Difference between revisions of "Phull Cuirassiers"

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(Uniform of the Cuirassier Regiment (1758))
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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
 
[[File:Becher's von Phullche Regiment.jpg|right|frame|von Phull Cuirassier in 1760 - Source: Becher, 1760]]
 
[[File:Becher's von Phullche Regiment.jpg|right|frame|von Phull Cuirassier in 1760 - Source: Becher, 1760]]
The regiment was raised on May 10 1758 as the ''Kürassierregiment von Phull''.  
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The regiment was raised on May 10, 1758 as the ''Kürassierregiment von Phull''.  
  
 
The regiment counted four squadrons for a total of 512 men.
 
The regiment counted four squadrons for a total of 512 men.
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During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was owned by:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was owned by:  
*from 1758: Major-general Ludwig Wilhelm August von Phull
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*from 1758: Major-General Ludwig Wilhelm August von Phull
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the effective command of:  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the effective command of:  
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*from 1761: Colonel Hartmann von Chumb-Neuberg
 
*from 1761: Colonel Hartmann von Chumb-Neuberg
  
On December 31 1766, the regiment was disbanded.
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On December 31, 1766, the regiment was disbanded.
 
<br clear="all"/>
 
<br clear="all"/>
  
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
In 1759, the regiment served in Hessen under French subsidies. On November 3, the Duke of Württemberg was instructed by the [[Broglie, Victor François, Duc de|Duc de Broglie]] to march to Gemünden with his contingent. On November 11, the Württemberger Contingent arrived at Gemünden. The duke then sent his hussars on the Kinzig River. On November 19 and 20, the Württemberger Contingent (about 10,000 men), led personally by the duke, arrived at Fulda and took up its winter-quarters to assist the French army. The duke sent the unit forward, between Fulda, Lauterbach and Herbstein. On Friday November 30, an Allied force under the [[Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand|Hereditary Prince of Brunswick]] launched a [[1759-11-30 – Attack on Fulda|surprise attack on Fulda]], forcing the Würtemberger Contingent to retreat precipitously southwards on Bruckenau in the general direction of Frankenland and Württemberg. From December 19 to 23, the Württemberg Contingent (now only 7 bns) was at Steinberg. On December 25, the Duke of Württemberg marched to Schotten.
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In 1759, the regiment served in Hessen under French subsidies. On November 3, the Duke of Württemberg was instructed by the [[Broglie, Victor François, Duc de|Duc de Broglie]] to march to Gemünden with his contingent. On November 11, the Württemberger Contingent arrived at Gemünden. The duke then sent his hussars on the Kinzig River. On November 19 and 20, the Württemberger Contingent (about 10,000 men), led personally by the duke, arrived at Fulda and took up its winter-quarters to assist the French army. The duke sent the present unit forward, between Fulda, Lauterbach and Herbstein. On Friday November 30, an Allied force under the [[Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand|Hereditary Prince of Brunswick]] launched a [[1759-11-30 – Attack on Fulda|surprise attack on Fulda]], forcing the Würtemberger Contingent to retreat precipitously southwards on Bruckenau in the general direction of Frankenland and Württemberg. From December 19 to 23, the Württemberg Contingent (now only 7 bns) was at Steinberg. On December 25, the Duke of Württemberg marched to Schotten.
  
 
In 1760, the entire regiment took part in the [[1760 - Austrian campaign in Saxony|campaign of Saxony]] against the Prussians.
 
In 1760, the entire regiment took part in the [[1760 - Austrian campaign in Saxony|campaign of Saxony]] against the Prussians.

Revision as of 07:16, 7 February 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Württemberg >> Phull Cuirassiers

Origin and History

von Phull Cuirassier in 1760 - Source: Becher, 1760

The regiment was raised on May 10, 1758 as the Kürassierregiment von Phull.

The regiment counted four squadrons for a total of 512 men.

In March 1761, the regiment was transformed into a regiment of dragoons.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was owned by:

  • from 1758: Major-General Ludwig Wilhelm August von Phull

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the effective command of:

  • from 1758: Major Friedrich Ernst von Görlitz
  • from 1761: Colonel Hartmann von Chumb-Neuberg

On December 31, 1766, the regiment was disbanded.

Service during the War

In 1759, the regiment served in Hessen under French subsidies. On November 3, the Duke of Württemberg was instructed by the Duc de Broglie to march to Gemünden with his contingent. On November 11, the Württemberger Contingent arrived at Gemünden. The duke then sent his hussars on the Kinzig River. On November 19 and 20, the Württemberger Contingent (about 10,000 men), led personally by the duke, arrived at Fulda and took up its winter-quarters to assist the French army. The duke sent the present unit forward, between Fulda, Lauterbach and Herbstein. On Friday November 30, an Allied force under the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick launched a surprise attack on Fulda, forcing the Würtemberger Contingent to retreat precipitously southwards on Bruckenau in the general direction of Frankenland and Württemberg. From December 19 to 23, the Württemberg Contingent (now only 7 bns) was at Steinberg. On December 25, the Duke of Württemberg marched to Schotten.

In 1760, the entire regiment took part in the campaign of Saxony against the Prussians.

