La Dauphine Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> La Dauphine Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on July 1 1747 by the Comte de Frieze.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment served in Flanders in 1748.

At the beginning of the Seven Years War, this Saxon regiment counted only one battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 115th and was under the command of:

  • from July 1 1747: Henri-Auguste, Comte de Frieze
  • from 1755: Comte de Lowenhaupt

On January 18 1760, when the German Infantry was reorganised, the regiment was disbanded. Its only battalion was incorporated into Royal Bavière Infanterie.

Service during the War

In 1755, the regiment was at the camp on the Sambre.

By August 1 1757, the regiment was in Germany with the Army of the Weser. At the end of the year, it took its winter-quarters in the first line of the French Army at Müden on the Aller River and in Hanover.

At the end of January 1758, the regiment was assigned to the army that Louis XV planned to send to Bohemia for joint operations with the Austrian Army. However, when Ferdinand of Brunswick launched his offensive in West Germany in February, the regiment retired on the Rhine with the rest of the French Army. From March 30 to April 4, it was in the second line of Clermont's Army in the camp of Wesel on the Lower Rhine. By July, it had been transferred to Soubise's Army assembling near Friedberg in Hesse. It was assigned to guard the artillery train.

From June 1759, the regiment took part in the French offensive in West Germany, escorting the artillery train.

To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

The following description has been verified against the manuscript "Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757, tome I" and Taccoli's book published in 1760.

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etat Militaire 1758 and 1760, and Abrégé du Dictionnaire Militaire 1759

completed when necessary with information from Charles Pajol and Lucien Mouillard's uniform plates
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold (with a white cockade as per Taccoli)
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold

towards 1759, bearskins became increasingly common among grenadiers of the French Army

Neckstock black
Coat blue with 3 yellow buttons under the left lapel and 3 blue trimmed buttonholes under the right lapel
Collar red
Shoulder Straps blue
Lapels red with 7 yellow buttons (3 pairs and 1 near the upper corner) on both sides and 7 blue trimmed buttonholes on the right side
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 yellow buttons
Cuffs red without any button (each with 2 yellow buttons as per Taccoli)
Turnbacks white (red as per Taccoli)
Waistcoat white with a single row of small yellow buttons; horizontal pockets, each with 3 yellow buttons
Breeches white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather (white as per Taccoli and the Manuscript "Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757")
Waistbelt natural leather (white as per Taccoli and the Manuscript "Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757")
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

no information available yet

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

Colonel Colour: white field sown with golden fleurs de lys; centre device consisting of the crowned arms of the Dauphine.

N.B.: the Manuscript "Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757" depicts a white cross on the colonel colour

Ordonnance Colours: blue field and a white cross; each canton was sown with golden fleurs de lys; centre device consisting of the crowned arms of the Dauphine.

Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Anon.: Manuscript Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757, tome I, Musée de l'Armée, Paris

Évrard P.: Praetiriti Fides

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris, 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service historique de l'armée de terre, Archives du génie, article 15, section 1, §5, pièce 23

Sommaire des forces armées Françaises à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur de la France - 1er Août 1757, Service Historique de l'armée de terre

Vial J. L.: Nec Pluribus Impar

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.