Nightingale (24)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Nightingale (24)

Origin and History

The frigate was built at Rotherhithe and launched in 1746.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • in 1756 and 1757: captain Alexander Campbell
  • in 1759: captain James Campbell

The frigate was stricken off of the fleet in 1774 and used as breakwater.

Service during the War

In 1756, the frigate served on the coast of North America. In July, she captured the French vessel Centaure (probably a merchantman) and brought her to New York. On August 2, the Centaure was declared "lawful prize" by the vice-admiralty.

Early in 1757, the frigate was back in North America. By May 5, Loudon had assembled transports at New York for the planned expedition against Louisbourg. Sir Charles Hardy, governor of New York, was commissioned as rear-admiral of the Blue and chose the Nightingale (24) as his flagship. On June 20, after waiting in vain for Holbourne, Loudon finally put to sea and sailed from Sandy Hook to Halifax where he arrived without meeting any opposition on June 30. By July 10, Loudon had been joined by Holbourne's squadron before Halifax. However on August, when the combined fleet was ready to set sail, Louisbourg had already been reinforced by three French squadron and governor Loudon canceled the whole enterprise.

At the beginning of 1758, the frigate was part of the fleet who assembled at Portsmouth under the command of admiral Edward Boscawen for a new expedition against Louisbourg. On February 19, this fleet set sail for Halifax and finally arrived there on May 9. On May 28, the fleet sailed from Halifax and arrived in sight of Louisbourg on June 1. Throughout the siege of Louisbourg, the fleet actively supported the British army and the fortress finally surrendered on July 26.

In February 1759, the frigate sailed from Spithead in Great Britain as part of the fleet destined for the expedition against Québec. The voyage was long and tedious. On April 21, when the fleet finally reached Louisbourg, it was to find the harbour blocked with ice, so that the fleet made for Halifax instead. The fleet finally sailed for Louisbourg in May. Between June 1 and 6, the fleet gradually left the harbour of Louisbourg and sailed for Québec. On June 23, Saunders' fleet made a junction with Durell's squadron at Isles-aux-Coudres. On June 26, the whole British fleet of vice-admiral Saunders was anchored safely off the southern shore of Isle-d'Orléans, a few km below Québec without loosing a single ship. The town finally surrendered on September 18. At the end of October, vice-admiral Saunders fired his farewell salute and dropped down the Saint-Laurent river with his fleet on his way to Great Britain. However, he also left captain lord Colville in command of a small squadron, including several frigates (maybe this one), in North America.

To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 24

N.B.: reported with 22 guns in 1757 by "Complete History"

Main deck ???
Crew 150
Length ???
Width ???
Depth ???
Displacement ???

References

Anonymous, A Complete History of the Present War, from its Commencement in 1756, to the End of the Campaign, 1760, London, 1761, pp. 202-205, 233-235

New York Vice-Admiralty, Judgment by Lewis Morris in 1756

Phillip, Michael, Ships of the Old Navy

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgments

Bob Cornez for the details on the activities of the frigate in 1756