Mars (74)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Mars (74)

Origin and History

The ship was built by William Pownall at the Woolwich Dockyard and launched on March 15 1759.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • from March 1759: captain James Young
  • from 1761: captain sir Richard Spry
  • from 1762 to 1763: captain John Luttrell

In 1778, the ship was transferred to harbour service.

The ship was sold on August 17 1784.

Service during the War

On November 20 1759, the ship was present at the decisive battle of Quiberon who eliminated any serious threat from the French navy for the rest of the war.

On May 8 1760, the ship captured the French privateer Hirondelle.

From March to June 1761, the ship took part in the expedition against Belle-Isle. On August 13, she captured the French Anémone and the privateer Sardoine.

In September 1762, the ship was sent to North America. On September 17, while on her way, she captured the French privateer Amaranthe off Cape Finisterre.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 74
Gun deck 28 x 32-pdrs
Upper gun deck 28 x 18-pdrs
Quarter deck 14 x 9-pdrs
Forecastle 4 x 9-pdrs
Crew 520 to 600 men
Length 165 feet 6 inches (50,44 m)
Width 46 feet 8 inches (14,22 m)
Depth 19 feet 9 inches (6,02 m)
Displacement 1566 tons (1581 tonnes)

References

Blasco, Manuel, 3 Decks Wiki – British 3rd Rates

Harrison, Simon; Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.