To do: details of the campaigns from 1760 to 1762

Uniform

Uniform of the Cuirassier Regiment (1758)

Privates

Uniform in 1760 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1760
as per Becher
Headgear
Trooper black tricorne laced gold (scalloped lace) with a gold button
Carabinier no information available yet
Neckstock black
Coat white. Stadlinger is showing a yellow coat in 1758, Perhaps it was the Gala uniform (?)
Collar red
Shoulder Straps red fastened with a yellow button; a yellow aiguillette on the right shoulder
Lapels red with 8 yellow buttons
Pockets horizontal pockets with 3 yellow buttons
Cuffs red with three yellow buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat red trimmed with a lace (white edged by two red lines and with a zigzag red line in the middle)
Breeches white or buff
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box no information available yet
Gloves white
Scabbard black
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red with a black stitched red border and a black stitched red cipher (mirrored C) in the rear corner (as per Herbert Knötel)
Housing red with a black stitched red border and a black stitched red cipher (mirrored C) in the rear corner (as per Herbert Knötel)

N.B.: in 1759 in his Etat des Trouppes de S.A.S. Monseigneur le Duc de Virtemberg et Theck sur pié en 1759, Jacques André Frederic mentions a white uniform with a grayish waistcoat and rose distinctives. However, the colours of the original have faded and it is difficult to establish the exact shades.

Troopers were armed with a sword, a musket and a blackened cuirass.

Officers

Officers wore a gold and black sash.

Musicians

no information available yet

Uniform of the Dragoon Regiment (1761)

Privates

Uniform in 1761 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1761
Headgear
Trooper black tricorne laced gold (scalloped lace) with a black cockade with a gold fastener and a gold button
Carabinier no information available yet
Neckstock black
Coat white
Collar red
Shoulder Straps red fastened with a yellow button
Lapels red with 8 yellow buttons
Pockets horizontal pockets with 3 yellow buttons
Cuffs red with three yellow buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat red trimmed with a lace (white edged by two red lines and with a zigzag red line in the middle). The lace will soon disappear
Breeches white or buff
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box no information available yet
Gloves white
Scabbard black
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth red with a black stitched red border and a black stitched red cipher (mirrored C) in the rear corner (as per Herbert Knötel)
Housing red with a black stitched red border and a black stitched red cipher (mirrored C) in the rear corner (as per Herbert Knötel)


Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket.

Officers

Officers wore a gold and black sash.

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

According to the Militaerplan of 1758: there were four Cornets (one per squadron) in this regiment.

Colonel Standard (Leibstandarte): white field fringed in gold with a golden finials and a natural wood flagpole

  • obverse: centre device consisting of the arms of Württemberg surrounded by a necklace partly covered with golden oak leaves and surmounted by 5 golden helmets; the whole surrounded with trophies; corner monograms consisting of the duke's cipher (a mirrored C). Details of the arms of Württemberg:
    • Upper left canton: yellow and black checkerboard pattern (Teck arms)
    • Upper right canton: yellow flags on a blue field (Reichssturm)
    • Lower right canton: brown head with a red bonnet on a yellow field (Heidenheim arms)
    • Lower left canton: two gold fish on a red field (Monbéliard arms)
    • Central escutcheon: 3 black stag antlers on a yellow field
  • reverse: centre device depicting two goddesses on a cloud surmounted by a white scroll carrying the golden motto "17 - Provide et constanter - 58"; the whole surrounded with trophies; corner monograms consisting of the duke's cipher (a mirrored C).

Regimental Standard in 1758 (Regimentsstandarte): red field fringed in gold with a golden finials and a natural wood flagpole

  • obverse: centre device consisting of the arms of Württemberg surrounded by a necklace partly covered with golden oak leaves and surmounted by 5 golden helmets; the whole surrounded with trophies; corner monograms consisting of the duke's cipher (a mirrored C). Details of the arms of Württemberg:
    • Upper left canton: yellow and black checkerboard pattern (Teck arms)
    • Upper right canton: yellow flags on a blue field (Reichssturm)
    • Lower right canton: brown head with a red bonnet on a yellow field (Heidenheim arms)
    • Lower left canton: two gold fish on a red field (Monbéliard arms)
    • Central escutcheon: 3 black stag antlers on a yellow field
  • reverse: centre device depicting two goddesses on a cloud surmounted by a white scroll carrying the golden motto "17 - Provide et constanter - 58"; the whole surrounded with trophies; corner monograms consisting of the duke's cipher (a mirrored C).
Regimental Standard in 1758 – Source: Peter Schlegel

Standard reproduced with the kind authorisation of Peter Schlegel and Der Rundbrief - Mitgliedermagazin der KLIO Baden-Württemberg

Copyright: Peter Schlegel

References

  • Becher, Johann Christian: Wahrhaftige Nachricht derer Begebenheiten, so sich in dem Herzogthum Weimar by dem gewaltigen Kriege Friedrichs II., Königs von Preußen, mit der Königin von Ungarn, Marien Theresen, samt ihren Bundesgenossen zugetragen, Weimar, ca. 1757-1760
    • Original (Stiftung Weimarer Klassik - Herzogin Anna Amalia Bibliothek Weimar)
    • Copy (Deutsches Historisches Museum)
    • Copy (Bibliothèque nationale de France, De Ridder collection)
  • Deutsche Uniformen, Vol. 1, Das Zeitalter Friedrich des Großen, 240 images from Herbert Knötel d. J., text and explanations from dr. Martin Letzius, published by Sturm-Zigaretten GmbH, Dresden, 1932
  • Frederic, Jacques André, Etat des Trouppes de S.A.S. Monseigneur le Duc de Virtemberg et Theck sur pié en 1759, Augsburg, 1759
  • Knötel, R., Uniformkunde, Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, Rathenow 1890-1921, Vol II, Plate 41
  • Stadlinger, L., J. von, Geschichte des Württembergischen Kriegswesens – von der frühesten bis zur neuesten Zeit, Stuttgart, 1856
  • Zahn, Michael, Die Herzoglich Württembergische Armee im Siebenjährigen Krieg, Manuskript, Stuttgart: January 2008

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.