Origin and History
The ship was built by Joseph Harris at Sheerness and launched on September 15 1757.
During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:
- in at least February to at least November 1759: captain Joshua Rowley
The ship was sunk to form part of a breakwater in the harbour of Sheerness in August 1774 .
Service during the War
At the beginning of 1758, a British squadron of 11 ships of the line and 9 frigates operated in the Mediterranean under the command of admiral Henry Osborn. This squadron intercepted a smaller French squadron which had sailed from Toulon for North America, forcing it to take refuge in the harbour of Cartagena. In February, the French sent a relief squadron (only 5 ships of the line and a frigate) under M. Duquesne. On February 28, Osborn off Cape de Gata, Osborn sighted these 4 sail near his fleet and ordered them to be chased while the main part of the British squadron continued off Carthagena to watch the French ships there. The Monarch (74) and the Montagu chased the Oriflamme (56) and drove her ashore under the castle of Aiglos. The Oriflamme was not destroyed by reason of neutrality of the coast of Spain. At the end of July, the ship reinforced the British fleet destined for the second expedition against the French Coasts. From July 31 to September 19, she took part to the expedition.
On November 20 1759, the ship was present at the decisive battle of Quiberon who eliminated any serious threat from the French navy for the rest of the war.
To do campaigns from 1760 to 1762
|Length at gundeck||157 ft 3 in (47.9 m)|
|Width||42 ft (12.8 m)|
|Depth||18 ft 6 in (5.6 m)|
|Displacement||1,245 long tons (1,265 t)|
Clowes, Wm. Laird, The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present, Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, pp. 189-190
Phillip, Michael, Ships of the Old Navy
- ”HMS Montagu (1757)”
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.