Origin and History
On the eve of the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1740, the duke Francesco III of Modena could field only his bodyguards (Guardia del Corpo) of 200 men and one infantry regiment: Palude Infantry. In 1740, Francesco III also raised 4 infantry national regiments, including Modena Infantry. These regiments each consisted of 4 companies of 150 men with drafts from the local Militia.
In 1755, the Modenese Army was reorganised. Infantry regiment then consisted of 1 battalion of 4 companies, each of 120 men. The companies were respectively commanded by the colonel, lieutenant-colonel, major and captain. Each regiment also comprised a grenadier company of 52 men. Thus, a regiment amounted to 528 privates, 18 drummers and pipers, 36 corporals, 18 sergeants and 20 officers for a grand total of 620 men.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:
- no information found yet
The regiment was disbanded in 1769.
Service during the War
In April 1759, after the appointment of the Duke Francesco III as governor of Milan by Maria Theresa, there were some 2,700 Modenese soldiers in the territory of Milan assuming garrison duties. However, Modena Infantry remained in Modena.
|Coat||white Austrian cut with white lining
|Waistcoat||red (maybe white) with white buttons|
Troopers were armed with a musket and a bayonet. In addition, grenadiers carried a sabre.
Officers wore uniforms similar to those of privates with the following differences:
- a small red collar
- a silver gorget
- no turnbacks
- a yellow and blue sash worn around the waist
- maybe a white waistcoat
Officers carried a half-pike.
NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of privates with the following differences:
- a small red collar edged silver
- silver laced buttonholes on the lapels and on the pockets of the waistcoat
- red cuffs with silver edging
- no shoulder straps
In 1740, musicians were distinguished only by a blue and white braid on the coat edges and seams.
The drum barrel was made of brass and decorated with turquin blue points edged white.
Colonel colour: blue field bordered with an intricate white frame; centre device consisting of the eagle of the House of Este (white eagle with a gold crown, and golden beak and claws); 1 golden fleur de lys in each corner.
Ordnance colours: turquin blue cross, each canton subdivided into red and blue triangles.
Ales, Stefano; Insegne military preunitarie italiane (1671-1870), Ufficio storico Stato Maggiore Esercito, Roma, 2001
Archivio Stato Modena; 1750 Stato delle Truppe di S.A. S.ma di Modena, Reggio, Mirandola
Ferri Personali, Fabrizio; L'Esercito Estense, in Araldica Nobili e Cavalieri
Menziani, Dr. Alberto; La Storia militare del Ducato di Modena - è tratto dal periodico illustrato di storia, arte, tradizioni e dialetti, in Il Ducato - Terre Estensi, Associazione Culturale “Terra e Identità”, Modena
Vinkhuijzen Collection of military uniforms, Italy – Modena, 1625-1765 New York Public Library
Luc Antonelli for gathering most of the information about this regiment
Dr Marco Pagan for the reconstruction of the colours