From Project SYW
Battles and Encounters
|The French blog Figurines et Champs de Batailles for the outstanding work involved in its wargame scenario on the Battle of Hastenbeck|
In 1756, more than 250 years ago, the major powers of Europe became entangled in a conflict now known as the Seven Years' War that was to last until 1763. It involved all the major powers of Europe, with Austria, France, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and later Spain siding against the alliance of Great Britain, Hanover, Prussia, and later Portugal.
The war had in fact started in 1755 in North America and India where France and Great Britain were struggling for colonial supremacy. In Europe, Maria Theresa of Austria had undertaken intense diplomatic efforts to forge an alliance against Prussia with the goal of wresting the lost province of Silesia from the Prussian grasp.
Frederick II of Prussia invaded Saxony in 1756 and Bohemia in 1757. However, he had to abandon Bohemia after the defeat of Kolin. Prussians were now on the defensive against Austrians in Silesia, Franco-Imperials in Saxony and Russians in East Prussia. Frederick II saved Prussia by two brilliant victories at Rossbach and Leuthen. Meanwhile France had successfully invaded Hanover but was soon pushed back to the Rhine.
In North America, the first years of the conflict turned to the advantage of France. In Asia, Bengal was virtually under British rule by the end of 1757.
From 1758, Prussia managed to contain its enemies on all fronts. In 1762, it was on the verge of being defeated when the Tsarina died leaving the throne to Peter III, who held Frederick II in high esteem. Consequently, the new Tsar sided with Prussia.
Meanwhile, year after year, the struggle between France and the Anglo-Hanoverians in Western Germany remained inconclusive. By the end of each campaign the belligerents were basically back to their initial positions.
In 1762, a new front opened in the Iberian Peninsula where a Franco-Spanish army vainly attempted the conquest of Portugal.
Early in 1763, all belligerents made peace, leaving the political map of Europe almost unchanged. However, Great Britain had eliminated its most important competitor for the domination of the world, and Prussia had survived the war, a feat all by itself... (more...)
|The 2013 donation campaign has produced a total of 2165 $CAD. This is a 34% increase over last year. Thank you! These donations are invested in web hosting and the acquisition and integration of additional documentation. For 2014, you have started, as early as January 2, to make donations. Thank you very much for your continuous support.
To make a donation (Paypal or main credit cards) click here.
(click on the image for a detailed breakdown of donations for 2014)
Warning: Before using our plates as reference to paint figurines or to reconstruct uniforms or colours, please read our disclaimer.
The Seven Years' War Project now numbers 2,368 articles and 3,722 images.
This week, we went through the documentation on the Austrian Army in the first volume of the Neues Generalstabswerk.
From July 14 to 20, we have created/improved the following articles: