Pembroke (60)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Pembroke (60)

Origin and History

The ship was built by Thomas Bucknall at the Plymouth dockyard and launched on June 2 1757.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • in 1759: captain John Wheelock

In 1776, the ship was transformed into a hulk.

The ship was broken up in August 1793.

Service during the War

At the beginning of 1758, the ship was part of the fleet who assembled at Portsmouth under the command of admiral Edward Boscawen for the expedition against Louisbourg. On February 19, this fleet set sail for Halifax and finally arrived there on May 9. On May 28, the fleet sailed from Halifax and arrived in sight of Louisbourg on June 1. Throughout the siege of Louisbourg, the fleet actively supported the British army and the fortress finally surrendered on July 26.

In February 1759, the ship sailed from Spithead in Great Britain as part of the fleet destined for the expedition against Québec. The voyage was long and tedious. On April 21, when the fleet finally reached Louisbourg, it was to find the harbour blocked with ice, so that the fleet made for Halifax instead. The fleet finally sailed for Louisbourg in May. Between June 1 and 6, the fleet gradually left the harbour of Louisbourg and sailed for Québec. On June 23, Saunders' fleet made a junction with Durell's squadron at Isles-aux-Coudres. On June 26, the whole British fleet of vice-admiral Saunders was anchored safely off the southern shore of Isle-d'Orléans, a few km below Québec without loosing a single ship. On June 27 at 6:30 AM, the ships of the line Centurion (60) and Pembroke (60) (on which James Cook was serving as master) along with the sloop of war Porcupine (16) anchored at the south-western point of Isle-d'Orléans, reconnoitring the French positions around Québec. The town finally surrendered on September 18. At the end of October, vice-admiral Saunders fired his farewell salute and dropped down the Saint-Laurent river with his fleet on his way to Great Britain. However, he also left captain lord Colville in command of a small squadron, including this ship, in North America.

To do: campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 60
Lower Gundeck 24 x 24-pdrs
Upper gundeck 26 x 12-pdrs
Quarterdeck 8 x 6-pdrs
Forecastle 2 x 6-pdrs
Crew no information available
Length at gundeck 156 ft (47.5 m)
Width 42 ft (12.8 m)
Depth 18 ft (5.5 m)
Displacement 1,222 long tons (1,241.6 metric tons)

References

Blasco, Manuel, British 4th Rates, 3 Decks Wiki

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Wikipedia

  • HMS Pembroke (1757)

N.B.: the section Service during the War is derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.