Lubomirski, Prince Kacper
Lubomirski, Prince Kacper
Major-general (1757-1758) and lieutenant-general (1759-1761) in the Russian Army
born May 9, 1724
died June 6, 1780
Prince Kacper was the son of Teodor Lubomirski.
In 1757, at the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, Lubomirski was serving in the Russian Army. He took part in the campaign in East Prussia. By June 17, he was commanding the vanguard (1 infantry brigade and 4 cavalry sqns) of the Russian main body. On August 30, he took part in the Battle of Gross-Jägersdorf where he commanded a brigade of 1st Division (Fermor) which consisted of the 1st Grenadier (2 bns) and Nizegorodskiy Infantry (3 bns). This brigade fought in the Norkitten woods.
In January 1758, Major-General Lubomirski commanded one of the five columns who proceeded to the invasion of East Prussia. In July, he was at the head of the 1st Brigade of the 1st Division (Saltykov) which consisted of the 1st Grenadier (2 bns) and Rostovskiy Infantry (2 bns). On August 25, Lubomirski and his brigade fought in the Battle of Zorndorf where he was posted in the first line of infantry of the right wing. He was wounded during this battle. On October 5, he was detached to Passkrug with 4,000 infantry and some light troops to strengthen the defence of the pass. In November, he was assigned to the 3rd Division where he assumed command of a new brigade consisting of the 3rd Grenadier and Rostovskiy Infantry. His troops (3rd Grenadier, Rostovskiy Infantry, Chernigovskiy Infantry and Butyrskiy Infantry) took their winter-quarters in Culm (present-day Chełmno).
In April 1759, Lubomirski was transferred to the 2nd division (Villebois). On July 23, he took part in the Battle of Paltzig where he commanded 3 infantry regiments (Pskovskiy, Rostovskiy, Narvskiy). In this battle his brigade was deployed on left-centre of the first line, next to the Observation Corps. In August, his brigade along with all dragoon regiments of the army and 500 cossacks, deployed in a cordon along the Warta River to cover the Russian supply lines. By mid-August, Lubomirski commanded a brigade of the 2nd Division (Golitzin). However, on August 12, at the Battle of Kunersdorf, Lubomirski fought in the 3rd Division (Rumyantsev). In this battle, his brigade (Rostovskiy, Apsheronskiy, Pskovskiy) was once more deployed in the first line on the left-centre wing next to the Observation Corps. He received heavy wounds and went away after the battle to recover.
Lubomirski probably left the army before the end of the campaign of 1761 ended because, from then on, no source mentions him any more.
In 1767, Lubomirski followed the Russian ambassador in Poland as deputy of Seym (aka Repnin's Seym).
In 1768, when an assembly of Polish nobles (szlachta) formed the Bar Confederation to defend the internal and external independence of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth against Russian influence, Lubomirski supported Russia.
In 1769, Lubomirski was taken into captivity by the Confederates. Once freed, he fought against the Confederates at the head of Russians forces.
Tomasz Karpiński from Gniezno/Poznań for the initial version of this article