La Dauphine Infanterie
Origin and History
The regiment was raised on July 1 1747 by the Comte de Frieze.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment served in Flanders in 1748.
At the beginning of the Seven Years War, this Saxon regiment counted only one battalion.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 115th and was under the command of:
- from July 1 1747: Henri-Auguste, Comte de Frieze
- from 1755: Comte de Lowenhaupt
On January 18 1760, when the German Infantry was reorganised, the regiment was disbanded. Its only battalion was incorporated into Royal Bavière Infanterie.
Service during the War
In 1755, the regiment was at the camp on the Sambre.
By August 1 1757, the regiment was in Germany with the Army of the Weser. At the end of the year, it took its winter-quarters in the first line of the French Army at Müden on the Aller River and in Hanover.
At the end of January 1758, the regiment was assigned to the army that Louis XV planned to send to Bohemia for joint operations with the Austrian Army. However, when Ferdinand of Brunswick launched his offensive in West Germany in February, the regiment retired on the Rhine with the rest of the French Army. From March 30 to April 4, it was in the second line of Clermont's Army in the camp of Wesel on the Lower Rhine. By July, it had been transferred to Soubise's Army assembling near Friedberg in Hesse. It was assigned to guard the artillery train.
From June 1759, the regiment took part in the French offensive in West Germany, escorting the artillery train.
To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1762
The following description has been verified against the manuscript "Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757, tome I" and Taccoli's book published in 1760.
|Coat||blue with 3 yellow buttons under the left lapel and 3 blue trimmed buttonholes under the right lapel
|Waistcoat||white with a single row of small yellow buttons; horizontal pockets, each with 3 yellow buttons|
Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.
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Colonel Colour: white field sown with golden fleurs de lys; centre device consisting of the crowned arms of the Dauphine.
N.B.: the Manuscript "Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757" depicts a white cross on the colonel colour
Ordonnance Colours: blue field and a white cross; each canton was sown with golden fleurs de lys; centre device consisting of the crowned arms of the Dauphine.
Anon.: Manuscript Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757, tome I, Musée de l'Armée, Paris
Évrard P.: Praetiriti Fides
Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé
Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris, 1882
Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891
Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006
Service historique de l'armée de terre, Archives du génie, article 15, section 1, §5, pièce 23
Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre
Vial J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.