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The Seven Years War in a few words
Frederick II of Prussia in 1763 - Source: Wikimedia Commons

In 1756, more than 250 years ago, the major powers of Europe became entangled in a conflict now known as the Seven Years War that was to last until 1763. It involved all the major powers of Europe, with Austria, France, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and later Spain siding against the alliance of Great Britain, Hanover, Prussia, and later Portugal.

The war had in fact started in 1754 in North America and India where France and Great Britain were struggling for colonial supremacy. In Europe, Maria Theresa of Austria had undertaken intense diplomatic efforts to forge an alliance against Prussia with the goal of wresting the lost province of Silesia from the Prussian grasp.

Frederick II of Prussia invaded Saxony in 1756 and Bohemia in 1757. However, he had to retire from Bohemia after the defeat of Kolin. Prussians were now on the defensive against Austrians in Silesia, Franco-Imperials in Saxony and Russians in East Prussia. Frederick II saved Prussia by two brilliant victories at Rossbach and Leuthen. Meanwhile France had successfully invaded Hanover but was soon pushed back to the Rhine.

In North America, the first years of the conflict turned to the advantage of France. In Asia, Bengal was virtually under British rule by the end of 1757.

From 1758, Prussia managed to contain its enemies on all fronts. In 1762, it was on the verge of being defeated when the Tsarina died leaving the throne to Peter III, who held Frederick II in high esteem. Consequently, the new Tsar sided with Prussia.

Meanwhile, year after year, the struggle between France and the Anglo-Hanoverians in Western Germany remained inconclusive. By the end of each campaign the belligerents were basically back to their initial positions.

In America, Africa and Asia, the tide turned in 1758. Great Britain had successfully conquered Senegal (1758), Guadeloupe (1759), Canada (1759-60), Dominica (1761), Martinique (1762) and Cuba (1762).

In 1762, a new front opened in the Iberian Peninsula where a Franco-Spanish army vainly attempted the conquest of Portugal.

Early in 1763, all belligerents made peace, leaving the political map of Europe almost unchanged. However, Great Britain had eliminated its most important competitor for the domination of the world, and Prussia had survived the war, a feat all by itself... (more...)

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Digby Smith's new book on the Seven Years War

Digby Smith, the celebrated military historian, has just published the first volume of a series dedicated to the events of the Seven Years War. This 300 pages volume covers comprehensively the world-wide events to the Battle of Rossbach. It includes 51 maps, 38 orders of battle, and an effective gazetteer of place names to make the understanding of campaigns possible.

The book is available from Ken Trotman Books.

Digby Smith's new book on the Seven Years War

This 296 pages volume covers the world-wide events in 1758 and 1759 with a particular emphasis on the annus Mirabilis of 1759 with great victories by British forces over their French opponents. It includes 78 maps, 83 orders of battle, and continues to provide a gazetteer of place names to make the understanding of campaigns possible.

The book is available from Ken Trotman Books.

Project SYW needs your continuous support
The 2015 donation campaign has produced a total of 1850 $CAD. Thank you very much for your continuous support! These donations are invested in web hosting and the acquisition and integration of additional documentation.

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Image of the week: Detail of a fresco of the Castle of Brezovica in Croatia, illustrating the Battle of Lobositz on October 1, 1756 - Copyright: Castle of Trakošćan

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