Liégeois Infantry Organisation

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Introduction

Two Walloon regiments were raised in the region of Liège in 1757. Each of these regiments counted two battalions. Their organisation differed from the organisation of the French infantry regiments.

Composition and Organisation of a Regiment

Regiments were ranked according to their seniority. This was THE rule regulating precedence in the French army of this period. However, they were always designated by a name.

Regimental Staff

The regimental staff comprised:

  • 1 colonel
  • 1 lieutenant-colonel
  • 1 major
  • 1 aide-major (for each battalion)
  • 1 interpreter
  • 1 chaplain
  • 1 surgeon
  • 1 auditor
  • 1 provost
  • 1 clerk
  • 1 tambour-major
  • 2 archers (provosts)
  • 1 justice executioner

The regulation of January 1 1755 had restored the privilege of the colonel and lieutenant-colonel to command the two senior companies, this permission had previously been abolished in February 1749.

Organisation of a Battalion

The Walloon regiments counted 8 companies per battalion. Therefore, these battalions totalled (excluding staff) 42 officers (including 2 ensigns) and 680 men.

Organisation of a Company

A company consisted of:

  • 5 officers
    • 1 captain
    • 1 second-captain
    • 1 first-lieutenant
    • 2 lieutenants
  • 1 ensign (a lieutenant present only in the two first companies)
  • 9 NCOs
    • 3 sergeants
    • 1 fourrier
    • 2 captain of arms
    • 3 corporals
  • 1 fourrier-schutz
  • 6 grenadiers
  • 6 ansepessades (lance-corporals)
  • 61 fusiliers
  • 1 carpenter
  • 2 drummers

References

Bacquet, Capitaine d’infanterie: L’infanterie française au XVIIIe siècle – L’organisation, Paris: Berger-Levrault, 1907, p. 65

Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 5 Hastenbeck und Roßbach, Berlin, 1903, Appendix 10

Vial, Jean-Louis: Nec Pluribus Impar