La Marck Infanterie

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Origin and History

The regiment was created as Konigsmark Infanterie on August 10 1680 from four independent companies of the Rhine and 12 companies from the disbanded Furstenberg Infanterie.

During the War of the Polish Succession, the regiment was at Philippsburg in 1734. In 1735, it was at Reggiolo and in 1736 at Cambrai.

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment first served in Bavaria in 1742 and 1743. In 1744, it was transferred to Flanders. In 1745, it was stationed in Alsace and in 1746 on the Meuse River. In 1747 and 1748, it served in Flanders once more.

The regiment counted two battalions.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 66th. It belonged to Lieutenant-General Comte de la Marck but was under the effective command of:

  • from April 16 1738 to October 19 1773: Aspremont (Baron de Wimpffen as per Taccoli)

On January 18 1760, when the German Infantry was reorganised, the regiment was increased to three battalions by the incorporation of the second battalion of the disbanded Lowendahl Infanterie.

Service during the War

In 1757, the regiment joined the Army of the Lower Rhine commanded by the Maréchal d'Estrées for the planned invasion of Hanover. At the end of June, it was at the camp of Bielefeld with d'Estrées' Main Corps. On November 5, under the Comte de Lorges, it took part in the Battle of Rossbach where it was placed in the second line of the centre. At the end of the year, it took its winter-quarters in the first line of the French army: one battalion at Goslar, the other at Clausthal.

In February 1758, when Ferdinand of Brunswick launched his winter offensive in Western Germany, the regiment retired on the Rhine with the rest of the French army. From March 30 to April 4, it was in the second line of Clermont's Army in the camp of Wesel on the Lower Rhine. In April, when Clermont redeployed his army along the Rhine, the regiment was placed in the second line in the area of Cologne. After the successful crossing of the Rhine by Ferdinand's Army on May 31, the regiment retired towards Rheinberg where it joined Clermont's Army on June 2. It remained in this camp, where it was placed in the centre of the second line, until June 12. On August 5, the regiment formed part of Chevert's Corps and took part in the Combat of Mehr where it was brigaded with Reding Infanterie to form the left wing. It did not behave very well and was broken by an enemy charge. By August 20, the regiment was operating as an independent force.

On March 13 1759, upon Broglie's request, d'Armentières sent a corps (1,400 foot and 1,200 horse, including La Marck Infanterie) under the command of d'Auvet. This corps took post at Hachenburg with detachments at Siegen.

By the end of January 1760, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in the third line of the French army along the Rhine and the Main from its mouth. By mid March, the regiment was billeted in Bacharach, still in the third line. By May 23, the regiment was part of the second line of Broglie's Army, placed under the command of the Prince de Croy. On July 31, the Saxon Contingent and La Marck Brigade drove Kielmansegg's Corps out of its defensive positions near Kassel. By September 19, the regiment was attached to Prince Xavier's Corps, forming part of the first line of his left column. By December 30, the regiment had taken its winter-quarters in Gemünden.

To do: campaigns from 1761 to 1762

Uniform

The following description has been verified against the manuscript "Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757, tome I" and Taccoli's book published in 1760.

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes Militaires 1756 and 1758, Etat Militaire 1758, 1760 and 1761, Abrégé du Dictionnaire Militaire 1759

completed when necessary with information from Taccoli and the manuscript of 1757
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced silver (with a white cockade as per Taccoli)
Grenadier black tricorne laced silver

towards 1759, bearskins became increasingly common among grenadiers of the French Army

Neck stock black
Coat blue lined blue (yellow in 1756-57, blue in 1757-60, white in 1760-61) with 3 white trimmed buttonholes (4 as per the manuscript of 1757) below the lapel
Collar yellow (none as per Taccoli)
Shoulder Straps yellow fastened with a pewter button (left shoulder only)
Lapels yellow with 7 pewter buttons (on one side) and 7 white trimmed buttonholes down to the pocket (on both sides)

N.B.: no lapel as per Taccoli

Pockets horizontal pockets, each pocket with 3 pewter buttons and 3 white trimmed buttonholes (4 as per the manuscript of 1757)
Cuffs narrow yellow cuffs en botte, each with 3 pewter buttons and 3 white trimmed buttonholes (4 as per the manuscript of 1757) (blue cuffs as per Taccoli)
Turnbacks blue (yellow in 1756-57, blue in 1757-60, white in 1760-61)
Waistcoat blue (white before 1758 and from 1760) with one row of small pewter buttons; horizontal pockets with small pewter buttons
Breeches blue (white before 1758 and from 1760)
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard black with a white metal tip
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

n/a

Colours

Colonel Colour: white field semée with golden fleurs de lys; centre device consisting of a golden sun surmounted by a red scroll bearing the motto “Nec Pluribus Impar” in gold and with a blue imperial globe and a golden cross beneath.

Ordonnance Colour: field consisting of 3 rows of red and white squares in a checkerboard pattern; centre device consisting of a blue frame carrying three golden fleurs de lys surrounded by a laurel wreath and surmounted by a red and gold crown.

Colonel Colour - Source: PMPdeL
Ordonnance Colour - Source: PMPdeL

References

Anon.: Manuscript Troupes du Roi, Infanterie française et étrangère, année 1757, tome I, Musée de l'Armée, Paris

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (a website who has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Mollo, John: Uniforms of the Seven Years War 1756-63

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris, 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006

Service historique de l'armée de terre - Archives du génie, article 15, section 1, §5, pièce 23

Taccoli, Alfonso: Teatro Militare dell' Europa, Part 1, vol. 2; Madrid, March 1760

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.