Palatinate Artillery

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Palatine Army >> Palatinate Artillery

Origin and History

The unit consisted of 3 companies.

During the Seven Years' War, the commanders of the various companies were:

  • 1st company: major Peter Urmann
  • 2nd company: lieutenant-colonel Johann Mayer
  • 3rd company: captain Michael Joseph Laub

Service during the War

Throughout the war, a small body of the unit remained in the Palatinate territories on fortress duty.

In 1757, 200 men of the Palatine Artillery were part of the 6,000 men strong Subsidienkorps (Palatine Auxiliary Corps) hired by France to serve in Germany. They served the battalion guns (2 x 4-pdr battalion guns for each battalion). At the end of June, the Palatinate Auxiliary Corps advanced through Westphalia to join the French Lower Rhine Army commanded by maréchal d'Estrées. On July 26, this detachment took part in the battle of Hastenbeck where it supported the leading columns of the left wing. After the victory, it encamped at Grosselsen near Hameln with the main body of the French Lower Rhine Army from July 31 to August 2. At the end of the year, it took its winter quarters in the town of Detmold, Hamm, and Gütersloh; with the other regiments of the Palatine Auxiliary Corps. This position was in the fourth line of the French Army. The same year, 76 men (down to 44 by 1759) were also attached to the Imperial contingent who joined the Reichsarmee to serve the battalion guns of the Palatine contingent.

In 1758, when the comte de Clermont redeployed his army along the Rhine, part of the detachment was probably stationed in Düsseldorf or Julich. It remained in these towns even during the Allied campaign on the west bank of the Lower Rhine in June. On August 20, the detachment had joined the army of the Lower Rhine, now under the marquis de Contades, encamped near Wesel. At the beginning of October, part of the detachment was attached to Chevert's corps which was sent to reinforce the army of the prince de Soubise in Hesse. On October 10, it was at the battle of Lutterberg where it was part of Chevert's corps which won the day by turning the Allied left flank.

On January 1 1759, French subsidies not being renewed because the Palatine troops had proven to be quite unwilling allies to the French, the regiment returned to Palatinate.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: rf-figuren from a Not By Appointment template
Uniform in 1757
Headgear black tricorne laced yellow with a black cockade and with blue within white pompoms
Neckstock black
Coat blue coat with 10 brass buttons under the lapels on the right side and 1 brass button on each side at the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps red with 1 brass button (left shoulder)
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 brass buttons
Cuffs red with 3 brass buttons
Turnbacks blue fastened with a small brass button
Waistcoat blue with 15 brass buttons
Breeches blue
Gaiters black with 22 brass buttons
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt paille (straw) or white
Waistbelt white
Footgear black shoes


Other interpretations

Pengel and Hurt specify that the uniform had red lapels.

NCOs

no information available yet

Officers

The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • tricorne with a black cockade and no pompoms
  • golden gorget (since 1755)
  • gold buttons and laces
  • white and blue striped sash (silver and blue for staff officers)
  • white and blue sword frog (silver and blue for staff officers)
  • buff gloves
  • black cane

Musicians

Drum of the Palatine Artillery – Source: Volker Scholz

no information available yet about the uniform of drummers

The drum was made of brass embossed with the Palatine coat of arms with lion supporters and trophies of arms; hoops were painted with black and white flames (black flames pointing in, white flames pointing out); cords were white.

Colours

no information available yet

References

Bavarian Army Museum

Bezel, Oskar; Geschichte des Kurpfälzischen Heeres ..., Bayrisches Kriegsarchiv, München, 1925

Pengel, R.D. And G. R. Hurt; Bavaria, Saxony & the Palatinate Supplement: Uniforms and Flags of the Senen Years War, Hopewell: On Military Matters, 1981, p. 56

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgments

rf-figuren for the initial version of this article and Volker Scholz for the info on the drum