Pallas (36)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Pallas (36)

Origin and History

The frigate was built by Wells & Bronsdon at Deptford dockyard and launched on August 30 1757.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • in July 1758: Captain Archibald Cleveland
  • in 1760 and 1762: Captain Michael Clements

The frigate burnt on February 24 1783.

Service during the War

From July 31 to September 19 1758, the frigate took part to the second expedition against the French Coasts. On Sunday August 6, prince Edward, second son of the prince of Wales, serving as a midshipman, went on board the frigate which was one of the vessels intended for battering the forts of Cherbourg. On August 7, commodore Howe used the frigate as his flagship during the landing in the bay of Saint-Marais near Cherbourg.

By February 23 1760, the news of the French expedition against the Irish Coasts and of Thurot's raid on Carrickfergus had spread throughout Ireland. The Duke of Bedford, Governor of Ireland, sent expresses to all the principal ports in the northern part of Ireland to inform the captains of any of ships of the Navy that might be there of what had happened and to order them to march on Carrickfergus. At Kinsale one of these expresses found the frigates Aeolus (32), Pallas (36) and Brilliant (36) which had been driven from their station with Hawke's fleet on the coast of France. These at once put to sea and went north. On February 26 at Dublin, Captain Elliot, the senior captain of these 3 frigates, learned that the French were still at Carrickfergus and sailed with these 3 frigates. That same evening, he found himself off the mouth of Belfast Lough, but, the wind being contrary, he could not get in. On February 28 at 4:00 AM, Elliot got sight of Thurot's flotilla which was sailing for France as it rounded Copeland Island and gave chase. At 6:00 AM, Elliot caught up Thurot's squadron. At 9:00 AM, off the isle of Man, the 3 British frigates got up alongside Thurot's vessels. A few minutes later, the vessels of both squadrons were engaged. Almost immediately, the Blonde (32) and Terpsichore (26) abandoned combat and tried to escape, leaving the Maréchal de Belle-Isle (44) and Thurot alone against the 3 British frigates. The engagement lasted about 90 minutes before the 3 French vessels were forced to strike their colours. Thurot had been killed by a cannonball during the engagement and his vessel, the Maréchal de Belle-Isle (44), who had lost 155 men killed, was so badly damaged that it was feared she could sink before reaching the nearest harbour. In this action, the French lost 300 men killed or wounded while the frigate lost 1 killed and 5 wounded. The French prisoners were brought to Ramsey on the Isle of Man then to Belfast where they arrived on March 2.

On July 23 1762 near Cadiz, the frigate was attacked by 2 Spanish xebecs assisted by a ship of the line and the Pallas was forced to evade.

To do: more details for the campaigns from 1759 to 1762

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 36
Gun deck ???
Quarter deck ???
Crew ???
Length ???
Width ???
Depth ???
Displacement ???

References

Blasco, Manuel, British 5th Rates, 3 Decks Wiki

Phillip, Michael, Ships of the Old Navy

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.