Numancia Dragoons

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army >> Numancia Dragoons

Origin and History

The regiment was created during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13) according to a royal decree issued on 1 April 1707 by the Duke of Osuna at his own expense for Colonel Diego Gonzalez. It recruited in Andalusia. In 1708, the regiment served with the Army of Extremadura and took part in the sieges of Moura and Serpa. In 1709, it participated in the Battle of La Gudiña and in the blockade of Olivença; in 1710, in the battles of Almenar and Saragossa. After the defeat, it escorted the king to Valladolid. In 1711, the regiment returned to the Army of Extremadura. In 1712, it took part in the unsuccessful siege of Elvas. In 1713, the regiment was transferred to the Army of Catalonia where it fought against bands of Catalan migueletes until 1714. When peace was signed, the regiment was still stationed in Catalonia.

On February 10 1718, the regiment was renamed “Numancia Dragones”. In June, it was transported from Barcelona to Sardinia and then to Sicily where it took part in the siege and capture of Palermo and in the blockade of Syracusa. In 1720, it re-embarked for Spain.

In 1732, the regiment took part in the reconquest of Oran and Mers-el-Kebir.

In 1735, the regiment was allocated to the army of observation stationed in Extremadura. In 1737, when this army was dissolved, the regiment took up cantonments in Almendralejo and Villafranca.

In 1742, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment crossed the Pyrenees and marched to Dauphiné where it joined French units for the planned invasion of Piedmont. In 1743, it was at the capture of Montiers. In 1744, it escorted provision convoys destined to the troops attacking the Lines of Monte Albano. In 1745, it captured Codogno. In 1746, it occupied Vercelli, Guastalla and Reggio and fought in the engagement of Codogno and in the Battle of Piacenza. In 1747, it returned to Spain.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet

Service during the War

In 1762, the regiment joined the army assembling in the camp of Zamora where it was deployed on the right wing of the second line. On May 1, the regiment set off for the invasion of Portugal, entering into the province of Trás-os-Montes. It encamped at Montemarta within sight of the bridge of the Ezla. On May 9, it was at the capture of Miranda do Douro. On July 16, it occupied Ciudad Rodrigo where it remained until July 28. It then crossed the frontier and bivouacked in Aldea del Obispo awaiting for the division of the Count of Maceda. From August 6, during the siege of Almeida, the regiment was posted on the left of the first line. The place surrendered on August 25. On September 5, the regiment was incorporated into the division of General Rivaguero which was detached to the Zarza. On September 11, the regiment contributed to the capture of Salvatierra. On October 31, it took up cantonments in Arroyo del Puerco where it remained until November 14. It then marched to Montijo where, on November 25, it was ordered to cease hostilities.

In 1763, the regiment was sent to Lower Andalusia.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details as per
the Album de Taccoli of 1759
Headgear black tricorne laced silver with a red cockade fastened with a white button
Neck stock white
Coat yellow with white buttons
Collar none
Shoulder straps white aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 4 white buttons
Cuffs blue with 3 white buttons
Turnbacks blue
Waistcoat blue with white buttons
Breeches blue
Gaiters black
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt none
Waistbelt none
Cartridge Box n/a
Scabbard n/a
Footgear black shoes
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth blue laced with a wide white braid decorated with a thin blue braid
Housings blue laced with a wide white braid decorated with a thin blue braid
Blanket roll n/a


Officers

no information available yet

Musicians

Musicians probably wore a uniform with reversed colours: blue coat with yellow facings.

Guidons

Guidon bearer of the Numancia Dragoons in 1737 - Source: Conde de Clonard, Álbum de la Caballeria española reproduced with the kind authorisation of the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda

Swallow tailed guidon fringed in gold; centre device consisting of a phoenix burning in its nest, surrounded by the banners and flags taken by its brave dragoons.

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XV, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 453-466

Other sources

Album de Taccoli, 1759

Clonard, conde de, Álbum de la Caballeria española

Acknowledgment

Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.