Löwenfeld Militia

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Hesse-Darmstadt Army >> Löwenfeld Militia

Origin and History

Since 1699, there were Land-Bataillon (militia battalions). Each of these battalions consisted of 4 companies of 125 men each.

During the Seven Years' War, the chef of the regiment was:

  • in 1750: colonel Hoffmann von Löwenfeld

Service during the War

The battalion saw no action during the Seven Years' War.

Uniform

Privates

Grenadier Uniform circa 1750 – Source: detail from a Zernin's illustration
Uniform Details from 1750
as per Darmstädter Grenadierbilder 1750
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne edged white with a black cockade and with white pompoms in the corners and above the cockade
Grenadier mitre cap with orange front carrying the Hessian lion surrounded by brass trophies of arms; orange headband edged white and decorated with brass ornaments; blue backing with white braid; white pompom
Neck stock black
Coat dark blue lined red with 2 white buttonholes on each side under the lapel; 2 white buttons on the right side under the lapel; probably 1 white button and 1 buttonhole on each side at the small of the back; coat hooked together only at the top of the chest
Collar orange lying collar
Shoulder Straps orange fastened by a white button (left shoulder only)
Lapels orange with 6 white buttonholes and 6 white buttons grouped 2 by 2
Pockets horizontal pockets with 3 white buttons
Cuffs orange Prussian style cuffs edged white with 1 white button on each sleeve
Turnbacks orange fastened with small white button
Waistcoat white with 1 row of white buttons and with horizontal pockets
Breeches white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white bandolier
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black pouch
Bayonet Scabbard no information available
Scabbard brown with brass ornaments
Footgear black shoes


Privates were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a sabre.

NCOs

Grenadier NCO's carried canes, their cuffs and cuff flaps were lined in silver and their sabre straps and cap pompoms were red, white and blue. They wore no lace buttonholes.

Officers

The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne edged silver
  • buff gauntlets

Grenadier officers wore grenadier caps; they were armed with carbines and had the small pouch on a gold-embroidered waist belt.

All company officers carried spontoons and gilt-topped Spanish canes.

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

Colonel flag (Leibfahne): white field; centre device consisting of the crowned Hessian crest, held by two lions.

Regimental flags (Kompaniefahnen): field consisting of 8 groups of blue, white and red flames; centre device consisting of the crowned, red and white Hessian lion on a blue field within a golden laurel wreath.

Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour – Source: PMPdeL

The finials bore the crowned double “L”. The staffs were black, the cordons and tassels were red, white and blue.

References

Beck, Fritz: Geschichte der Grossherzoglich Hessischen Fahnen und Standarten, Berlin 1895.

Bredow-Wedel: Historische Rang- und Stammliste des deutschen Heeres three volumes, Verlag August Scherl, Berlin 1905.

Zernin, Copies from Darmstädter Grenadierbilder 1750, ULB Darmstadt, Gr. Folio 3/67

Acknowledgments

Digby Smith for the initial version of this article.