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Germania Figuren produces a growing range of resin 1/72 figurines for the period of the Seven Years' War. The range already includes Hungarian fusiliers and grenadiers as well as Grenzer infantry. Austrian cuirassiers, dragoons and artillery, and Hungarian hussars will soon be added. The Prussian and Russian armies are planned for 2016.

The Seven Years War in a few words
Frederick II of Prussia in 1763 - Source: Wikimedia Commons

In 1756, more than 250 years ago, the major powers of Europe became entangled in a conflict now known as the Seven Years War that was to last until 1763. It involved all the major powers of Europe, with Austria, France, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and later Spain siding against the alliance of Great Britain, Hanover, Prussia, and later Portugal.

The war had in fact started in 1754 in North America and India where France and Great Britain were struggling for colonial supremacy. In Europe, Maria Theresa of Austria had undertaken intense diplomatic efforts to forge an alliance against Prussia with the goal of wresting the lost province of Silesia from the Prussian grasp.

Frederick II of Prussia invaded Saxony in 1756 and Bohemia in 1757. However, he had to retire from Bohemia after the defeat of Kolin. Prussians were now on the defensive against Austrians in Silesia, Franco-Imperials in Saxony and Russians in East Prussia. Frederick II saved Prussia by two brilliant victories at Rossbach and Leuthen. Meanwhile France had successfully invaded Hanover but was soon pushed back to the Rhine.

In North America, the first years of the conflict turned to the advantage of France. In Asia, Bengal was virtually under British rule by the end of 1757.

From 1758, Prussia managed to contain its enemies on all fronts. In 1762, it was on the verge of being defeated when the Tsarina died leaving the throne to Peter III, who held Frederick II in high esteem. Consequently, the new Tsar sided with Prussia.

Meanwhile, year after year, the struggle between France and the Anglo-Hanoverians in Western Germany remained inconclusive. By the end of each campaign the belligerents were basically back to their initial positions.

In America, Africa and Asia, the tide turned in 1758. Great Britain had successfully conquered Senegal (1758), Guadeloupe (1759), Canada (1759-60), Dominica (1761), Martinique (1762) and Cuba (1762).

In 1762, a new front opened in the Iberian Peninsula where a Franco-Spanish army vainly attempted the conquest of Portugal.

Early in 1763, all belligerents made peace, leaving the political map of Europe almost unchanged. However, Great Britain had eliminated its most important competitor for the domination of the world, and Prussia had survived the war, a feat all by itself... (more...)

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In 2016, you donated 2,150 $CAD, thank you for your support! These donations allow us to give free access to nearly 2,500 articles and 4,000 illustrations and continue improving "Project SYW". Please consider making a donation to support this initiative. Donations are invested in web hosting and in the acquisition and integration of additional documentation.
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Image of the week: Uniform of Corps Béthune (one of the free corps raised in the Austrian Netherlands)
Source: adapted from "Zinnsoldat"
Courtesy: Dieter Müller's collection

The Seven Years' War Project now offers free access to 2,469 articles and 4,067 images.

Hint Thanks mainly to the efforts of Tony Flores, we are currently improving the quality of many maps and adding new ones. Some of you might not know that the maps with the highest resolution are not displayed by default. So to get these high resolution maps, please use the following example:

  • in the main article, click on the map, this will display a page containing a map with a higher resolution
  • just below the map, check for the links identified as Other resolutions and click on the highest resolution offered

...you'll be surprised by the quality of these maps, especially for those published recently.

From June 13 to 19, we have created/improved the following articles:

(see News Archives...)