Origin and History
The ship was initially built by Rosewell at Chatham Dockyard and launched on January 20 1709.
The ship was rebuilt at Deptford Dockyard and relaunched on April 25 1738.
On July 23 1745, during the War of the Austrian Succession, the ship engaged the French Elizabeth (56) and a smaller vessel (16 guns). The Lyon was disabled during the engagement and could not stop the French from sailing to Brest.
During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:
- in January 1759: captain William Trelawney
- in 1762: captain Le Cross
The ship was sold in 1765.
Service during the War
At the beginning of January 1759, the ship was among the fleet assembled at Carlisle Bay in Barbados under commodore John Moore for the planned expedition against the Martinique and Guadeloupe islands. On January 13, the whole British force sailed for Martinique Island. On January 15, the fleet lay off the bay of Fort Royal (actual Fort de France). On January 18, after an unsuccessful attempt of the land troops to capture Fort Royal, the British fleet proceeded to Saint-Pierre, the second town in Martinique. On January 19, the attack of the coastal batteries failed and commodore Moore decided to redirect his efforts against the island of Guadeloupe. On January 22, the British fleet reached Basse-Terre. On January 23, the ship was sent against a 9 guns battery while other vessels bombarded the citadel and town of Basse-Terre which were almost entirely destroyed. Her captain was wounded during this action. On January 24, British troops landed and occupied the town. Until March 11, most of the fleet remained idle in front of Basse-Terre. Moore then transported most of the land forces to Fort Louis before falling back to Prince Rupert's Bay in the Island of Dominica, in order to cover Basse-Terre and the British Leeward Islands from the threat of the newly arrived French squadron. The island of Guadeloupe finally capitulated on May 1.
In 1762, the ship took part in the blockade of Brest and captured the Zéphyr (32) when it tried to escape with supplies for Newfoundland.
To do: more details on the campaigns from 1760 to 1762
|Length at gundeck||144 ft (43.9 m)|
|Width||41 ft 5 in (12.6 m)|
|Depth||16 ft 11 in (5.2 m)|
|Displacement||1068 long tons (1085 t.)|
Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy
N.B.: the section Service during the War is derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.