Nádasdy auf Fogaras, Franz Leopold von
Franz Leopold von Nádasdy auf Fogaras
Austrian General of Cavalry (1745-63)
born September 30 1708, Radkersburg, Steiermark, Austria
died March 22 1783, Karlstadt (present-day Karlovac), Croatia, Austria
Franz Leopold von Nádasdy was born on September 30 1708 in a Hungarian family of old nobility. He was the son of Count Franz and Rosa Countess Schrattenbach.
In 1727, Nádasdy joined the Csáky Hussars.
By 1734, Nádasdy was colonel of the Czungenberg Hussars.
At the beginning of the War of the Austrian Succession, in 1741, Nádasdy bought the former Csáky Hussars (the regiment remained his property till his death). In November of the same year, he captured Neuhaus in Bohemia from a Franco-Bavarian Army. Then, while an Austrian Army besieged Prague, Nádasdy at the head of a body of cavalry raided the French frontier and occupied Neuburg in Upper Palatinate.
In 1743, Nádasdy served in Bavaria where he captured Wasserburg and Friedberg. After defeating Minucci at Braunau in March, he captured Oetting, Burghausen, Mülldorf.
In July 1744, Nádasdy took part in the crossing of the Rhine. Leading the Austrian vanguard. He then won engagements at Hagenau and Elsass-Zabern. The same year, he was promoted major-general.
On February 15 1745, Nádasdy married Maria Maximilliana Countess Rottal. During this campaign, he served in Upper Silesia. On September 30, he took part in the Battle of Soor where he captured the war chest of the Prussian Army. The same year, he was promoted general of cavalry and received the commandment of the fortress of Ofen.
In 1746, Nádasdy was transferred to the Italian theatre of operation. On March 17, he attacked a relief force at Guastalla. On June 16, he took part in the victorious Battle of Piacenza. On August 12, he was at the indecisive Battle of Rottofreddo. He also saw action at Novi and Genoa.
In February 1747, Nádasdy continued the Siege of Genoa during the Austrian retreat.
In 1756, Nádasdy's wife, Maria Maximilliana, died. On September 26, Nádasdy was named Ban (governor) of Dalmatia, Croatia and Slavonia, thus replacing Batthyányi who had resigned from this post in the spring.
In 1757, Nádasdy raised new troops in the Lower Danube countries before joining Daun's Army who was advancing against the Prussian Army for the relief of Prague. On June 18, at the Battle of Kolin, Nádasdy led the decisive flank attack which gave victory to the Austrian Army. After this victory, he received the Great-Cross of the Maria-Theresien-Orden. On August 13, Nádasdy took part in the Combat of Landeshut. On September 7, Nádasdy led the successful attack on an isolated Prussian corps in the Combat of Moys. Finally, on November 13 after besieging Schweidnitz for only 16 days, he captured this important fortress. On December 5 at the Battle of Leuthen, Nádasdy led the cavalry of the Austrian left wing. He suffered from biased reports of his conduct during the battle and never assumed command again for the rest of the war.
In 1758, Nádasdy retired to Croatia where he dedicated his energy to the reorganisation of the Grenz Infanterie regiments of the Balkan provinces of the empire.
On February 15 1759, Nádasdy married again, this time with Maria Susanna Baroness von Rabatinsky.
In 1778, Franz Leopold was promoted commander of the Army of Galicia in prevision of a war against Prussia. As soon as peace was signed, he abandoned the army. He was now 70 years old.
Archenholz, J. W., The History of the Seven Years War in Germany, translated by F. A. Catty, Francfort, 1843, p. 141
Skala, Harald, Österreichische Militärgeschichte