarmee 1757-63. II. Teil: Die einzelnen Einheiten, ihre Stärke,

Zusammensetzung, Uniform und Feldzeichen, KLIO-Arbeitsgruppe 7jähriger Krieg, Friderzianische Epoche, Manuskript, o.J.

  • Deutsche Uniformen, Vol. 1, Das Zeitalter Friedrich des Großen, 240 images from Herbert Knötel d. J., text and explanations from dr. Martin Letzius, published by Sturm-Zigaretten GmbH, Dresden, 1932
  • Frederic, Jacques André, Etat des Trouppes de S.A.S. Monseigneur le Duc de Virtemberg et Theck sur pié en 1759, Augsburg, 1759
  • Knötel, R., Uniformkunde, Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, Rathenow 1890-1921, volume VI, plate 7 - Die Truppen des Schwäbischen Kreises 1781
  • Rogge, Christian; The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
  • Soden, Karl baron von, Nachricht von den Fränkischen Craistruppen. Nebst einem Anhang von den Schwäbischen

Creisregimentern, Nürnberg, by Gabriel Nicolaus Raspe, 1782

  • Söllner, Gerhard: Für Badens Ehre: Die Geschichte der badischen Armee von 1604-1832, Vol. 1, Info Verlagsgesellschaft, Karlsruhe 1995
  • Stadlinger, L., J. von, Geschichte des Württembergischen Kriegswesens – von der frühesten bis zur neuesten Zeit, Stuttgart, 1856
  • Zahn, Michael, Die Herzoglich Württembergische Armee im Siebenjährigen Krieg, Manuskript, Stuttgart: January 2008

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.