Origin and History
The ship was built at Deptford and launched in 1755.
During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:
- in 1758 and 1759: captain Charles Proby
From 1787, she became a receiving ship. In 1802, she was renamed "Arundel".
The ship was broken up in 1811.
Service during the War
On May 30 1757, the ship along with the Eagle (58) intercepted the Duc d'Aquitaine (50), a French East Indiaman, in the bay of Biscay. In August of the same year, the ship joined the fleet assembling at Spithead under the command of sir Edward Hawke. On September 8, this fleet sailed. It escorted 45 transports carrying more then 7,000 foot for an expedition against an undisclosed French port of the Atlantic coast. The raid was finally intended against Rochefort but failed lamentably. On October 6, the expeditionary force, returned home with no tangible results.
On March 11 1758, the ship was part of sir Edward Hawke's squadron (7 ships of the line and 3 frigates) who sailed from Spithead to intercept a French squadron preparing to escort a fleet of transports from Rochefort with troops for America. On the night of April 3, Hawke arrived off Isle d'Aix. On April 4, Hawke's squadron gave chase to some French vessels. On the morning of April 5, the admiral sent in the Intrepid (64), and the Medway (60) with his best pilots. The ships anchored in about 5 fathoms but were unable to engage the French squadron. This expedition effectually prevented the despatch of French supplies to America.
In February 1759, the ship sailed from Spithead in Great Britain as part of the fleet destined for the expedition against Québec. The voyage was long and tedious. On April 21, when the fleet finally reached Louisbourg, it was to find the harbour blocked with ice, so that the fleet made for Halifax instead. The fleet finally sailed for Louisbourg in May. Between June 1 and 6, the fleet gradually left the harbour of Louisbourg and sailed for Québec. On June 23, Saunders' fleet made a junction with Durell's squadron at Isles-aux-Coudres. On June 26, the whole British fleet of vice-admiral Saunders was anchored safely off the southern shore of Isle-d'Orléans, a few km below Québec without loosing a single ship. The town finally surrendered on September 18. At the end of October, vice-admiral Saunders fired his farewell salute and dropped down the Saint-Laurent river with his fleet on his way to Great Britain.
To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1763
Anonymous, A Complete History of the Present War, from its Commencement in 1756, to the End of the Campaign, 1760, London, 1761, pp. 227-232
Blasco, Manuel, British 4th Rates, 3 Decks Wiki
Phillip, Michael, Ships of the Old Navy
- "List of ships of the line of the Royal Navy"
- "HMS Medway"
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.