Markgraf von Brandenburg-Schwedt Fusiliers
Origin and History
This fusilier regiment was established on July 17 1741, after the capture of Brieg, by colonel von Stechow from the Garrison-Regiment No. 6, from grenadiers originally belonging to the Württemberger Erbprinz regiment and from prisoners recently exchanged with the Austrians. On November 11, the Markgraf Heinrich von Brandenburg was appointed commander of the regiment.
During the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1744, the regiment joined Marwitz's corps who secured Upper Silesia. In 1745, it was part of the Prussian force defending Schweidnitz.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the nominal command of Heinrich margrave of Brandenburg. However, effective command was assumed by the successive lieutenant-colonels:
- since May 28 1753: Balthasar Rudolf von Schenckendorff
- from April 22 1760 to April 2 1764: Heinrich Werner von Kleist
The numbering system (Stammliste) was first used by Leopold I., Fürst von Anhalt-Dessau (Der alte Dessauer) in the Dessauer Spezifikation from 1737. Around 1780 the numbers were used in the printed Stammlisten, still with some variations for the fusilier regiments. It became official by "Cabinets-Ordre" from October 1, 1806. The present infantry regiment was attributed number 42.
Service during the War
In 1756, the regiment was part of the army of Silesia under field-marshal Schwerin. During this campaign, this army remained on the border between Silesia and Bohemia.
On January 9 1757, the regiment was reinforced with some 300 men. In April, it took part in the invasion of Bohemia. On May 6, the regiment took part to the battle of Prague where it was deployed on the extreme left of the second line of the infantry centre in Kalckreuth's brigade. After this battle, the regiment took part in the siege of Prague. On July 22, during the Prussian retreat, the II. Battalion was captured while attempting to escape from Zittau which was besieged by the Austrians who had invaded Silesia.
On July 23 1760, the I. Battalion took part to the combat of Landeshut where it suffered heavy losses. The battalion finally surrendered.
To do: add details for the campaigns from 1759 to 1762
N.B.: During the war the grenadiers from the wing grenadier companies were put together with the grenadiers of Fusilier Regiment 33, forming the Grenadier Batallion 33/42 (please refer to this article for the details of the service of the grenadiers during the war).
|Coat||Prussian blue lined red with 2 yellow buttons on the right side at the waist and 3 yellow buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Privates were armed with a short musket, a bayonet and a curved blade sabre.
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the privates with the following distinctions:
- no shoulder straps
- golden laced cuffs
- yellowish leather gloves
- black and white sabre tassel
NCOs were armed with a sabre and a white half-pikes measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.37 m.) in the fusilier companies and 13 Rhenish feet (4.10 m.) in the grenadier companies (carried by the 3 most senior NCOs while other grenadier NCOs were armed with rifled muskets since 1744).
NCOs also carried canes (normally attached to a button at the top of the right front while carrying the half-pike).
Officers had tricorne wearing a golden scalloped lace, black and white quartered pompoms and a black cockade fastened with a golden strap and a yellow button. They always wore tricornes notwithstanding if they were commanding fusiliers or grenadiers. They also wore a black and silver sash around the waist. They carried an officer stick and a silver and gold gorget. Their coats were similar to those of the privates but had no turnbacks.
Officers carried white spontoons measuring 7 ½ Rhenish feet (2.36 m.).
The lace of the drummers consisted of narrow (1.9 cm) and wide (2.4 cm) white braids decorated with orange zigzaged stripes. The coat, lapels, pockets and cuffs were edged with this lace. Shoulder decorated with 4 vertical laces and 1 horizontal lace.
Colonel flag (Leibfahne): White field with orange corner wedges. Centre device consisting of an orange medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and surmounted by a gold crown. The medallion is decorated with a black eagle surmounted by a white scroll bearing the golden motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Corner monograms (crowns, laurel wreaths, ciphers) and grenades in gold.
Regimental flags (Kompaniefahnen): Orange field with white corner wedges. Centre device consisting of an orange medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and surmounted by a gold crown. The medallion is decorated with a black eagle surmounted by a white scroll bearing the golden motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Corner monograms (crowns, laurel wreaths, ciphers) and grenades in gold.
The pikes used as staffs for the colours were white.
Bleckwenn, Hans, Die Uniformen der Preußischen Infanterie 1753-1786, Teil III/Bd. 3, Osnabrück 1973
Bleckwenn, Hans, Die friderzianischen Uniformen 1753-1786, Bd. I Infanterie I, Osnabrück 1984
Boltze, Eberhard; Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen nach dem Stande von 1785 nebst Rückblick bis 1740, Dresden, November 1927, pp. 28-29, Annex III and IV
Brauer, M.; Heer und Tradition / Heeres-Uniformbogen (so-called “Brauer-Bogen”), Berlin 1926 -1962
Engelmann, Joachim and Günter Dorn, Die Infanterie-Regimenter Friedrich des Grossen, Podzun-Pallas, 2000
Funcken, Liliane and Fred, Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle
Die Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung der Armee Friedrichs des Großen: Eine Dokumentation aus Anlaß seines 200. Todesjahres, 2 erw. Auflage, Raststatt 1986
Guddat, Martin; Grenadiere, Musketiere, Füsiliere: Die Infanterie Friedrichs des Großen, Herford 1986
Menzel, Adolf v.: Die Armee Friedrichs des Großen in ihrer Uniformierung, Berlin 1851-1857
Schirmer, Friedrich; Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.