Lantingshausen, Albrekt

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Jakob Albrekt Lantingshausen

Swedish Major-General (1747-52), Lieutenant-General (1757-58), Commander-in-chief of the Swedish field army in Pomerania (November 1758 to July 1761)

born November 4, 1699, Reval (present-day Tallin), Sweden (in present-day Estonia)

died December 6, 1769, Stockholm, Sweden

Description

Albrekt Lantingshausen - Source: Gunnar W. Bergman

Albrekt Lantingshausen was born in Reval in 1699. He was the only son of General Gotthard Henrik Lantingshausen and Jakobina Staël von Holstein.

On October 28 1704, his father was killed in the battle of Punitz and Jakob Albrekt Lantingshausen remained his sole male descendant.

In 1714, Lantingshausen joined the Swedish "Page Corps."

In 1717, Lantingshausen volunteered in the Livregemente till hast.

In 1718, Lantingshausen became cornet in the Hallands Infantry Regiment and shortly afterwards lieutenant in the same regiment.

In 1718 and 1719, Lantingshausen took part in the campaigns in Norway, distinguishing himself in a combat against the Danes.

In 1720, when the Hallands Infantry Regiment was disbanded after the Great Norhtern War, Lantingshausen was transferred to a regiment of dragoons where he became captain. This dragoon regiment was equally disbanded.

From 1722, Lantingshausen spent two years studying military science at his uncle's (Colonel Staël von Holstein) estate.

In 1724, Lantingshausen entered into the French service and joined Alsace Infanterie stationed in the French border province of Alsace. For several years, he studied administration, soon gaining the reputation of a capable and skilled officer. He also became acquainted with the House of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld.

In 1736, Lantingshausen was selected by the Archduchess of Pfalz-Zweibrücken as governor of her two sons. One of these was destined to become a Swedish crown prince with the support of Charles XII's sister Ulrika Ellionora. However, the Russian empress intervened to make sure that her own protégé”, Adolf Frederic the Fürstbishoff (prince bishop) of Lübeck, would inherit the throne of Sweden.

In 1737 and 1738, Lantingshausen sojourned at Leiden with his pupils who were attending university there.

In 1739, Lantingshausen went to Paris with his pupils for their studies.

In 1740, on the eve of the War of the Austrian Succession, Lantingshausen rejoined Alsace Infanterie were he had been promoted captain. He then campaigned with the French Army against Austria. In 1743, he was promoted to major in the same regiment. On April 15, 1745, at the battle of Pfaffenhofenhen, he made a good impression on the French commanders and was promoted brigadier.

In 1746, Lantingshausen returned to Sweden where he joined the “Hats Party”.

In 1747, Lantingshausen was appointed major-general in the Swedish Army. He also assumed command of an infantry regiment of conscripts in Gothenburg (present-day Göteborg). He was considered as a very able organiser.

In 1748, Lantingshausen married Countess Anna Sofia von Fersen. The same year, he became commander of the Svärdsorden.

In 1749, Lantingshausen was appointed chef of the Garrison Regiment Göteborg.

In 1752, Lantingshausen left the Swedish army.

In 1757, at the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, Lantingshausen rejoined the Swedish Army as a lieutenant-general. He was made responsible for the transport of Swedish troops to Pomerania. Soldiers embarked at Karlskrona, Dalarön (south-east of Stockholm, present-day Haninge), Göteborg (on the west coast of Sweden), Umeå in the north and in the Finnish ports of Jacobstad and Vasa.

In November 1758, Lantingshausen was appointed commander-in-chief of the Swedish field army operating in Pomerania. On December 20, he assumed command of the army.

At the beginning of 1759, during the Prussian winter offensive in Pomerania led by Manteuffel, the Swedes lost Demmin (January 18) and Anklam (January 21). In late spring, Lantingshausen launched a counter-offensive against the Prussians. Finally, on August 21, the Swedish army crossed the Peene marking the border between Swedish and Prussian Pomerania. On September 10, the Swedes won the naval combat of Neuwarp in the Stettiner Haff. This allowed them to conquer the town of Usedom, where the later commander of the Swedish light brigade Jacob Magnus Sprengtporten, captain of the grenadiers, stormed the city and took a lot of Prussian prisoners. The Swedish offensive against the Oder islands represented the greatest Swedish success of the war. Indeed the Swedes captured 1,750 Prussian prisoners and 130 heavy guns, mortars and cannons as well as the largest part of the Prussian flotilla.

At the beginning of 1760, during the campaign in Pomerania, there was heavy fighting between Lantingshausen and Manteuffel. The latter initially had the upper hand but later on, Lantingshausen aggressively chased Manteuffels troops back to Anklam. The Swedes bivouacked at Peenedamm and then launched a surprise attack on Anklam which they recaptured taking General Manteuffel prisoner along with 150 of his men. In the spring, several Swedish nobles left the army to participate in the Swedish four chambers parliament. In the following summer, Lantingshausen tried an offensive against the Ückerline in an attempt to seize Prussian magazines and to feed his army on enemy country. On November 4, Lantingshausen asked to be relieved of his command. The same year, on February 18, Lantingshausen received the title of baron.

Lantingshausen had to wait until the summer of 1761 to be relieved of his command. Ehrensvärd arrived in Pomerania in July and found the Swedish troops well trained and organised by Lantingshausen. There was 5% sick soldiers, the best figure in the entire war in Pomerania. The same year, Lantingshausen became Governor of Stockholm.

In 1764, Lantingshausen became knight of the Seraphinorden.

Lantingshausen died in Stockholm on December 6, 1769.

Lantingshausen was a hard working man, preparing himself and pondering every decision that he made, but he was not a natural leader as for instance the much more aggressive Ehrensvärd. Lantingshausen's motto was: “Nobody's slave, nobody's tyrant”.

References

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 8 Zorndorf und Hochkirch, Berlin, 1910, Anhang 70

Säve, Teofron; Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762, Beijers Bokförlagsaktiebolag, Stockholm, 1915, p. 298

Swedish Wikipedia - Jakob Albrekt von Lantinghausen

Acknowledgments

Gunnar W. Bergman for the initial version of this article