Langermann Dragoons

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Langermann Dragoons

Origin and History

The regiment was formed in Magdeburd in 1744 when Dragoner Regiment Nr. 7 was subdivided into two distinct regiments. The new regiment garrisoned Insterburg and Ragnit.

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted 5 squadrons.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • since December 24 1751: Adolf Friedrich von Langermann
  • from March 4 1757 to July 6 1787: Dubislav Friedrich von Platen ("Alt-Platen")

Service during the War

In 1757, the regiment was part of Lehwaldt's army assigned to the defence of East Prussia against a Russian invasion. On August 30, at the battle of Gross-Jägersdorf, it was deployed in the first line of the cavalry left wing under lieutenant-general Schorlemmer. During this battle, the regiment lost 33 men.

In April 1758, the regiment was detached to Stolp (actual Slupsk), along with some infantry, from the Prussian army operating in Swedish Pomerania to check the incursions of Russian cossacks sent forward after the invasion of East Prussia. In June, it was part of Platen's corps opposing this invasion. On August 25, the regiment fought at the battle of Zorndorf where it formed part of the reserve behind the left wing. It was part of the brigade of dragoons who, around 11:50 am, delivered a deadly counter attack and threw Gaugreben’s brigade back into the ranks of the Russian infantry causing disorder and confusion. Frederick then sent the regiment to reinforce his right wing but changed his mind and recalled it to the left where they charged the Russian infantry. During this battle, the regiment lost 9 officers and 119 privates. On October 24, the regiment, who was following up the retiring Russian army, took possession of Massow (actual Maszewo). On October 25, the regiment was part of Wobersnow's detachment sent by Dohna to lift the siege of Colberg. The detachment marched from Stargard to Massow. On November 18, 3 squadrons of the regiment took part to the combat of Güstow, charging and breaking the Swedish cavalry.

On July 23 1759, the regiment fought at the battle of Paltzig as part of Dohna's army. A few weeks later, on August 12, it took part to the bloody battle of Kunersdorf where it was deployed in Finck's corps on the left wing, suffering heavy casualties.

On June 23 1760, 4 squadrons of the regiment fought were at Landeshut. They managed to escape from the trap laid by the Austrians but lost 255 men, 2 standards and a pair of kettledrums.

To do: more details on the campaigns from 1759 to 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1757
Headgear black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small white button and white within red pompons

N.B.: for combat, the tricorne was reinforced with an iron cap

Neckstock black
Coat cobalt blue with 2 white buttons under the lapel and 3 white buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar red
Shoulder strap left shoulder: blue fastened with a white button
right shoulder: white with a white aiguillette
Lapels red with 6 white buttons grouped 2 by 2
Pockets horizontal pockets each with 2 white buttons
Cuffs red (Swedish style) with 2 white buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat straw yellow with one row of small white buttons and horizontal pockets, each with white buttons
Breeches buff
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black leather
Scabbard brown leather
Bayonet scabbard brown leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red with pointed corners; bordered with a wide white braid decorated with 2 thin blue braids
Housings red pointed housings; bordered with a wide white braid decorated with 2 thin blue braids
Blanket roll cobalt blue


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.

Officers

Langermann Dragoons Officer Lace - Source: Kling, C., Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres

The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade (attached with a silver fastener) and black and silver pompons
  • 8 silver buttonholes


Musicians

Langermann Dragoons Drummer Lace - Source: Kling, C., Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres

Drummers of the regiments wore the same uniform as the troopers but decorated on the seams with a white lace decorated with 4 red stripes(2 narrow inner stripes and 2 wide outer stripes).

Colours

Standards were made of damask. They were swallow-tailed and measured some 50 cm along the pole, 65 cm from the pole to the extremity of a point and 50 cm from the pole to the centre of the indentation. The cords and knots were of silver threads. The pole of the standard was a black tournament lance reinforced with iron hinges. The golden spearhead wore the crowned monogram of Frédéric (FR).

N.B.: the regiment simultaneously carried standards dating from Frederick Wilhelm I and wearing his monogram (FWR) and standards wearing Frederick II's monogram (FR).

Colonel Standard (Leibstandarte): white field with waved red corners, fringed gold with a black central medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and decorated with an armed golden eagle surmounted by a white scroll laced gold bearing the golden motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Decoration in gold in each corner (crowns, laurel wreaths and “FR” ciphers). Squadron Standard (Eskadronstandarte): black field with waved red corners, fringed gold with a silver central medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and decorated with an armed black eagle surmounted by a black scroll laced gold bearing the golden motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Decoration in gold in each corner (crowns, laurel wreaths and “FR” ciphers).
Colonel Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert
Squadron Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert

References

Funcken, Liliane and Fred , Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Nelke, R., Preussen

Thümmler, L.-H., Preußische Militärgeschichte

Vial J. L., Nec Pluribus Impar

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.